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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education


S&E Graduate Students per 1,000 Individuals 25–34 Years Old


Quartiles

S&E graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old: 2007
 
1st quartile
(88.9 – 14.2)
2nd quartile
(13.4 – 11.2)
3rd quartile
(10.8 – 8.9)
4th quartile
(8.3 – 5.1)
 
Connecticut California Alabama‡ Alaska‡
Delaware‡ Colorado Arizona Arkansas‡
District of Columbia Indiana Florida Georgia
Illinois Michigan Hawaii‡ Kentucky‡
Iowa Montana‡ Idaho‡ Maine‡
Kansas‡ Nebraska‡ Louisiana‡ Mississippi‡
Maryland New Jersey Missouri Nevada‡
Massachusetts Ohio New Hampshire‡ Oregon
Minnesota Utah North Carolina South Carolina‡
New Mexico‡ Virginia Oklahoma‡ Tennessee
New York Wisconsin South Dakota‡ Washington
North Dakota‡ Wyoming‡ Texas
Pennsylvania Vermont‡
Rhode Island‡ West Virginia‡
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering; and Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program. See Data Table.



Findings

  • The number of S&E graduate students in the United States grew from approximately 405,000 in 1997 to 499,000 in 2007, a 23% increase.
  • Individual states provided graduate level S&E training to varying proportions of the population, with 2.9% to 0.5% of individuals 25–34 years old pursuing S&E graduate studies in 2007.
  • Changes in the value of this indicator between 1997 and 2007 may reflect shifts in population, significant changes in S&E graduate education, or a combination of both.
  • Growth in the number of S&E graduate students was most significant in California during this period. Other states with sizeable increases included Texas, New York, Florida, and Minnesota.


Description

Graduate students in S&E fields may become the technical leaders of the future. The ratio of S&E graduate students to a state's population ages 25–34 years old is a relative measure of a state's population with graduate training in S&E. Graduate students are counted on the basis of their university enrollment and include state residents, residents of other states, and noncitizens. The cohort 25–34 years old was chosen to approximate the age of most graduate students. This population cohort includes all state residents ages 25–34 and does not distinguish between citizens and noncitizens.

Data on S&E graduate students were collected by surveying all academic institutions in the United States that offer doctoral or master's degree programs in any S&E field, including the physical, earth, ocean, atmospheric, biological, agricultural, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Graduate students enrolled in schools of nursing, public health, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and other health-related disciplines are not included.

Data Table

Table 8-19
S&E graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old, by state: 1997, 2002, and 2007
 
  S&E graduate students   Population 25–34 years old   S&E graduate students/1,000
individuals 25–34 years old
State 1997 2002 2007   1997 2002 2007   1997 2002 2007
 
