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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Science and Technology in the Economy


Employment in High-Technology Establishments as Share of Total Employment


Quartiles

Employment in high-technology establishments as share of total employment: 2006 (Percent)
 
1st quartile
(16.32% – 12.45%)
2nd quartile
(12.30% – 10.58%)
3rd quartile
(10.56% – 8.21%)
4th quartile
(8.07% – 5.63%)
 
California Alaska‡ Alabama‡ Hawaii‡
Colorado Delaware‡ Arizona Iowa
Connecticut Georgia Arkansas‡ Kentucky‡
District of Columbia Idaho‡ Florida Maine‡
Kansas‡ Illinois Indiana Mississippi‡
Maryland Missouri Louisiana‡ Montana‡
Massachusetts New Hampshire‡ Nebraska‡ Nevada‡
Michigan New Mexico‡ New York North Dakota‡
Minnesota Ohio North Carolina South Dakota‡
New Jersey Oklahoma‡ Rhode Island‡ West Virginia‡
Texas Oregon South Carolina‡ Wyoming‡
Virginia Pennsylvania Tennessee
Washington Utah Vermont‡
Wisconsin
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCE: Census Bureau, Business Information Tracking Series, special tabulations. See Data Table.



Findings

  • Employment in high-technology industries in the United States remained fairly steady between 2003 and 2006, at 13 million.
  • Nationwide, the value of this indicator declined about 4%, from 11.96 in 2003 to 11.45 in 2006, as total employment grew during this period.
  • On this indicator, states varied greatly in 2006, ranging from 5.6% to 16.3% of their workforce employed in high-technology industries.
  • During the 2003–06 period, Washington, New York, Illinois, and Michigan recorded the largest net losses of jobs in high-technology industries, while California, Virginia, Florida, and Massachusetts posted the largest net gains of jobs in high-technology industries.
  • States were distributed similarly on the high-technology employment and high-technology establishment indicators. EPSCoR states tended to have smaller percentages of their workforces employed in high-technology industries.


Description

This indicator measures the extent to which a state's workforce is employed in high-technology industries. High-technology industries are defined as those in which the proportion of employees in technology-oriented occupations is at least twice the average proportion for all industries.

The data pertaining to establishments are based on their classification according to the 2002 edition of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). See table 8-A in the "Introduction" for a list of the 46 industries (by 4-digit NAICS code) that are defined as high technology. Data for years prior to 2002 are not directly comparable.

Data Table

Table 8-48
Employment in high-technology establishments as share of total employment, by state: 2003, 2004, and 2006
 
  Employment in high-technology establishments   All employment   High-technology/all employment (%)
State 2003 2004 2006   2003 2004 2006   2003 2004 2006
 
