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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce


Individuals in S&E Occupations as Share of Workforce


Quartiles

Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce: 2008 (Percent)
 
1st quartile
(19.04% – 3.96%)
2nd quartile
(3.95% – 3.37%)
3rd quartile
(3.35% – 2.80%)
4th quartile
(2.76% – 1.99%)
No Data
 
California Alaska‡ Alabama‡ Arkansas‡ Kentucky‡
Colorado Kansas‡ Arizona Florida Montana‡
Connecticut Missouri Georgia Iowa Washington
Delaware‡ New Hampshire‡ Hawaii‡ Louisiana‡
District of Columbia New Mexico‡ Idaho‡ Maine‡
Maryland New York Illinois Mississippi‡
Massachusetts North Carolina Indiana Nevada‡
Michigan Ohio Nebraska‡ North Dakota‡
Minnesota Oregon Oklahoma‡ South Carolina‡
New Jersey Pennsylvania Rhode Island‡ South Dakota‡
Texas Utah Wisconsin Tennessee
Virginia Vermont‡ Wyoming‡ West Virginia‡
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In 2008, 3.8% of the U.S. workforce (about 5.8 million people) worked in occupations classified as S&E.
  • In 2008, the percentage of the workforce engaged in S&E occupations ranged from 2.0% to 6.4% in individual states.
  • The highest percentages of S&E occupations were found in the District of Columbia and the adjacent states of Maryland and Virginia as well as in Massachusetts and Colorado in 2008.
  • EPSCoR states tended to cluster in the lower quartiles of this indicator, indicating that their workforces contained a smaller percentage of individuals in S&E occupations.


Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's workforce is employed in S&E occupations. A high value for this indicator shows that a state's economy has a high percentage of technical jobs relative to other states.

S&E occupations are defined by standard occupational codes. They include engineers and computer, mathematical, life, physical, and social scientists. They exclude managers, technicians, elementary and secondary schoolteachers, and medical personnel.

State data on individuals in S&E occupations come from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, which surveys states' workplaces and assigns workers to a state based on where they work. The survey is conducted as part of a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. State data on the size of the civilian workforce are BLS estimates based on the Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a state based on where they live.

Situations in which workers live in one state and work in another introduce some imprecision into the calculation of this indicator. The treatment of postsecondary teachers is another source of imprecision. Because OES data do not classify postsecondary teachers by field, in these data, faculty teaching in S&E fields are not counted as working in S&E occupations. Estimates for jurisdictions with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for jurisdictions with larger populations.

Data Table

Table 8-28
Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce, by state: 2004, 2006, and 2008
 
  S&E occupations   Employed workforce   Workforce in S&E occupations (%)
State 2004 2006 2008   2004 2006 2008   2004 2006 2008
 
