Table 3-14
Patenting indicators for employed U.S.-trained SEH doctorate holders, by field of doctorate: 2003–08
 
Indicator   All fields Biological sciences Computer/ information sciences Mathematics/ statistics Physical sciences Psychology Social sciences Engineering Health
 
Employed U.S. SEH doctorates   651,168 163,981 16,152 30,035 115,376 99,157 81,596 115,994 28,878
Patent applicants   105,196 26,159 4,780 2,034 30,621 1,010 591 38,368 1,632
Patent activity rate (%)   16.2 17.2 15.1 5.4 25.0 1.0 8.0 38.6 6.7
Patent grantees   73,169 16,905 3,064 1,367 22,664 677 343 27,047 1,099
Patent commercializers   40,365 7,779 1,787 692 12,256 349 255 16,593 653
Grantee's commercialization success rate (%)   55.2 46.0 58.3 50.6 54.1 51.6 74.3 61.3 59.4
Average number                    
Applications   5.18 3.63 5.08 4.89 5.87 2.35 3.56 5.91 2.82
Patents granted   2.92 1.77 2.45 2.66 3.57 1.38 1.24 3.40 1.32
Commercialized products, processes, or licenses   1.16 0.69 1.49 1.06 1.14 0.66 0.79 1.50 0.69
Number of patents                    
Applied for   545,058 95,080 24,312 9,940 179,737 2,378 2,113 227,002 4,609
Granted   307,583 46,199 11,682 5,405 109,389 1,395 729 130,686 2,160
Commercialized   122,182 18,055 7,114 2,147 34,914 673 464 57,700 1,131
Patent commercialization success rate (%)   39.7 39.1 60.9 39.7 31.9 48.2 63.6 43.9 52.4
 

SEH = science, engineering, and health

NOTES: Patenting indicators include activities between October 2003 and October 2008. Patenting indicators defined in Morgan R, Kruytbosch C, Kannankutty N, Patenting and invention activity of U.S. scientists and engineers in the academic sector: Comparisons to industry, Journal of Technology Transfer 26:173–83 (2001). Biological sciences includes agricultural and environmental life sciences.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients (2008), http://sestat.nsf.gov.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012