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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Financial Research and Development Inputs


State Agency R&D Expenditures per Civilian Worker


Quartiles

State agency R&D expenditures per civilian worker: 2007 (Dollars)
 
1st quartile
($69.87 – $14.02)
2nd quartile
($13.97 – $6.19)
3rd quartile
($6.10 – $3.73)
4th quartile
($3.49 – $0.74)
 
Alaska‡ Arizona Arkansas‡ Alabama‡
Connecticut District of Columbia California Georgia
Hawaii‡ Florida Colorado Louisiana‡
Maine‡ Illinois Delaware‡ Massachusetts
Maryland Indiana Idaho‡ Mississippi‡
Montana‡ Kansas‡ Iowa Nevada‡
New York Kentucky‡ Minnesota New Hampshire‡
North Dakota‡ Michigan Missouri New Mexico‡
Ohio New Jersey Nebraska‡ Rhode Island‡
Pennsylvania North Carolina Oregon Tennessee
South Carolina‡ Oklahoma‡ Vermont‡ Texas
West Virginia‡ South Dakota‡ Virginia Utah
Wyoming‡ Washington Wisconsin
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of State Research and Development Expenditures; and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In 2007, state government agency R&D expenditures averaged $8.42 per civilian worker nationwide.
  • State agency R&D funding per civilian worker across the United States was approximately 1% of the $764 in federal R&D obligations per worker in 2007.
  • State agency R&D spending per civilian worker varied greatly among the states in 2007, ranging from a high of $69.87 to a low of $0.74.
  • A number of EPSCoR states had high values for this indicator.


Description

This indicator measures the extent of R&D activity funded by state government agencies relative to the size of the state's civilian workforce. State R&D expenditures include state-administered funds from all sources that support R&D performed by either a state agency or an external performer.

Data on state R&D funding come from National Science Foundation surveys of state agencies covering 2006 and 2007 expenditures. The data cover funding administered by state government departments, agencies, independent commissions, and other state-run entities. They exclude state-run colleges and universities as well as laboratories or experiment stations controlled by state universities; funding administered by these institutions is classified as academic R&D. The data also exclude state legislatures' direct appropriations to nonstate agencies. Although the surveys are limited to R&D activities, the data may include some expenditures for non-R&D activities such as commercialization, environmental testing, and routine survey work.

The size of a state's civilian workforce is a nonseasonally adjusted annual estimate of employed workers based on the Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Estimates for states with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations.

Data Table

Table 8-37
State agency R&D expenditures per civilian worker, by state: 2006 and 2007
 
  State agency R&D expenditures
(current $)
  Civilian workers   State agency R&D expenditures/
civilian worker ($)
State 2006 2007   2006 2007   2006 2007
 
United States 1,022,475,684 1,225,775,834   144,581,912 145,595,173   7.07 8.42
Alabama 7,269,319 7,340,365   2,120,573 2,105,951   3.43 3.49
Alaska 10,019,060 9,526,100   323,531 330,587   30.97 28.82
Arizona 37,151,471 20,442,635   2,854,381 2,913,695   13.02 7.02
Arkansas 4,869,648 7,658,199   1,292,886 1,293,852   3.77 5.92
California 107,793,045 91,842,652   17,029,307 17,208,903   6.33 5.34
Colorado 8,997,236 11,924,981   2,537,037 2,602,015   3.55 4.58
Connecticut 19,209,064 29,285,710   1,765,075 1,780,473   10.88 16.45
Delaware 2,812,102 2,611,108   424,506 427,766   6.62 6.1
District of Columbia 1,173,076 2,009,000   296,957 307,049   3.95 6.54
Florida 42,329,624 96,968,573   8,692,761 8,779,299   4.87 11.05
Georgia 10,620,188 4,886,946   4,522,025 4,602,947   2.35 1.06
Hawaii 12,067,849 22,643,330   628,277 631,911   19.21 35.83
Idaho 2,280,873 2,739,006   723,621 733,652   3.15 3.73
Illinois 37,184,281 41,974,809   6,315,715 6,361,750   5.89 6.6
Indiana 6,220,575 40,534,381   3,108,806 3,065,590   2 13.22
Iowa 13,564,062 6,790,053   1,602,849 1,598,261   8.46 4.25
Kansas 14,348,384 11,752,696   1,400,169 1,418,666   10.25 8.28
Kentucky 17,558,997 11,960,634   1,922,163 1,932,028   9.14 6.19
Louisiana 11,216,568 6,587,314   1,910,348 1,921,343   5.87 3.43
Maine 17,509,051 27,525,552   678,843 671,337   25.79 41
Maryland 24,945,119 40,298,691   2,892,620 2,873,512   8.62 14.02
Massachusetts 10,729,419 5,600,189   3,234,860 3,255,611   3.32 1.72
Michigan 75,016,589 32,849,159   4,730,291 4,659,927   15.86 7.05
Minnesota 6,219,201 10,529,048   2,822,297 2,796,737   2.2 3.76
Mississippi 2,744,882 2,893,892   1,218,664 1,231,743   2.25 2.35
Missouri 18,465,303 15,567,277   2,885,857 2,878,399   6.4 5.41
Montana 8,606,319 8,200,230   478,162 485,615   18 16.89
Nebraska 5,602,163 4,043,480   945,270 953,769   5.93 4.24
Nevada 1,397,463 1,748,776   1,240,868 1,271,472   1.13 1.38
New Hampshire 2,040,544 1,685,178   711,512 712,048   2.87 2.37
New Jersey 25,900,482 59,747,701   4,309,021 4,276,561   6.01 13.97
New Mexico 3,105,000 672,921   895,623 909,968   3.47 0.74
New York 103,597,135 128,361,166   9,072,733 9,087,278   11.42 14.13
North Carolina 14,344,310 37,607,109   4,250,619 4,308,624   3.37 8.73
North Dakota 21,062,090 9,908,722   346,359 354,003   60.81 27.99
Ohio 55,068,629 114,086,509   5,609,056 5,640,081   9.82 20.23
Oklahoma 8,922,036 10,731,050   1,650,877 1,657,964   5.4 6.47
Oregon 7,382,722 7,389,914   1,796,165 1,827,285   4.11 4.04
Pennsylvania 117,320,158 103,973,448   6,009,858 6,013,406   19.52 17.29
Rhode Island 150,000 1,771,949   547,618 547,927   0.27 3.23
South Carolina 22,427,746 31,493,843   1,988,378 2,011,255   11.28 15.66
South Dakota 5,791,586 5,473,603   417,100 429,495   13.89 12.74
Tennessee 5,355,000 4,549,998   2,835,530 2,893,748   1.89 1.57
Texas 28,019,645 29,650,947   10,921,673 10,992,828   2.57 2.7
Utah 3,214,170 2,752,228   1,272,801 1,325,480   2.53 2.08
Vermont 1,680,533 1,529,805   348,026 340,073   4.83 4.5
Virginia 11,579,623 15,486,526   3,878,988 3,930,984   2.99 3.94
Washington 22,834,218 23,333,431   3,160,350 3,253,475   7.23 7.17
West Virginia 6,024,577 22,179,830   767,134 771,837   7.85 28.74
Wisconsin 10,949,155 12,828,572   2,918,155 2,937,903   3.75 4.37
Wyoming 6,326,604 19,500,357   275,617 279,090   22.95 69.87
                 
Puerto Rico 1,458,790 2,326,241   1,260,703 1,241,426   1.16 1.87
 

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of State Research and Development Expenditures (FY 2006 and FY 2007); Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics; and Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010