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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education

Fourth grade mathematics performance



Findings

  • In 2009, the nationwide average mathematics score of fourth grade public school students was 239, a significant increase from 224 in 2000. This improvement occurred almost entirely during the initial portion of the decade, with no change in the nationwide average math score between 2007 and 2009.
  • The states with the highest average fourth grade performance scores are concentrated in the northern United States.
  • The gap in mathematics scores between white and black fourth graders decreased from 30 points to 26 points between 2000 and 2009. The gap in mathematics scores between white and Hispanic fourth graders decreased from 26 points to 21 points between 2000 and 2009. There were no significant changes in either of these gaps between 2007 and 2009.
  • The average mathematics scores for both male and female fourth grade students increased over the decade, but the size of the gender gap in fourth grade mathematics scores remained unchanged at 2 points.


Description

This indicator represents each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its fourth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment is a federally authorized measure of student performance in which all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in 2009.

Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500. An average score designated as NA (not available) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not meet the minimum guidelines for reporting. NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

Data Table

Table 8-1
Average fourth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009
(Score out of 500)
 
State 2000 2005 2009
 
United States 224 * 237 * 239
Alabama 217 * 225 * 228
Alaska NA 236 237
Arizona 219 * 230 230
Arkansas 216 * 236 238
California 213 * 230 232
Colorado NA 239 243
Connecticut 234 * 242 245
Delaware NA 240 * 239
District of Columbia 192 * 211 * 219
Florida NA 239 * 242
Georgia 219 * 234 236
Hawaii 216 * 230 * 236
Idaho 224 * 242 241
Illinois 223 * 233 * 238
Indiana 233 * 240 * 243
Iowa 231 * 240 * 243
Kansas 232 * 246 245
Kentucky 219 * 231 * 239
Louisiana 218 * 230 229
Maine 230 * 241 244
Maryland 222 * 238 244
Massachusetts 233 * 247 * 252
Michigan 229 * 238 236
Minnesota 234 * 246 249
Mississippi 211 * 227 227
Missouri 228 * 235 * 241
Montana 228 * 241 * 244
Nebraska 225 * 238 239
Nevada 220 * 230 235
New Hampshire NA 246 * 251
New Jersey NA 244 * 247
New Mexico 213 * 224 * 230
New York 225 * 238 * 241
North Carolina 230 * 241 244
North Dakota 230 * 243 * 245
Ohio 230 * 242 244
Oklahoma 224 * 234 * 237
Oregon 224 * 238 238
Pennsylvania NA 241 * 244
Rhode Island 224 * 233 239
South Carolina 220 * 238 236
South Dakota NA 242 242
Tennessee 220 * 232 232
Texas 231 * 242 240
Utah 227 * 239 240
Vermont 232 * 244 * 248
Virginia 230 * 240 * 243
Washington NA 242 242
West Virginia 223 * 231 * 233
Wisconsin NA 241 * 244
Wyoming 229 * 243 242
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

*significantly different (p < .05) from the 2009 score for the jurisdiction; NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 4 mathematics scores for public schools only.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.