Table 8-40
Academic R&D per $1,000 of gross domestic product, by state: 1998, 2003, and 2008
 
  Academic R&D (current $thousands)   State GDP (current $millions)   Academic R&D ($)/$1,000 GDP
State 1998 2003 2008   1998 2003 2008   1998 2003 2008
 
EPSCoR states 3,441,370 5,430,010 6,948,937   1,231,448 1,540,024 2,068,625   2.79 3.53 3.36
Non-EPSCoR states 22,097,707 34,288,279 44,466,163   7,396,530 9,274,429 11,999,705   2.99 3.70 3.71
Average EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   2.84 3.69 3.51
Average non-EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   3.18 3.90 3.90
United States 25,771,999 39,999,163 51,784,120   8,679,657 10,886,172 14,165,565   2.97 3.67 3.66
Alabama 442,088 550,756 707,801   106,656 130,210 170,014   4.14 4.23 4.16
Alaska 76,358 142,413 111,418   23,165 31,219 47,912   3.30 4.56 2.33
Arizona 405,999 617,978 831,192   137,581 182,011 248,888   2.95 3.40 3.34
Arkansas 117,108 183,908 246,786   61,861 75,685 98,331   1.89 2.43 2.51
California 3,392,094 5,357,900 7,026,354   1,085,884 1,406,511 1,846,757   3.12 3.81 3.80
Colorado 489,419 694,862 924,073   143,160 187,397 248,603   3.42 3.71 3.72
Connecticut 406,618 594,507 731,711   145,373 169,885 216,174   2.80 3.50 3.38
Delaware 72,779 104,650 133,231   36,831 48,587 61,828   1.98 2.15 2.15
District of Columbia 232,922 280,874 369,020   51,682 71,719 97,235   4.51 3.92 3.80
Florida 712,704 1,204,592 1,591,774   417,169 559,021 744,120   1.71 2.15 2.14
Georgia 804,151 1,176,523 1,521,486   255,612 317,922 397,756   3.15 3.70 3.83
Hawaii 148,007 184,602 278,751   37,549 46,441 63,847   3.94 3.97 4.37
Idaho 72,395 105,039 113,482   29,800 38,148 52,747   2.43 2.75 2.15
Illinois 1,030,955 1,614,270 1,972,752   423,855 510,296 633,697   2.43 3.16 3.11
Indiana 426,328 725,752 954,188   178,909 215,434 254,861   2.38 3.37 3.74
Iowa 358,613 498,669 527,769   83,665 102,210 135,702   4.29 4.88 3.89
Kansas 213,250 310,111 403,512   76,005 93,560 122,731   2.81 3.31 3.29
Kentucky 241,520 377,635 506,057   108,813 124,892 156,436   2.22 3.02 3.23
Louisiana 354,011 514,403 660,139   118,085 146,726 222,218   3.00 3.51 2.97
Maine 35,265 83,935 128,090   31,731 40,152 49,709   1.11 2.09 2.58
Maryland 1,330,288 2,040,747 2,747,001   161,954 213,306 273,333   8.21 9.57 10.05
Massachusetts 1,348,220 1,821,924 2,271,757   236,079 293,840 364,988   5.71 6.20 6.22
Michigan 882,700 1,390,083 1,593,654   309,431 359,030 382,544   2.85 3.87 4.17
Minnesota 367,779 517,912 698,920   164,897 208,179 262,847   2.23 2.49 2.66
Mississippi 152,683 324,236 406,459   60,513 72,259 91,782   2.52 4.49 4.43
Missouri 484,502 807,075 960,171   164,267 195,547 237,797   2.95 4.13 4.04
Montana 76,655 141,220 185,791   19,884 25,526 35,891   3.86 5.53 5.18
Nebraska 186,320 300,540 376,092   52,076 64,628 83,273   3.58 4.65 4.52
Nevada 83,888 154,515 190,893   63,635 87,828 131,233   1.32 1.76 1.45
New Hampshire 117,323 252,210 302,008   39,102 48,198 60,005   3.00 5.23 5.03
New Jersey 484,942 754,426 876,698   314,117 389,077 474,936   1.54 1.94 1.85
New Mexico 228,740 306,636 416,991   45,918 57,469 79,901   4.98 5.34 5.22
New York 1,929,694 3,078,092 4,044,815   686,906 850,243 1,144,481   2.81 3.62 3.53
North Carolina 899,507 1,397,859 1,980,833   242,904 306,018 400,192   3.70 4.57 4.95
North Dakota 56,945 133,615 180,764   16,936 21,672 31,208   3.36 6.17 5.79
Ohio 810,225 1,268,397 1,827,042   348,723 402,399 471,508   2.32 3.15 3.87
Oklahoma 208,873 295,098 333,230   79,341 103,452 146,448   2.63 2.85 2.28
Oregon 314,355 436,958 594,945   100,951 121,638 161,573   3.11 3.59 3.68
Pennsylvania 1,348,936 2,014,842 2,604,118   361,800 440,704 553,301   3.73 4.57 4.71
Rhode Island 111,979 187,131 236,627   29,537 39,357 47,364   3.79 4.75 5.00
South Carolina 248,474 435,328 576,219   102,945 127,885 156,384   2.41 3.40 3.68
South Dakota 25,474 49,977 91,797   20,771 27,418 36,959   1.23 1.82 2.48
Tennessee 346,742 600,004 787,122   160,872 200,279 252,127   2.16 3.00 3.12
Texas 1,697,344 2,764,769 3,744,182   629,209 828,797 1,223,511   2.70 3.34 3.06
Utah 249,147 385,158 425,683   60,168 75,428 109,777   4.14 5.11 3.88
Vermont 58,585 106,581 117,210   15,935 20,575 25,442   3.68 5.18 4.61
Virginia 497,209 776,067 1,052,601   226,569 302,540 397,025   2.19 2.57 2.65
Washington 543,239 871,113 1,058,170   195,794 240,813 322,778   2.77 3.62 3.28
West Virginia 64,150 125,417 170,869   39,500 46,452 61,652   1.62 2.70 2.77
Wisconsin 535,997 877,800 1,117,152   160,681 195,904 240,429   3.34 4.48 4.65
Wyoming 48,500 60,054 74,720   14,859 21,685 35,310   3.26 2.77 2.12
                       
Puerto Rico 87,592 78,410 100,401   54,086 74,827 NA   1.62 1.05 NA
 

na = not applicable; NA = not available

EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research; GDP = gross domestic product

NOTES: Academic R&D reported for institutions with R&D over $150,000. For Maryland, academic R&D excludes R&D performed by Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University. For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Academic Research and Development Expenditures (various years); Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product data; and Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data