Table 4-23
Government R&D support by major socioeconomic objectives, by selected region/country: 1981–2009
 
      Percent of GBAORD   Percent of nondefense
Region/country and year GBAORD (current US$, millions, PPP)   Defense Nondefense   Economic development programs Health and environment Education and society Civil space Non-oriented research General university funds (GUF)
 
United States                      
1981 33,735.0   54.6 45.4   36.1 31.2 3.6 20.3 8.7 na
1990 63,781.0   62.6 37.4   22.2 40.2 3.4 24.2 10.1 na
2000 83,612.5   51.6 48.4   13.4 49.9 1.8 20.9 13.8 na
2009 164,292.0   51.6 48.4   13.3 55.9 1.5 11.4 17.8 na
                       
EU                      
1981 na   na na   na na na na na na
1990 na   na na   na na na na na na
2000 73,559.9   13.1 86.9   22.7 11.6 3.4 6.1 15.7 34.9
2008 110,238.5   9.6 90.4   23.5 14.8 5.9 4.9 17.3 33.8
                       
Germany                      
1981 8,572.5   8.9 91.1   34.9 9.6 4.5 4.5 46.5 0.0
1990 13,269.1   13.5 86.5   25.9 10.8 2.9 6.8 15.2 37.6
2000 16,806.2   7.8 92.2   21.6 9.4 3.9 5.1 17.5 42.4
2009 25,857.8   5.7 94.3   23.0 10.3 4.1 5.4 18.2 39.6
                       
France                      
1981 8,531.3   38.4 61.6   37.9 13.3 2.0 6.7 39.1 0.0
1990 13,228.6   40.0 60.0   32.8 9.3 0.8 13.0 24.6 18.9
2000 14,738.0   21.4 78.6   17.7 9.7 1.1 13.2 27.4 28.5
2008 16,171.9   28.3 71.7   24.3 15.0 3.6 12.5 6.4 39.0
                       
United Kingdom                      
1981 6,731.2   46.3 53.7   38.5 13.1 1.5 3.8 10.6 29.6
1990 8,113.8   43,5 56.5   31.9 18.1 4.0 5.5 10.3 29.8
2000 10,357.6   36.2 63.8   12.1 28.3 6.4 3.5 18.8 30.4
2009 15,146.3   18.3 81.7   9.3 28.8 5.7 2.3 23.8 30.1
                       
Japan                      
1981 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA NA NA
1990 10,142.0   5.4 94.6   33.9 4.5 1.1 6.9 8.4 45.1
2000 21,223.0   4.1 95.9   33.4 6.6 1.0 5.8 14.6 37.0
2009 31,072.5   3.7 96.3   30.5 7.2 1.0 7.5 18.3 35.5
                       
China                      
1981 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA NA NA
1990 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA NA NA
2000 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA NA NA
2009 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA NA NA
                       
South Korea                      
1981 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA NA NA
1990 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA NA NA
2000 5,024.7   20.5 79.5   53.4 14.8 3.8 3.1 24.9 **
2009 13,209.6   16.7 83.3   52.0 18.6 2.8 3.7 22.8 **
 

** = included in other categories; na = not applicable; NA = not available

EU = European Union; GBAORD = government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D; PPP = purchasing power parity

NOTES: Foreign currencies converted to dollars through purchasing power parities. Most recent data available for France and the EU are 2008. EU data for all years based on current 27 member countries. GBAORD data are not yet available for China. The socioeconomic objective categories are aggregates of the 14 categories identified by Eurostat's 2007 Nomenclature for the Analysis and Comparison of Scientific Programs and Budgets (NABS).

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, special tabulations (August 2010) of federal R&D budget authority by spending category; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Main Science and Technology Indicators (2011/1). See appendix table 4-45.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012