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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce


Engineers as Share of Workforce


Quartiles

Engineers as share of workforce: 2008 (Percent)
 
1st quartile
(2.47% – 1.20%)
2nd quartile
(1.16% – 0.99%)
3rd quartile
(0.96% – 0.75%)
4th quartile
(0.74% – 0.54%)
 
Alabama‡ Arizona Florida Arkansas‡
Alaska‡ Delaware‡ Hawaii‡ Georgia
California Idaho‡ Illinois Iowa
Colorado Kansas‡ Indiana Kentucky‡
Connecticut Minnesota Louisiana‡ Maine‡
District of Columbia New Hampshire‡ Mississippi‡ Montana‡
Maryland Ohio Missouri Nebraska‡
Massachusetts Pennsylvania New Jersey Nevada‡
Michigan South Carolina‡ New York North Carolina
New Mexico‡ Utah Oklahoma‡ North Dakota‡
Texas Vermont‡ Oregon South Dakota‡
Virginia Wisconsin Rhode Island‡ West Virginia‡
Washington Wyoming‡ Tennessee
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In the United States, 1.63 million individuals were employed in engineering occupations in 2008, an increase over the 1.48 million engineers employed in 2004. Between 2004 and 2008, the percentage of the workforce employed in engineering occupations remained unchanged at 1.06%.
  • The concentration of engineers in individual states ranged from 0.54% to 1.87% in 2008.
  • The states with the highest percentage of engineers in their workforces were centers of automobile and aircraft manufacturing.
  • States ranking highest on this indicator also ranked high on employment in high-technology establishments as share of total employment.


Description

This indicator shows the representation of trained engineers in a state's workforce. Engineers design and operate production processes and create new products and services. The indicator encompasses the standard occupational codes for engineering fields: aerospace, agricultural, biomedical, chemical, civil, computer hardware, electrical and electronics, environmental, industrial, marine and naval architectural, materials, mechanical, mining and geological, nuclear, and petroleum.

State data on individuals in S&E occupations come from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, which surveys states' workplaces and assigns workers to a state based on where they work. The survey is conducted as part of a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. State data on the size of the civilian workforce are BLS estimates based on the Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a state based on where they live.

Situations in which workers live in one state and work in another introduce some imprecision into the calculation of this indicator. The treatment of postsecondary teachers is another source of imprecision. Because OES data do not classify postsecondary teachers by field, in these data, faculty teaching in S&E fields are not counted as working in S&E occupations. Estimates for states with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations.

Data Table

Table 8-30
Engineers as share of workforce, by state: 2004, 2006, and 2008
 
  Engineers   Employed workforce   Engineers in workforce (%)
State 2004 2006 2008   2004 2006 2008   2004 2006 2008
 
