Table 8-45
Patents awarded per 1,000 individuals in S&E occupations, by state: 2004, 2006, and 2008
 
  Patents awarded   Individuals in S&E occupations   Patents/1,000 individuals in S&E occupations
State 2004 2006 2008   2004 2006 2008   2004 2006 2008
 
United States 84,249 89,795 77,479   5,085,740 5,407,710 5,781,460   16.6 16.6 13.4
Alabama 375 357 279   57,560 66,100 68,580   6.5 5.4 4.1
Alaska 39 36 20   10,660 10,720 13,260   3.7 3.4 1.5
Arizona 1,621 1,705 1,584   95,380 98,110 102,100   17.0 17.4 15.5
Arkansas 132 138 108   22,150 24,860 29,310   6.0 5.6 3.7
California 19,488 22,275 19,181   693,670 730,010 791,750   28.1 30.5 24.2
Colorado 2,099 2,118 1,622   126,280 133,730 147,000   16.6 15.8 11.0
Connecticut 1,577 1,652 1,356   82,820 79,380 80,290   19.0 20.8 16.9
Delaware 342 357 325   17,980 21,550 22,330   19.0 16.6 14.6
District of Columbia 75 63 68   57,750 64,120 63,360   1.3 1.0 1.1
Florida 2,456 2,600 2,046   229,950 246,190 248,200   10.7 10.6 8.2
Georgia 1,326 1,487 1,344   141,710 136,470 147,380   9.4 10.9 9.1
Hawaii 76 84 77   16,360 18,940 18,830   4.6 4.4 4.1
Idaho 1,785 1,663 1,162   22,310 NA 23,310   80.0 NA 49.8
Illinois 3,162 3,294 2,741   219,530 222,470 224,370   14.4 14.8 12.2
Indiana 1,280 1,165 985   79,120 80,110 90,840   16.2 14.5 10.8
Iowa 658 666 561   39,280 43,670 46,180   16.8 15.3 12.1
Kansas 448 492 425   52,020 48,620 54,260   8.6 10.1 7.8
Kentucky 407 413 413   44,350 44,680 NA   9.2 9.2 NA
Louisiana 343 321 260   42,230 40,180 41,790   8.1 8.0 6.2
Maine 134 142 113   15,160 15,950 17,000   8.8 8.9 6.6
Maryland 1,313 1,410 1,232   154,310 159,470 167,070   8.5 8.8 7.4
Massachusetts 3,672 4,011 3,516   186,260 198,670 217,310   19.7 20.2 16.2
Michigan 3,756 3,758 2,996   183,140 208,520 204,290   20.5 18.0 14.7
Minnesota 2,754 2,957 2,535   119,380 125,930 134,440   23.1 23.5 18.9
Mississippi 136 119 102   23,190 24,910 27,270   5.9 4.8 3.7
Missouri 768 721 615   87,200 96,420 105,390   8.8 7.5 5.8
Montana 119 121 91   11,390 13,010 NA   10.4 9.3 NA
Nebraska 191 186 191   31,720 32,500 31,820   6.0 5.7 6.0
Nevada 410 386 375   23,980 26,930 27,300   17.1 14.3 13.7
New Hampshire 626 602 477   24,350 27,680 29,150   25.7 21.7 16.4
New Jersey 2,957 3,172 2,722   165,150 176,460 198,060   17.9 18.0 13.7
New Mexico 370 344 280   33,500 30,800 34,560   11.0 11.2 8.1
New York 5,846 5,627 4,885   272,930 306,810 326,510   21.4 18.3 15.0
North Carolina 1,794 1,974 1,841   135,380 138,790 153,680   13.3 14.2 12.0
North Dakota 53 66 63   8,420 9,360 9,450   6.3 7.1 6.7
Ohio 2,889 2,630 2,227   180,360 185,190 206,320   16.0 14.2 10.8
Oklahoma 447 544 417   NA 50,770 48,900   NA 10.7 8.5
Oregon 1,725 2,060 1,781   62,570 64,520 70,070   27.6 31.9 25.4
Pennsylvania 2,883 2,842 2,414   195,730 214,910 227,170   14.7 13.2 10.6
Rhode Island 309 269 218   19,660 18,060 18,090   15.7 14.9 12.1
South Carolina 524 577 395   51,030 53,230 57,770   10.3 10.8 6.8
South Dakota 82 74 54   9,420 10,120 11,870   8.7 7.3 4.5
Tennessee 681 669 586   65,120 67,040 72,760   10.5 10.0 8.1
Texas 5,930 6,308 5,712   383,180 408,710 463,850   15.5 15.4 12.3
Utah 683 684 642   43,030 49,690 52,570   15.9 13.8 12.2
Vermont 400 437 437   11,770 12,780 12,360   34.0 34.2 35.4
Virginia 1,077 1,094 1,030   220,180 251,720 259,280   4.9 4.3 4.0
Washington 2,221 3,286 3,517   154,610 171,780 NA   14.4 19.1 NA
West Virginia 100 103 74   16,100 17,150 17,000   6.2 6.0 4.4
Wisconsin 1,658 1,688 1,349   95,230 96,860 101,680   17.4 17.4 13.3
Wyoming 52 48 35   6,760 7,640 8,850   7.7 6.3 4.0
                       
Puerto Rico 19 25 NA   20,410 23,850 22,970   0.9 1.0 NA
 

NA = not available

NOTES: Origin of utility patent determined by residence of first-named inventor. National total for S&E occupations in the United States provided by Occupational Employment Statistics (OES). OES estimates for 2004, 2006, and 2008 S&E occupations based on May data.

SOURCES: Patent and Trademark Office, Electronic Information Products Division/Patent Technology Monitoring Branch, Patent Counts by Country/State and Year, Utility Patents, January 1, 1963–December 31, 2008; and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data