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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education


Average Undergraduate Charge at Public 4-Year Institutions


Quartiles

Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions: 2008 (Dollars)
 
1st quartile
($19,548 – $15,089)
2nd quartile
($14,893 – $12,367)
3rd quartile
($12,289 – $10,984)
4th quartile
($10,889 – $9,479)
No Data
 
Connecticut California Alabama‡ Arkansas‡ District of Columbia
Delaware‡ Colorado Alaska‡ Florida
Illinois Indiana Arizona Idaho‡
Maryland Iowa Georgia Louisiana‡
Massachusetts Kentucky‡ Hawaii‡ Mississippi‡
Michigan Maine‡ Kansas‡ New Mexico‡
New Hampshire‡ Minnesota Montana‡ North Carolina
New Jersey Missouri Nebraska‡ Oklahoma‡
Ohio New York Nevada‡ South Dakota‡
Pennsylvania Oregon North Dakota‡ Utah
Rhode Island‡ Texas Tennessee Wyoming‡
South Carolina‡ Virginia West Virginia‡
Vermont‡ Washington Wisconsin
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. See Data Table.



Findings

  • During 2008, the total annual nominal charge for a full-time undergraduate student to attend a public 4-year institution averaged $13,424 nationally, an increase of 76% during the past decade in current dollars. This was equivalent to an increase of approximately 40% after adjusting for inflation.
  • All states showed major increases in undergraduate charges at public institutions in 2008, as compared with 1998. In several states, undergraduate charges more than doubled during this period.
  • In 2008, the state average for a year of undergraduate education at a public 4-year institution ranged from a low of $9,479 to a high of $19,548.
  • Tuition and required fees averaged 44% of the total charges at public 4-year institutions in 2008, but individual states had different cost structures.


Description

The average annual charge for an undergraduate student to attend a public 4-year academic institution is one indicator of how accessible higher education is to a state's students. The annual charge includes standard in-state charges for tuition, required fees, room, and board for a full-time undergraduate student who is a resident of that state. These charges were weighted by the number of full-time undergraduates attending each public institution within the state. The total charge for all public 4-year institutions in the state was divided by the total number of full-time undergraduates attending all public 4-year institutions in the state. The year is the end date of the academic year. For example, data for 2008 represent costs for the 2007–08 academic year.

To improve educational attainment, the federal government, state governments, and academic institutions provide various kinds of financial aid that reduce the charge to students. The data in this indicator do not include any adjustments for such financial aid.

Data Table

Table 8-22
Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions, by state: 1998, 2003, and 2008
(Dollars)
 
State 1998 2003 2008
 
United States 7,628 9,828 13,424
Alabama 6,354 7,931 11,035
Alaska 7,131 9,457 11,719
Arizona 6,669 8,797 12,289
Arkansas 5,890 7,791 10,598
California 8,491 10,849 14,893
Colorado 7,552 9,179 13,314
Connecticut 9,652 11,805 16,263
Delaware 9,165 11,523 16,165
District of Columbia NA NA NA
Florida 6,890 8,762 10,709
Georgia 6,924 8,749 10,984
Hawaii NA 8,242 12,202
Idaho 6,074 7,585 9,871
Illinois 8,537 11,027 16,795
Indiana 8,494 10,655 14,096
Iowa 6,426 9,185 13,191
Kansas 6,098 7,791 11,338
Kentucky 5,662 7,691 12,641
Louisiana 5,710 6,922 9,479
Maine 8,576 10,329 14,791
Maryland 9,717 12,332 15,644
Massachusetts 8,894 10,818 16,159
Michigan 8,947 11,408 16,003
Minnesota 7,617 9,983 14,188
Mississippi 5,534 8,039 10,776
Missouri 7,520 9,395 13,385
Montana 6,855 8,966 11,609
Nebraska 6,100 8,408 11,852
Nevada 7,295 9,001 12,168
New Hampshire 9,846 9,415 18,293
New Jersey 10,235 13,937 19,548
New Mexico 5,459 7,979 10,610
New York 9,460 10,984 14,140
North Carolina 5,919 8,350 10,889
North Dakota 6,264 7,388 11,134
Ohio 9,022 12,260 16,354
Oklahoma 5,301 6,832 10,600
Oregon 8,394 10,548 13,868
Pennsylvania 9,769 12,944 17,187
Rhode Island 9,962 12,266 15,775
South Carolina 7,160 11,139 15,089
South Dakota 5,993 7,724 10,522
Tennessee 5,788 8,349 11,340
Texas 6,313 8,661 12,367
Utah 5,953 7,410 9,706
Vermont 11,469 14,016 18,245
Virginia 8,627 9,538 13,928
Washington 7,704 10,816 13,478
West Virginia 6,558 8,175 11,426
Wisconsin 6,409 8,204 11,747
Wyoming 6,450 7,977 10,068
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States from Digest of Education Statistics data tables. Average charges for entire academic year (reported in current dollars). Tuition and fees weighted by number of full-time-equivalent undergraduates but not adjusted to reflect student residency. Room and board based on full-time students.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010