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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce


Life and Physical Scientists as Share of Workforce


Quartiles

Life and physical scientists as share of workforce: 2008 (Percent)
 
1st quartile
(1.70% – 0.50%)
2nd quartile
(0.48% – 0.40%)
3rd quartile
(0.39% – 0.35%)
4th quartile
(0.33% – 0.20%)
No Data
 
Alaska‡ Connecticut Alabama‡ Arizona Kentucky‡
California Idaho‡ Indiana Arkansas‡ Louisiana‡
Colorado Kansas‡ Iowa Florida Michigan
Delaware‡ Minnesota Maine‡ Georgia Montana‡
District of Columbia North Carolina Mississippi‡ Illinois Washington
Hawaii‡ North Dakota‡ Missouri Nevada‡
Maryland Oregon Nebraska‡ New York
Massachusetts Pennsylvania New Hampshire‡ Ohio
New Jersey Texas Rhode Island‡ Oklahoma‡
New Mexico‡ Utah Virginia South Carolina‡
South Dakota‡ Vermont‡ West Virginia‡ Tennessee
Wyoming‡ Wisconsin
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.



Findings

  • About 621,000 individuals (0.40% of the workforce) were employed as life and physical scientists in the United States in 2008, similar to the 546,160 life and physical scientists employed in 2004, which represented 0.39% of the workforce.
  • In 2008, individual states had indicator values ranging from 0.20% to 1.04%, which showed major differences in the concentration of jobs in the life and physical sciences.
  • States with the highest concentrations of life and physical scientists in their workforces were uniformly distributed throughout the United States.
  • EPSCoR states appeared to be fairly evenly distributed throughout all four quartiles for this indicator.


Description

This indicator shows a state's ability to attract and retain life and physical scientists. Life scientists are identified from standard occupational codes that include agricultural and food scientists, biological scientists, conservation scientists and foresters, and medical scientists. Physical scientists are identified from standard occupational codes that include astronomers, physicists, atmospheric and space scientists, chemists, materials scientists, environmental scientists, and geoscientists. A high share of life and physical scientists in a state's workforce could indicate several scenarios, ranging from a robust cluster of life sciences companies to the presence of forests or national parks, which require foresters, wildlife specialists, and conservationists to manage the natural assets in these areas.

State data on individuals in S&E occupations come from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, which surveys states' workplaces and assigns workers to a state based on where they work. The survey is conducted as part of a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. State data on the size of the civilian workforce are BLS estimates based on the Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a state based on where they live.

Situations in which workers live in one state and work in another introduce some imprecision into the calculation of this indicator. The treatment of postsecondary teachers is another source of imprecision. Because OES data do not classify postsecondary teachers by field, in these data, faculty teaching in S&E fields are not counted as working in S&E occupations. Estimates for jurisdictions with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for jurisdictions with larger populations.

Data Table

Table 8-31
Life and physical scientists as share of workforce, by state: 2004, 2006, and 2008
 
  Life and physical scientists   Employed workforce   Life and physical scientists in workforce (%)
State 2004 2006 2008   2004 2006 2008   2004 2006 2008
 