United States 1,480,520 1,535,620 1,626,330   139,213,523 144,581,912 153,999,337   1.06 1.06 1.06
Alabama 22,170 26,210 26,430   2,014,678 2,120,573 2,162,479   1.10 1.24 1.22
Alaska 3,480 3,330 4,450   312,922 323,531 357,136   1.11 1.03 1.25
Arizona 36,180 35,630 35,850   2,649,243 2,854,381 3,132,667   1.37 1.25 1.14
Arkansas 5,900 7,210 7,340   1,228,163 1,292,886 1,370,259   0.48 0.56 0.54
California 220,120 231,480 240,860   16,444,457 17,029,307 18,391,844   1.34 1.36 1.31
Colorado 34,370 37,040 41,130   2,384,562 2,537,037 2,730,447   1.44 1.46 1.51
Connecticut 26,160 24,070 23,920   1,714,758 1,765,075 1,876,125   1.53 1.36 1.27
Delaware 3,810 4,810 5,120   408,022 424,506 442,902   0.93 1.13 1.16
District of Columbia 10,490 8,920 8,220   285,567 296,957 332,703   3.67 3.00 2.47
Florida 59,070 67,810 69,040   8,056,259 8,692,761 9,231,462   0.73 0.78 0.75
Georgia 30,550 30,170 36,020   4,257,465 4,522,025 4,847,650   0.72 0.67 0.74
Hawaii 4,560 5,380 5,020   597,147 628,277 654,261   0.76 0.86 0.77
Idaho 8,250 9,270 7,870   670,746 723,621 754,879   1.23 1.28 1.04
Illinois 59,010 57,270 55,840   6,012,320 6,315,715 6,697,335   0.98 0.91 0.83
Indiana 30,380 28,380 30,780   3,017,271 3,108,806 3,230,367   1.01 0.91 0.95
Iowa 9,900 10,420 10,270   1,542,342 1,602,849 1,675,981   0.64 0.65 0.61
Kansas 19,020 17,480 16,930   1,378,713 1,400,169 1,496,943   1.38 1.25 1.13
Kentucky 12,870 12,950 13,880   1,859,902 1,922,163 2,042,915   0.69 0.67 0.68
Louisiana 15,790 15,250 18,270   1,926,594 1,910,348 2,078,935   0.82 0.80 0.88
Maine 4,830 4,230 4,480   661,163 678,843 706,829   0.73 0.62 0.63
Maryland 33,190 36,880 39,390   2,766,653 2,892,620 2,997,709   1.20 1.27 1.31
Massachusetts 50,370 51,750 54,330   3,204,653 3,234,860 3,424,018   1.57 1.60 1.59
Michigan 91,600 99,680 92,190   4,694,981 4,730,291 4,935,584   1.95 2.11 1.87
Minnesota 30,370 28,280 29,490   2,781,744 2,822,297 2,932,961   1.09 1.00 1.01
Mississippi 8,140 9,830 10,160   1,234,167 1,218,664 1,314,444   0.66 0.81 0.77
Missouri 21,070 22,870 25,950   2,821,802 2,885,857 3,012,126   0.75 0.79 0.86
Montana 2,580 2,840 3,570   456,624 478,162 506,159   0.57 0.59 0.71
Nebraska 5,810 5,820 6,350   940,047 945,270 995,635   0.62 0.62 0.64
Nevada 7,190 7,960 7,870   1,134,550 1,240,868 1,373,462   0.63 0.64 0.57
New Hampshire 7,890 8,090 7,870   693,648 711,512 738,858   1.14 1.14 1.07
New Jersey 37,850 38,130 40,720   4,177,841 4,309,021 4,496,727   0.91 0.88 0.91
New Mexico 12,170 10,870 11,500   850,164 895,623 959,458   1.43 1.21 1.20
New York 64,920 68,540 74,570   8,810,155 9,072,733 9,679,617   0.74 0.76 0.77
North Carolina 31,400 30,040 33,400   4,028,598 4,250,619 4,543,754   0.78 0.71 0.74
North Dakota 2,230 2,520 2,530   338,221 346,359 369,671   0.66 0.73 0.68
Ohio 62,560 57,810 60,120   5,507,404 5,609,056 5,971,874   1.14 1.03 1.01
Oklahoma 12,520 13,840 14,040   1,608,849 1,650,877 1,748,416   0.78 0.84 0.80
Oregon 18,500 NA 18,740   1,722,058 1,796,165 1,957,953   1.07 NA 0.96
Pennsylvania NA 61,620 63,340   5,889,957 6,009,858 6,394,884   NA 1.03 0.99
Rhode Island 5,270 5,430 5,150   531,121 547,618 567,597   0.99 0.99 0.91
South Carolina 21,260 22,460 22,750   1,900,122 1,988,378 2,152,965   1.12 1.13 1.06
South Dakota 2,050 2,210 2,440   409,263 417,100 444,890   0.50 0.53 0.55
Tennessee 21,100 21,230 23,130   2,733,793 2,835,530 3,041,276   0.77 0.75 0.76
Texas 120,810 123,990 146,520   10,456,224 10,921,673 11,701,585   1.16 1.14 1.25
Utah 11,560 13,090 14,350   1,169,163 1,272,801 1,383,743   0.99 1.03 1.04
Vermont 3,440 3,780 3,790   337,709 348,026 355,432   1.02 1.09 1.07
Virginia 47,180 50,780 54,280   3,704,593 3,878,988 4,124,766   1.27 1.31 1.32
Washington 45,140 49,840 55,490   3,008,352 3,160,350 3,476,766   1.50 1.58 1.60
West Virginia 4,920 5,230 5,320   744,034 767,134 806,152   0.66 0.68 0.66
Wisconsin 29,590 30,990 32,010   2,871,034 2,918,155 3,084,130   1.03 1.06 1.04
Wyoming 2,290 2,570 3,260   263,705 275,617 292,606   0.87 0.93 1.11
                       
Puerto Rico 7,290 8,280 7,990   1,226,251 1,260,703 1,366,307   0.59 0.66 0.58
 

NA = not available

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted. All 2008 workforce data with the exception of Puerto Rico reflect revised population controls and model reestimation.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010