Table 4-8
Business R&D performed in the United States by the company, paid for by the company and by others, by industry group: 2008
(Millions of U.S. dollars)
 
             R&D paid for by others
Industry   Total R&D paid for by the company   Total   U.S. federal government   Nonfederal sources
 
All   290,681   232,505   58,176   36,360   21,816
Highlighted industries   225,813  L 173,318   52,495  L 34,788  L 17,707
Chemicals   58,249   55,042   3,207   197   3,010
Basic chemicals   4,074   4,012   62   33   29
Pharmaceuticals and medicines   48,131   45,169   2,962   137   2,825
Soap, cleaning compound, and toilet preparation   2,108   2,099   9   6   3
Other chemicals   3,936   3,762   174   21   153
Software and computer-related servicesa   46,935   42,727   4,208   961   3,247
Software publishers   28,221   27,665   556   176   380
Computer systems design and related services   12,146   8,569   3,577   784   2,793
Internet service providers, web search portals, and data processing services   6,568   6,493   75   1   74
Computer and electronic productsb   45,003   42,449   2,554   1,011   1,543
Communications equipment   12,903   11,484   1,419   D   D
Semiconductor and other electronic components   22,324   21,588   736   D   D
Computer and peripheral equipment and other computer and electronic products   9,776   9,377   399   D   D
Aerospace and defense manufacturingc   40,712   10,371   30,341  i 29,576  i 765
Aerospace products and parts   36,941   10,371   26,570  i 25,805  i 765
Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments (U.S. federal government funded only)   3,635     3,635   3,635  
Transportation equipment (U.S. federal government funded only)   136     136  i 136  i
R&D and related servicesd   21,335   10,086   11,249   3,043   8,206
Architectural, engineering, and related services   3,422   1,378   2,044   928   1,116
Scientific research and development services   17,913   8,708   9,205   2,115   7,090
Automotive manufacturinge   13,579  L 12,643   936  L D   936
Automobiles, bodies, trailers, and parts   13,140  L 12,234   906  L D   906
Other transportation equipment (not aerospace or defense related)   439  L 409   30  L D   30
All other   64,868  L 59,187   5,681  L 1,572  L 4,109
 

D = suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information; i = more than 50% of the estimate is a combination of imputation and reweighting to account for nonresponse; L = lower-bound estimate, potential disclosure of individual company operations only allows lower-bound estimates for some industry groups

NAICS = North American Industry Classification System

aIncludes domestic R&D performance for software publishers (NAICS 5112), computer systems design and related service industries (NAICS 5415), and Internet service providers, web search portals, and data processing services (NAICS 518).
bIncludes domestic R&D performance for the computer and electronics industry (NAICS 334), except for federal R&D for the navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments industry (NAICS 3345), which is included in the aerospace and defense manufacturing sector.
cIncludes domestic R&D performance for the aerospace products and parts industry (NAICS 3364), plus all federal R&D for the navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments (NAICS 3345) and transportation equipment manufacturing industries.
dIncludes domestic R&D performance for the architectural, engineering, and related services (NAICS 5413) and scientific R&D services industries (NAICS 5417).
eIncludes domestic R&D performance for automobiles, bodies, trailers, and parts (NAICS 3361-3363) and transportation equipment (NAICS 336) industries, except federally funded components that are included in the aerospace and defense manufacturing group.

NOTES: Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Industry classification based on dominant business code for domestic R&D performance where available. For companies that did not report business codes, classification used for sampling was assigned.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics and Census Bureau, Business R&D and Innovation Survey (2008).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012