United States 405,307 451,387 499,024   39,558,339 39,698,462 40,590,926   10.2 11.4 12.3
Alabama 5,288 5,704 6,162   625,515 587,727 603,903   8.5 9.7 10.2
Alaska 749 736 832   79,364 89,170 100,168   9.4 8.3 8.3
Arizona 6,468 7,153 8,157   654,684 781,407 915,523   9.9 9.2 8.9
Arkansas 1,853 1,932 2,649   335,763 351,068 378,494   5.5 5.5 7.0
California 51,176 58,469 66,792   5,279,694 5,271,205 5,179,032   9.7 11.1 12.9
Colorado 8,371 9,620 9,749   545,166 691,900 727,990   15.4 13.9 13.4
Connecticut 5,562 7,026 8,643   488,806 431,725 399,838   11.4 16.3 21.6
Delaware 1,413 1,564 1,777   119,512 105,900 106,957   11.8 14.8 16.6
District of Columbia 7,843 7,783 9,549   104,953 103,017 107,374   74.7 75.6 88.9
Florida 13,978 17,465 20,741   1,970,764 2,106,930 2,276,893   7.1 8.3 9.1
Georgia 8,481 10,092 11,435   1,217,255 1,315,540 1,374,703   7.0 7.7 8.3
Hawaii 1,598 1,657 1,858   160,985 171,531 177,096   9.9 9.7 10.5
Idaho 1,426 1,691 1,853   150,552 175,200 207,897   9.5 9.7 8.9
Illinois 21,857 24,813 25,281   1,783,545 1,800,397 1,766,903   12.3 13.8 14.3
Indiana 8,309 8,840 9,791   854,925 821,411 850,340   9.7 10.8 11.5
Iowa 4,617 4,928 5,146   374,757 356,050 363,669   12.3 13.8 14.2
Kansas 5,817 6,202 5,638   358,134 346,195 360,118   16.2 17.9 15.7
Kentucky 3,507 4,389 4,391   556,431 559,574 586,067   6.3 7.8 7.5
Louisiana 5,362 5,928 5,391   601,194 581,665 579,336   8.9 10.2 9.3
Maine 584 639 764   172,945 152,953 149,052   3.4 4.2 5.1
Maryland 9,163 10,164 11,357   814,881 731,189 719,905   11.2 13.9 15.8
Massachusetts 19,274 22,006 23,604   1,014,531 895,476 821,184   19.0 24.6 28.7
Michigan 14,708 16,706 15,595   1,423,309 1,321,563 1,256,377   10.3 12.6 12.4
Minnesota 6,435 7,248 12,733   669,827 667,582 683,505   9.6 10.9 18.6
Mississippi 2,686 2,776 3,142   382,623 374,687 382,061   7.0 7.4 8.2
Missouri 5,760 6,828 7,645   754,942 733,432 774,880   7.6 9.3 9.9
Montana 1,168 1,328 1,502   98,004 101,874 116,754   11.9 13.0 12.9
Nebraska 2,368 2,633 2,874   217,666 220,620 228,308   10.9 11.9 12.6
Nevada 1,466 1,662 2,262   253,645 323,849 381,263   5.8 5.1 5.9
New Hampshire 1,192 1,444 1,493   185,759 156,636 150,642   6.4 9.2 9.9
New Jersey 10,537 11,613 12,468   1,169,347 1,155,785 1,058,894   9.0 10.0 11.8
New Mexico 2,970 3,374 3,819   221,752 234,601 261,877   13.4 14.4 14.6
New York 38,481 40,114 45,887   2,780,058 2,675,696 2,522,113   13.8 15.0 18.2
North Carolina 9,810 11,271 13,170   1,143,569 1,212,062 1,215,863   8.6 9.3 10.8
North Dakota 847 1,108 1,485   84,358 73,534 78,531   10.0 15.1 18.9
Ohio 16,921 17,159 18,982   1,600,802 1,476,170 1,461,238   10.6 11.6 13.0
Oklahoma 3,763 4,484 4,604   433,901 451,368 489,871   8.7 9.9 9.4
Oregon 3,805 4,304 4,300   432,385 485,187 523,985   8.8 8.9 8.2
Pennsylvania 18,640 19,786 20,643   1,663,839 1,499,828 1,450,797   11.2 13.2 14.2
Rhode Island 1,554 1,768 1,961   155,539 137,322 128,693   10.0 12.9 15.2
South Carolina 3,562 3,313 3,303   570,554 555,147 572,462   6.2 6.0 5.8
South Dakota 851 1,028 891   90,549 90,023 98,407   9.4 11.4 9.1
Tennessee 6,151 6,136 6,200   797,574 804,714 843,811   7.7 7.6 7.3
Texas 26,779 31,264 35,100   2,857,237 3,248,635 3,505,689   9.4 9.6 10.0
Utah 3,908 4,321 4,850   292,936 343,479 432,390   13.3 12.6 11.2
Vermont 569 601 630   86,613 72,309 70,148   6.6 8.3 9.0
Virginia 11,380 12,805 14,000   1,097,057 1,028,882 1,048,130   10.4 12.4 13.4
Washington 5,841 6,129 6,414   817,042 849,669 900,709   7.1 7.2 7.1
West Virginia 1,974 2,320 2,276   229,861 224,782 231,369   8.6 10.3 9.8
Wisconsin 7,639 8,244 8,415   728,952 691,683 710,393   10.5 11.9 11.8
Wyoming 846 819 820   54,283 60,113 69,597   15.6 13.6 11.8
                       
Puerto Rico 2,256 3,371 3,280   NA NA NA   NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTE: S&E graduate students include students pursuing graduate degrees in physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, ocean, and social sciences; psychology; mathematics; and engineering.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering; and Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010