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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce


Employed S&E Doctorate Holders as Share of Workforce


Quartiles

Employed S&E doctorate holders as share of workforce: 2006 (Percent)
 
1st quartile
(4.49% – 0.49%)
2nd quartile
(0.48% – 0.37%)
3rd quartile
(0.35% – 0.29%)
4th quartile
(0.28% – 0.20%)
 
California Hawaii‡ Alaska‡ Alabama‡
Colorado Idaho‡ Arizona Arkansas‡
Connecticut Illinois Georgia Florida
Delaware‡ Michigan Indiana Kentucky‡
District of Columbia Minnesota Iowa Mississippi‡
Maryland Montana‡ Kansas‡ Nevada‡
Massachusetts New Jersey Louisiana‡ Oklahoma‡
New Mexico‡ North Carolina Maine‡ South Dakota‡
New York North Dakota‡ Missouri West Virginia‡
Rhode Island‡ Ohio Nebraska‡ Wyoming‡
Vermont‡ Oregon New Hampshire‡
Virginia Pennsylvania South Carolina‡
Washington Utah Tennessee
Texas
Wisconsin
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients; and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.



Findings

  • The number of employed S&E doctorate holders in the United States rose from 517,000 in 1997 to 618,000 in 2006, an increase of 20%.
  • Overall, the value of this indicator rose from 0.39% in 1996 to 0.43% in 2006 because the number of employed S&E doctorate holders nationwide increased more rapidly than the size of the workforce.
  • In 2006, the values for this indicator in individual states ranged from 0.20% to 1.00% of a state's workforce.
  • States in the top quartile tended to be home to major research laboratories, research universities, or research-intensive industries.
  • EPSCoR states tended to be clustered in the lower two quartiles for this indicator, reflecting the fact that lower levels of federal support reduce job opportunities for S&E doctorate holders.


Description

This indicator shows a state's ability to attract and retain highly trained scientists and engineers. These individuals often conduct R&D, manage R&D activities, or are otherwise engaged in knowledge-intensive activities. A high value for this indicator in a state suggests employment opportunities for individuals with highly advanced training in S&E fields.

Data on employed S&E doctorate holders include those with doctoral degrees in computer and mathematical sciences; the biological, agricultural, or environmental life sciences; physical sciences; social sciences; psychology; engineering; and health fields. S&E doctorate data derive from the National Science Foundation's Survey of Doctorate Recipients, which excludes individuals with doctorates from foreign institutions and those above the age of 75. The Survey of Doctorate Recipients is a sample survey. Estimates for states with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations. Data for S&E doctorate holders are presented by employment location regardless of residence.

Civilian workforce data are Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics, which bases location on residence. Workforce data represent annual estimates of the employed civilian labor force; estimates are not seasonally adjusted.

Data Table

Table 8-29
Employed S&E doctorate holders as share of workforce, by state: 1997, 2001, and 2006
 
  Employed S&E doctorate holdersa   Employed workforce   S&E doctorate holders in workforce (%)
State 1997 2001 2006   1997 2001 2006   1997 2001 2006
 
