Table 3-12
Employed S&E degree holders with R&D work activities, by occupation: 2008
 
  Employed S&E degree holders   R&D at least 10% of work time   R&D as major work activity
Occupation Number Percent   Number Percent R&D
activity
rate (%)
  Number Percent R&D
activity
rate (%)
 
All occupations 14,145,000 100.0   7,670,000 100.0 54.2   4,403,000 100.0 31.1
S&E occupations 4,275,000 30.2   3,397,000 44.3 79.5   2,590,000 58.8 60.6
Biological, agricultural, environmental
life scientists
455,000 3.2   399,000 5.2 87.8   338,000 7.7 74.3
Computer and mathematical
scientists
1,577,000 11.1   1,163,000 15.2 73.7   811,000 18.4 51.4
Physical scientists 308,000 2.2   263,000 3.4 85.5   219,000 5.0 71.1
Social scientists 449,000 3.2   303,000 4.0 67.6   228,000 5.2 50.7
Engineers 1,487,000 10.5   1,268,000 16.5 85.3   994,000 22.6 66.8
S&E-related occupations 2,507,000 17.7   1,258,000 16.4 50.2   631,000 14.3 25.2
Non-S&E occupations 7,363,000 52.1   3,015,000 39.3 40.9   1,182,000 26.8 16.1
 

NOTE: Detail may not add to total because of rounding. R&D as major work activity includes those reporting basic research, applied research, design, or development as activities they spent the most or second-most hours engaged in during a typical work week.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT) (2008), http://sestat.nsf.gov.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012