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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education


NS&E Degrees as Share of Higher Education Degrees Conferred


Quartiles

Natural sciences and engineering degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred: 2007 (Percent)
 
1st quartile
(34.7% – 19.6%)
2nd quartile
(19.4% – 17.2%)
3rd quartile
(17.0% – 15.2%)
4th quartile
(15.1% – 11.5%)
 
Alabama‡ Alaska‡ Florida Arizona
California Idaho‡ Illinois Arkansas‡
Colorado Iowa Indiana Connecticut
Georgia New Jersey Kansas‡ Delaware‡
Maryland North Dakota‡ Louisiana‡ District of Columbia
Michigan Ohio Maine‡ Hawaii‡
Montana‡ Oklahoma‡ Massachusetts Kentucky‡
New Mexico‡ Oregon Mississippi‡ Minnesota
North Carolina Pennsylvania Nebraska‡ Missouri
South Dakota‡ Rhode Island‡ Nevada‡ New York
Utah South Carolina‡ New Hampshire‡ Tennessee
Virginia Texas West Virginia‡
Washington Vermont‡
Wisconsin
Wyoming‡
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In 2007, nearly 376,000 NS&E bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees were conferred nationwide, an increase of nearly 25% during the past decade.
  • The proportion of NS&E degrees as a share of total degrees conferred showed an 8% decline between 2002 and 2007.
  • There are noteworthy differences in the proportions of natural science or engineering higher education degrees conferred in different states. In 2007, the proportions ranged between 35% and 11%.
  • States with the highest percentage of higher education degrees in natural science or engineering fields tended to be located in the western United States, and four of the top five are EPSCoR states.


Description

This indicator is a measure of the extent to which a state's higher education programs are concentrated in natural sciences and engineering (NS&E) fields. The indicator is expressed as the percentage of higher education degrees that were conferred in NS&E fields.

NS&E fields include the physical, earth, ocean, atmospheric, biological, agricultural, and computer sciences; mathematics; and engineering. Social sciences such as anthropology, economics, political science and public administration, psychology, and sociology are not included. Counts of both NS&E degrees and higher education degrees conferred include bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees; associate's degrees are excluded.

Degree data reflect the location of the degree-granting institution, not the state in which degree-earning students permanently reside. The year reflects the end date of the academic year. For example, data for 2007 represent degrees conferred during the 2006–07 academic year.

Data Table

Table 8-18
Natural sciences and engineering degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred, by state: 1997, 2002, and 2007
 
  NS&E degrees   All higher education degrees   NS&E/higher education degrees (%)
State 1997 2002 2007   1997 2002 2007   1997 2002 2007
 