United States 516,560 572,800 618,370   130,988,267 137,115,199 144,581,912   0.39 0.42 0.43
Alabama 6,610 5,330 5,900   2,035,156 2,034,909 2,120,573   0.32 0.26 0.28
Alaska 1,110 1,200 1,110   289,963 301,694 323,531   0.38 0.40 0.34
Arizona 6,280 7,070 8,410   2,196,901 2,453,453 2,854,381   0.29 0.29 0.29
Arkansas 2,320 2,560 2,840   1,177,143 1,194,024 1,292,886   0.20 0.21 0.22
California 70,490 80,870 87,370   14,780,791 16,220,033 17,029,307   0.48 0.50 0.51
Colorado 10,740 11,780 13,150   2,154,294 2,303,494 2,537,037   0.50 0.51 0.52
Connecticut 8,770 9,490 10,330   1,674,937 1,700,046 1,765,075   0.52 0.56 0.59
Delaware 3,710 3,540 3,110   378,117 404,135 424,506   0.98 0.88 0.73
District of Columbia 11,800 14,200 13,330   262,789 286,649 296,957   4.49 4.95 4.49
Florida 13,330 15,740 17,630   7,040,660 7,624,718 8,692,761   0.19 0.21 0.20
Georgia 9,880 11,990 12,940   3,751,699 4,112,868 4,522,025   0.26 0.29 0.29
Hawaii 2,550 2,580 2,850   566,766 589,216 628,277   0.45 0.44 0.45
Idaho 2,030 2,230 2,840   598,004 644,816 723,621   0.34 0.35 0.39
Illinois 21,260 22,110 24,110   5,988,296 6,113,536 6,315,715   0.36 0.36 0.38
Indiana 7,570 9,580 9,870   3,014,499 3,020,985 3,108,806   0.25 0.32 0.32
Iowa 4,120 4,390 4,890   1,555,837 1,568,638 1,602,849   0.26 0.28 0.31
Kansas 3,770 3,970 4,250   1,329,797 1,347,715 1,400,169   0.28 0.29 0.30
Kentucky 4,110 4,590 4,990   1,809,785 1,852,056 1,922,163   0.23 0.25 0.26
Louisiana 5,360 5,290 5,470   1,890,102 1,922,110 1,910,348   0.28 0.28 0.29
Maine 2,150 1,990 2,350   624,410 650,699 678,843   0.34 0.31 0.35
Maryland 21,020 22,730 26,220   2,646,200 2,712,268 2,892,620   0.79 0.84 0.91
Massachusetts 23,330 29,100 32,360   3,158,851 3,275,343 3,234,860   0.74 0.89 1.00
Michigan 15,050 17,380 17,900   4,748,691 4,876,338 4,730,291   0.32 0.36 0.38
Minnesota 9,810 11,410 11,850   2,605,673 2,755,808 2,822,297   0.38 0.41 0.42
Mississippi 3,000 3,170 3,310   1,200,845 1,229,884 1,218,664   0.25 0.26 0.27
Missouri 9,490 9,280 9,230   2,780,185 2,867,853 2,885,857   0.34 0.32 0.32
Montana 1,690 1,440 1,990   427,504 447,827 478,162   0.40 0.32 0.42
Nebraska 3,010 2,890 2,970   904,492 925,783 945,270   0.33 0.31 0.31
Nevada 1,620 2,030 2,620   895,258 1,042,182 1,240,868   0.18 0.19 0.21
New Hampshire 2,230 2,470 2,440   635,469 680,706 711,512   0.35 0.36 0.34
New Jersey 20,440 22,740 20,840   4,031,022 4,117,543 4,309,021   0.51 0.55 0.48
New Mexico 7,480 7,750 8,330   768,596 821,003 895,623   0.97 0.94 0.93
New York 40,080 43,980 45,840   8,416,544 8,743,924 9,072,733   0.48 0.50 0.51
North Carolina 13,730 16,760 18,880   3,809,601 3,929,977 4,250,619   0.36 0.43 0.44
North Dakota 1,350 1,080 1,380   335,854 336,228 346,359   0.40 0.32 0.40
Ohio 18,700 20,070 20,540   5,448,161 5,566,735 5,609,056   0.34 0.36 0.37
Oklahoma 4,580 4,360 4,420   1,543,105 1,614,627 1,650,877   0.30 0.27 0.27
Oregon 6,210 7,040 8,280   1,652,997 1,711,041 1,796,165   0.38 0.41 0.46
Pennsylvania 23,940 26,140 29,090   5,775,178 5,874,153 6,009,858   0.41 0.45 0.48
Rhode Island 2,450 2,640 3,020   504,147 520,677 547,618   0.49 0.51 0.55
South Carolina 4,780 5,130 5,920   1,819,508 1,842,291 1,988,378   0.26 0.28 0.30
South Dakota 1,060 1,000 1,050   383,216 400,352 417,100   0.28 0.25 0.25
Tennessee 8,520 8,980 9,980   2,640,005 2,728,523 2,835,530   0.32 0.33 0.35
Texas 28,570 32,490 35,970   9,395,279 9,991,920 10,921,673   0.30 0.33 0.33
Utah 4,800 4,820 5,540   1,034,429 1,108,547 1,272,801   0.46 0.43 0.44
Vermont 1,750 1,750 1,700   315,806 330,099 348,026   0.55 0.53 0.49
Virginia 15,250 17,460 19,790   3,323,266 3,537,719 3,878,988   0.46 0.49 0.51
Washington 13,360 14,760 16,920   2,822,223 2,863,705 3,160,350   0.47 0.52 0.54
West Virginia 1,980 1,890 2,020   746,442 758,904 767,134   0.27 0.25 0.26
Wisconsin 8,460 8,720 9,500   2,855,830 2,897,937 2,918,155   0.30 0.30 0.33
Wyoming 860 840 730   243,944 259,508 275,617   0.35 0.32 0.26
                       
Puerto Rico 660 1,410 1,690   1,132,658 1,133,988 1,260,703   0.06 0.12 0.13
 

aCoefficients of variation for estimates of employed S&E doctorate holders presented in appendix table 8-13.

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients; and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010