United States 5,085,740 5,407,710 5,781,460   139,213,523 144,581,912 153,999,337   3.65 3.74 3.75
Alabama 57,560 66,100 68,580   2,014,678 2,120,573 2,162,479   2.86 3.12 3.17
Alaska 10,660 10,720 13,260   312,922 323,531 357,136   3.41 3.31 3.71
Arizona 95,380 98,110 102,100   2,649,243 2,854,381 3,132,667   3.60 3.44 3.26
Arkansas 22,150 24,860 29,310   1,228,163 1,292,886 1,370,259   1.80 1.92 2.14
California 693,670 730,010 791,750   16,444,457 17,029,307 18,391,844   4.22 4.29 4.30
Colorado 126,280 133,730 147,000   2,384,562 2,537,037 2,730,447   5.30 5.27 5.38
Connecticut 82,820 79,380 80,290   1,714,758 1,765,075 1,876,125   4.83 4.50 4.28
Delaware 17,980 21,550 22,330   408,022 424,506 442,902   4.41 5.08 5.04
District of Columbia 57,750 64,120 63,360   285,567 296,957 332,703   20.22 21.59 19.04
Florida 229,950 246,190 248,200   8,056,259 8,692,761 9,231,462   2.85 2.83 2.69
Georgia 141,710 136,470 147,380   4,257,465 4,522,025 4,847,650   3.33 3.02 3.04
Hawaii 16,360 18,940 18,830   597,147 628,277 654,261   2.74 3.01 2.88
Idaho 22,310 NA 23,310   670,746 723,621 754,879   3.33 NA 3.09
Illinois 219,530 222,470 224,370   6,012,320 6,315,715 6,697,335   3.65 3.52 3.35
Indiana 79,120 80,110 90,840   3,017,271 3,108,806 3,230,367   2.62 2.58 2.81
Iowa 39,280 43,670 46,180   1,542,342 1,602,849 1,675,981   2.55 2.72 2.76
Kansas 52,020 48,620 54,260   1,378,713 1,400,169 1,496,943   3.77 3.47 3.62
Kentucky 44,350 44,680 NA   1,859,902 1,922,163 2,042,915   2.38 2.32 NA
Louisiana 42,230 40,180 41,790   1,926,594 1,910,348 2,078,935   2.19 2.10 2.01
Maine 15,160 15,950 17,000   661,163 678,843 706,829   2.29 2.35 2.41
Maryland 154,310 159,470 167,070   2,766,653 2,892,620 2,997,709   5.58 5.51 5.57
Massachusetts 186,260 198,670 217,310   3,204,653 3,234,860 3,424,018   5.81 6.14 6.35
Michigan 183,140 208,520 204,290   4,694,981 4,730,291 4,935,584   3.90 4.41 4.14
Minnesota 119,380 125,930 134,440   2,781,744 2,822,297 2,932,961   4.29 4.46 4.58
Mississippi 23,190 24,910 27,270   1,234,167 1,218,664 1,314,444   1.88 2.04 2.07
Missouri 87,200 96,420 105,390   2,821,802 2,885,857 3,012,126   3.09 3.34 3.50
Montana 11,390 13,010 NA   456,624 478,162 506,159   2.49 2.72 NA
Nebraska 31,720 32,500 31,820   940,047 945,270 995,635   3.37 3.44 3.20
Nevada 23,980 26,930 27,300   1,134,550 1,240,868 1,373,462   2.11 2.17 1.99
New Hampshire 24,350 27,680 29,150   693,648 711,512 738,858   3.51 3.89 3.95
New Jersey 165,150 176,460 198,060   4,177,841 4,309,021 4,496,727   3.95 4.10 4.40
New Mexico 33,500 30,800 34,560   850,164 895,623 959,458   3.94 3.44 3.60
New York 272,930 306,810 326,510   8,810,155 9,072,733 9,679,617   3.10 3.38 3.37
North Carolina 135,380 138,790 153,680   4,028,598 4,250,619 4,543,754   3.36 3.27 3.38
North Dakota 8,420 9,360 9,450   338,221 346,359 369,671   2.49 2.70 2.56
Ohio 180,360 185,190 206,320   5,507,404 5,609,056 5,971,874   3.27 3.30 3.45
Oklahoma NA 50,770 48,900   1,608,849 1,650,877 1,748,416   NA 3.08 2.80
Oregon 62,570 64,520 70,070   1,722,058 1,796,165 1,957,953   3.63 3.59 3.58
Pennsylvania 195,730 214,910 227,170   5,889,957 6,009,858 6,394,884   3.32 3.58 3.55
Rhode Island 19,660 18,060 18,090   531,121 547,618 567,597   3.70 3.30 3.19
South Carolina 51,030 53,230 57,770   1,900,122 1,988,378 2,152,965   2.69 2.68 2.68
South Dakota 9,420 10,120 11,870   409,263 417,100 444,890   2.30 2.43 2.67
Tennessee 65,120 67,040 72,760   2,733,793 2,835,530 3,041,276   2.38 2.36 2.39
Texas 383,180 408,710 463,850   10,456,224 10,921,673 11,701,585   3.66 3.74 3.96
Utah 43,030 49,690 52,570   1,169,163 1,272,801 1,383,743   3.68 3.90 3.80
Vermont 11,770 12,780 12,360   337,709 348,026 355,432   3.49 3.67 3.48
Virginia 220,180 251,720 259,280   3,704,593 3,878,988 4,124,766   5.94 6.49 6.29
Washington 154,610 171,780 NA   3,008,352 3,160,350 3,476,766   5.14 5.44 NA
West Virginia 16,100 17,150 17,000   744,034 767,134 806,152   2.16 2.24 2.11
Wisconsin 95,230 96,860 101,680   2,871,034 2,918,155 3,084,130   3.32 3.32 3.30
Wyoming 6,760 7,640 8,850   263,705 275,617 292,606   2.56 2.77 3.02
                       
Puerto Rico 20,410 23,850 22,970   1,226,251 1,260,703 1,366,307   1.66 1.89 1.68
 

NA = not available

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted. National total for S&E occupations in the United States provided by Occupational Employment Statistics (OES). OES estimates for 2004, 2006, and 2008 S&E occupations based on May data.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010