United States 300,380 346,643 375,931   1,636,726 1,811,202 2,138,003   18.4 19.1 17.6
Alabama 4,971 4,842 6,550   28,678 29,034 32,207   17.3 16.7 20.3
Alaska 440 338 438   2,009 1,828 2,261   21.9 18.5 19.4
Arizona 4,379 5,713 8,569   30,255 42,697 74,778   14.5 13.4 11.5
Arkansas 1,751 2,276 2,112   11,577 12,740 14,835   15.1 17.9 14.2
California 35,241 40,070 42,934   151,485 176,513 204,838   23.3 22.7 21.0
Colorado 6,625 8,100 7,506   28,304 31,388 35,981   23.4 25.8 20.9
Connecticut 3,196 3,296 4,206   21,300 22,939 27,781   15.0 14.4 15.1
Delaware 1,006 996 1,126   5,660 6,583 7,642   17.8 15.1 14.7
District of Columbia 2,963 3,701 3,061   15,872 16,468 20,489   18.7 22.5 14.9
Florida 9,334 11,944 14,494   65,429 73,988 91,561   14.3 16.1 15.8
Georgia 6,366 8,673 10,230   37,793 42,480 49,495   16.8 20.4 20.7
Hawaii 899 976 1,027   6,533 6,211 7,330   13.8 15.7 14.0
Idaho 1,298 1,564 1,846   5,656 6,245 9,614   22.9 25.0 19.2
Illinois 12,308 15,361 17,106   80,243 89,307 101,537   15.3 17.2 16.8
Indiana 7,219 7,967 8,546   39,188 44,005 51,564   18.4 18.1 16.6
Iowa 3,966 4,209 4,739   21,926 23,706 25,698   18.1 17.8 18.4
Kansas 3,572 3,875 3,638   20,074 20,728 23,943   17.8 18.7 15.2
Kentucky 2,960 3,694 4,039   19,669 21,825 27,152   15.0 16.9 14.9
Louisiana 4,249 4,828 4,730   23,565 26,491 28,224   18.0 18.2 16.8
Maine 1,220 1,331 1,403   6,686 7,145 8,532   18.2 18.6 16.4
Maryland 6,869 8,144 9,891   32,362 35,601 41,936   21.2 22.9 23.6
Massachusetts 11,411 12,634 12,988   66,594 71,260 78,421   17.1 17.7 16.6
Michigan 12,698 13,977 14,726   62,669 70,717 75,304   20.3 19.8 19.6
Minnesota 4,997 6,909 6,773   29,990 33,450 45,085   16.7 20.7 15.0
Mississippi 2,342 2,528 2,773   13,823 15,619 16,438   16.9 16.2 16.9
Missouri 6,020 7,367 7,301   39,902 46,834 53,828   15.1 15.7 13.6
Montana 1,504 1,669 1,571   5,706 6,340 6,509   26.4 26.3 24.1
Nebraska 2,178 2,350 2,533   12,629 14,190 15,765   17.2 16.6 16.1
Nevada 740 887 1,234   4,726 5,489 7,279   15.7 16.2 17.0
New Hampshire 1,833 2,167 1,726   9,772 9,486 11,207   18.8 22.8 15.4
New Jersey 7,441 9,098 8,513   34,345 39,686 46,676   21.7 22.9 18.2
New Mexico 1,877 1,886 2,201   8,835 8,402 9,748   21.2 22.4 22.6
New York 23,908 26,586 27,486   146,034 155,906 185,736   16.4 17.1 14.8
North Carolina 8,388 9,629 10,947   43,477 46,754 55,071   19.3 20.6 19.9
North Dakota 1,053 1,115 1,208   5,417 5,777 7,042   19.4 19.3 17.2
Ohio 12,290 13,512 14,240   69,154 73,784 82,584   17.8 18.3 17.2
Oklahoma 3,688 3,862 4,170   20,001 21,531 24,244   18.4 17.9 17.2
Oregon 3,014 3,470 4,220   17,733 19,139 23,655   17.0 18.1 17.8
Pennsylvania 15,787 18,537 20,083   84,854 95,111 113,396   18.6 19.5 17.7
Rhode Island 1,691 2,017 2,231   10,558 11,359 12,724   16.0 17.8 17.5
South Carolina 4,121 4,598 4,486   20,179 22,023 25,841   20.4 20.9 17.4
South Dakota 1,336 1,371 1,405   5,512 5,493 6,386   24.2 25.0 22.0
Tennessee 4,638 4,651 5,157   28,733 32,004 36,576   16.1 14.5 14.1
Texas 18,346 21,547 24,382   97,090 108,049 130,830   18.9 19.9 18.6
Utah 3,749 4,380 4,707   18,920 21,496 23,993   19.8 20.4 19.6
Vermont 964 1,045 1,320   5,517 6,003 7,042   17.5 17.4 18.7
Virginia 8,669 9,768 10,747   42,316 44,555 53,981   20.5 21.9 19.9
Washington 5,897 7,277 7,364   30,499 31,971 37,541   19.3 22.8 19.6
West Virginia 1,516 1,817 2,067   10,548 11,413 13,707   14.4 15.9 15.1
Wisconsin 6,634 7,232 8,433   34,805 37,284 41,842   19.1 19.4 20.2
Wyoming 818 859 748   2,124 2,155 2,154   38.5 39.9 34.7
                       
Puerto Rico 3,439 4,082 3,636   15,811 19,433 22,734   21.8 21.0 16.0
 

NS&E = natural sciences and engineering

NOTES: NS&E degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate. NS&E degrees include physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences; mathematics; and engineering. "All higher education degrees" includes bachelor's, master's, and doctorate.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010