United States 546,160 577,890 621,020   139,213,523 144,581,912 153,999,337   0.39 0.40 0.40
Alabama 5,630 5,690 7,570   2,014,678 2,120,573 2,162,479   0.28 0.27 0.35
Alaska 3,090 3,010 3,720   312,922 323,531 357,136   0.99 0.93 1.04
Arizona 6,940 6,460 7,660   2,649,243 2,854,381 3,132,667   0.26 0.23 0.24
Arkansas 2,890 2,880 3,180   1,228,163 1,292,886 1,370,259   0.24 0.22 0.23
California 68,020 72,590 92,000   16,444,457 17,029,307 18,391,844   0.41 0.43 0.50
Colorado NA 14,130 15,040   2,384,562 2,537,037 2,730,447   NA 0.56 0.55
Connecticut 8,460 7,750 7,550   1,714,758 1,765,075 1,876,125   0.49 0.44 0.40
Delaware 3,100 2,940 3,420   408,022 424,506 442,902   0.76 0.69 0.77
District of Columbia 5,860 6,370 5,650   285,567 296,957 332,703   2.05 2.15 1.70
Florida 20,490 22,100 22,280   8,056,259 8,692,761 9,231,462   0.25 0.25 0.24
Georgia 13,090 9,820 9,610   4,257,465 4,522,025 4,847,650   0.31 0.22 0.20
Hawaii 2,400 3,390 3,570   597,147 628,277 654,261   0.40 0.54 0.55
Idaho 9,930 3,860 3,100   670,746 723,621 754,879   1.48 0.53 0.41
Illinois 19,390 22,650 20,370   6,012,320 6,315,715 6,697,335   0.32 0.36 0.30
Indiana NA 10,350 11,530   3,017,271 3,108,806 3,230,367   NA 0.33 0.36
Iowa NA 5,390 5,900   1,542,342 1,602,849 1,675,981   NA 0.34 0.35
Kansas 4,640 NA 6,010   1,378,713 1,400,169 1,496,943   0.34 NA 0.40
Kentucky 5,300 4,990 NA   1,859,902 1,922,163 2,042,915   0.28 0.26 NA
Louisiana 6,130 6,090 NA   1,926,594 1,910,348 2,078,935   0.32 0.32 NA
Maine 2,430 2,650 2,750   661,163 678,843 706,829   0.37 0.39 0.39
Maryland 18,150 19,930 22,630   2,766,653 2,892,620 2,997,709   0.66 0.69 0.75
Massachusetts 20,700 23,260 26,930   3,204,653 3,234,860 3,424,018   0.65 0.72 0.79
Michigan 10,340 12,940 NA   4,694,981 4,730,291 4,935,584   0.22 0.27 NA
Minnesota 11,700 13,450 13,990   2,781,744 2,822,297 2,932,961   0.42 0.48 0.48
Mississippi 4,540 4,490 4,890   1,234,167 1,218,664 1,314,444   0.37 0.37 0.37
Missouri 9,920 10,190 10,620   2,821,802 2,885,857 3,012,126   0.35 0.35 0.35
Montana 3,050 3,450 NA   456,624 478,162 506,159   0.67 0.72 NA
Nebraska 4,280 4,350 3,580   940,047 945,270 995,635   0.46 0.46 0.36
Nevada 3,210 3,460 3,400   1,134,550 1,240,868 1,373,462   0.28 0.28 0.25
New Hampshire 1,870 2,250 2,690   693,648 711,512 738,858   0.27 0.32 0.36
New Jersey 19,710 NA 25,170   4,177,841 4,309,021 4,496,727   0.47 NA 0.56
New Mexico 7,550 5,380 6,870   850,164 895,623 959,458   0.89 0.60 0.72
New York NA 31,280 28,460   8,810,155 9,072,733 9,679,617   NA 0.34 0.29
North Carolina 19,190 NA 21,860   4,028,598 4,250,619 4,543,754   0.48 NA 0.48
North Dakota 1,570 1,610 1,650   338,221 346,359 369,671   0.46 0.46 0.45
Ohio 15,020 17,320 19,040   5,507,404 5,609,056 5,971,874   0.27 0.31 0.32
Oklahoma NA 7,010 5,720   1,608,849 1,650,877 1,748,416   NA 0.42 0.33
Oregon 7,990 NA 9,170   1,722,058 1,796,165 1,957,953   0.46 NA 0.47
Pennsylvania 25,460 NA 28,610   5,889,957 6,009,858 6,394,884   0.43 NA 0.45
Rhode Island 2,790 2,120 2,080   531,121 547,618 567,597   0.53 0.39 0.37
South Carolina 5,190 5,680 5,220   1,900,122 1,988,378 2,152,965   0.27 0.29 0.24
South Dakota 1,770 1,900 2,350   409,263 417,100 444,890   0.43 0.46 0.53
Tennessee 7,380 7,680 7,920   2,733,793 2,835,530 3,041,276   0.27 0.27 0.26
Texas 47,540 50,040 46,710   10,456,224 10,921,673 11,701,585   0.45 0.46 0.40
Utah 5,820 6,330 6,520   1,169,163 1,272,801 1,383,743   0.50 0.50 0.47
Vermont 1,250 1,480 1,460   337,709 348,026 355,432   0.37 0.43 0.41
Virginia NA 15,370 14,810   3,704,593 3,878,988 4,124,766   NA 0.40 0.36
Washington NA 20,590 NA   3,008,352 3,160,350 3,476,766   NA 0.65 NA
West Virginia 2,850 3,230 2,890   744,034 767,134 806,152   0.38 0.42 0.36
Wisconsin 11,660 13,000 14,580   2,871,034 2,918,155 3,084,130   0.41 0.45 0.47
Wyoming 1,840 2,070 2,320   263,705 275,617 292,606   0.70 0.75 0.79
                       
Puerto Rico 4,840 5,470 5,380   1,226,251 1,260,703 1,366,307   0.39 0.43 0.39
 

NA = not available

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted. All 2008 workforce data with the exception of Puerto Rico reflect revised population controls and model reestimation.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010