## Chapter 8. State Indicators

### Findings

• In 2009, the nationwide average mathematics score of fourth grade public school students was 239, a significant increase from 224 in 2000. This improvement occurred almost entirely during the initial portion of the decade, with no change in the nationwide average math score between 2007 and 2009.
• The states with the highest average fourth grade performance scores are concentrated in the northern United States.
• The gap in mathematics scores between white and black fourth graders decreased from 30 points to 26 points between 2000 and 2009. The gap in mathematics scores between white and Hispanic fourth graders decreased from 26 points to 21 points between 2000 and 2009. There were no significant changes in either of these gaps between 2007 and 2009.
• The average mathematics scores for both male and female fourth grade students increased over the decade, but the size of the gender gap in fourth grade mathematics scores remained unchanged at 2 points.

### Description

This indicator represents each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its fourth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment is a federally authorized measure of student performance in which all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in 2009.

Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500. An average score designated as NA (not available) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not meet the minimum guidelines for reporting. NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

### Data Table

State 2000 2005 Table 8-1 Average fourth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009 (Score out of 500) 224 * 237 * 239 217 * 225 * 228 NA 236 237 219 * 230 230 216 * 236 238 213 * 230 232 NA 239 243 234 * 242 245 NA 240 * 239 192 * 211 * 219 NA 239 * 242 219 * 234 236 216 * 230 * 236 224 * 242 241 223 * 233 * 238 233 * 240 * 243 231 * 240 * 243 232 * 246 245 219 * 231 * 239 218 * 230 229 230 * 241 244 222 * 238 244 233 * 247 * 252 229 * 238 236 234 * 246 249 211 * 227 227 228 * 235 * 241 228 * 241 * 244 225 * 238 239 220 * 230 235 NA 246 * 251 NA 244 * 247 213 * 224 * 230 225 * 238 * 241 230 * 241 244 230 * 243 * 245 230 * 242 244 224 * 234 * 237 224 * 238 238 NA 241 * 244 224 * 233 239 220 * 238 236 NA 242 242 220 * 232 232 231 * 242 240 227 * 239 240 232 * 244 * 248 230 * 240 * 243 NA 242 242 223 * 231 * 233 NA 241 * 244 229 * 243 242 NA NA NA *significantly different (p < .05) from the 2009 score for the jurisdiction; NA = not available NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 4 mathematics scores for public schools only. SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years). Science and Engineering Indicators 2012
Source Data

### State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.