United States 13,563,122 13,356,596 13,733,632   113,373,663 115,049,548 119,892,505   11.96 11.61 11.45
Alabama 152,879 158,927 162,197   1,597,265 1,628,733 1,713,185   9.57 9.76 9.47
Alaska 21,851 22,107 27,306   216,707 223,099 241,568   10.08 9.91 11.30
Arizona 234,603 238,462 246,648   1,997,990 2,043,729 2,334,665   11.74 11.67 10.56
Arkansas 95,180 101,124 93,648   988,822 1,007,283 1,041,868   9.63 10.04 8.99
California 1,781,830 1,767,202 1,826,638   12,986,496 13,260,306 13,830,274   13.72 13.33 13.21
Colorado 274,979 265,613 272,952   1,883,883 1,908,126 2,018,905   14.60 13.92 13.52
Connecticut 210,114 204,107 198,450   1,550,615 1,537,160 1,585,660   13.55 13.28 12.52
Delaware 52,349 54,164 47,749   385,098 391,647 388,178   13.59 13.83 12.30
District of Columbia 54,314 57,250 57,297   422,912 436,791 446,502   12.84 13.11 12.83
Florida 576,274 587,452 618,540   6,548,276 6,863,196 7,534,165   8.80 8.56 8.21
Georgia 413,384 411,977 428,272   3,386,590 3,451,802 3,622,522   12.21 11.94 11.82
Hawaii 25,777 26,203 28,848   458,952 473,181 512,488   5.62 5.54 5.63
Idaho 55,706 53,738 59,082   466,379 488,557 546,108   11.94 11.00 10.82
Illinois 646,285 617,306 619,777   5,204,887 5,216,180 5,356,504   12.42 11.83 11.57
Indiana 219,598 219,694 224,644   2,540,554 2,586,282 2,672,558   8.64 8.49 8.41
Iowa 102,387 96,100 96,190   1,232,709 1,241,688 1,295,143   8.31 7.74 7.43
Kansas 155,023 153,046 146,849   1,109,699 1,115,930 1,142,487   13.97 13.71 12.85
Kentucky 121,838 119,167 125,204   1,471,622 1,489,285 1,551,791   8.28 8.00 8.07
Louisiana 137,029 129,722 143,846   1,603,492 1,623,431 1,592,682   8.55 7.99 9.03
Maine 35,184 36,221 37,934   488,788 494,165 508,061   7.20 7.33 7.47
Maryland 315,887 323,966 326,546   2,088,552 2,151,093 2,231,888   15.12 15.06 14.63
Massachusetts 460,984 455,749 496,630   2,974,164 2,979,251 3,043,643   15.50 15.30 16.32
Michigan 499,133 486,706 475,350   3,884,881 3,895,217 3,817,762   12.85 12.49 12.45
Minnesota 315,994 309,303 329,927   2,381,860 2,392,481 2,475,859   13.27 12.93 13.33
Mississippi 66,566 61,858 64,558   912,004 928,181 940,329   7.30 6.66 6.87
Missouri 254,299 257,290 263,494   2,387,245 2,420,994 2,467,626   10.65 10.63 10.68
Montana 20,296 20,452 26,958   302,932 314,806 342,461   6.70 6.50 7.87
Nebraska 68,975 69,724 64,779   774,858 774,187 789,117   8.90 9.01 8.21
Nevada 61,847 64,648 66,875   970,678 1,021,842 1,165,243   6.37 6.33 5.74
New Hampshire 63,264 63,907 64,914   540,132 550,869 577,322   11.71 11.60 11.24
New Jersey 550,224 558,921 550,515   3,578,674 3,609,297 3,644,967   15.38 15.49 15.10
New Mexico 60,399 61,149 68,627   571,057 580,443 628,472   10.58 10.53 10.92
New York 823,992 798,462 790,696   7,415,430 7,431,893 7,531,772   11.11 10.74 10.50
North Carolina 349,424 345,316 358,501   3,337,552 3,365,050 3,523,954   10.47 10.26 10.17
North Dakota 20,584 20,176 22,450   258,878 265,632 278,395   7.95 7.60 8.06
Ohio 531,491 512,352 518,835   4,769,406 4,761,492 4,824,859   11.14 10.76 10.75
Oklahoma 132,887 133,871 141,575   1,184,312 1,194,830 1,276,743   11.22 11.20 11.09
Oregon 152,140 147,549 161,641   1,338,380 1,355,101 1,461,339   11.37 10.89 11.06
Pennsylvania 566,406 551,971 549,180   5,028,650 5,106,171 5,189,349   11.26 10.81 10.58
Rhode Island 35,806 36,577 41,020   427,369 434,600 440,715   8.38 8.42 9.31
South Carolina 163,373 164,035 170,200   1,550,227 1,560,401 1,631,690   10.54 10.51 10.43
South Dakota 18,890 19,897 20,202   299,723 307,944 325,045   6.30 6.46 6.22
Tennessee 219,898 217,191 245,517   2,298,836 2,346,903 2,472,939   9.57 9.25 9.93
Texas 1,158,481 1,101,175 1,144,997   8,049,300 8,116,465 8,709,575   14.39 13.57 13.15
Utah 99,856 101,547 114,815   900,331 934,939 1,038,879   11.09 10.86 11.05
Vermont 29,402 27,572 27,001   256,401 256,040 263,759   11.47 10.77 10.24
Virginia 459,017 489,703 502,890   2,932,471 3,054,221 3,173,767   15.65 16.03 15.85
Washington 401,413 329,698 347,710   2,292,462 2,268,155 2,420,633   17.51 14.54 14.36
West Virginia 46,635 46,172 45,284   561,317 568,581 583,033   8.31 8.12 7.77
Wisconsin 233,967 245,257 253,499   2,382,979 2,434,580 2,481,998   9.82 10.07 10.21
Wyoming 15,008 14,820 16,375   180,866 187,318 204,058   8.30 7.91 8.02
                       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA   NA NA NA   NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

SOURCE: Census Bureau, 1989–2006 Business Information Tracking Series, special tabulations.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010