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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education

Eighth grade mathematics performance



Findings

  • In 2009, the nationwide average mathematics score of eighth grade public school students was 282, a statistically significant increase from 272 in 2000. Eighth graders scored higher in mathematics in 2009 than in any previous assessment year.
  • Of the 40 jurisdictions that participated in both the 2000 and 2009 mathematics assessments, 35 showed statistically significant increases over the decade.
  • Since 2007, eighth grade mathematics scores increased for public school students in 15 states; nearly half of those states showing an increase were located in the West. No states showed a decline.
  • The gaps in mathematics scores between white eighth graders and black or Hispanic eighth graders narrowed between 2000 and 2009 although significant gaps still exist.
  • The average mathematics scores for both male and female eighth grade students increased over the decade, but the size of the gender gap remained unchanged at 2 points.


Description

This indicator represents each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its eighth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment is a federally authorized measure of student performance in which all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in 2009.

Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500. An average score designated as NA (not applicable) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not meet the minimum guidelines for reporting. NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

Data Table

Table 8-5
Average eighth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009
(Score out of 500)
 
State 2000 2005 2009
 
Average EPSCoR state value 270 275 280
Average non-EPSCoR state value 274 280 284
 
United States 272 * 278 * 282
Alabama 264 262 269
Alaska NA 279 * 283
Arizona 269 * 274 277
Arkansas 257 * 272 276
California 260 * 269 270
Colorado NA 281 * 287
Connecticut 281 281 289
Delaware NA 281 * 284
District of Columbia 235 * 245 * 254
Florida NA 274 279
Georgia 265 * 272 278
Hawaii 262 * 266 * 274
Idaho 277 * 281 * 287
Illinois 275 * 278 282
Indiana 281 * 282 * 287
Iowa NA 284 284
Kansas 283 * 284 * 289
Kentucky 270 * 274 * 279
Louisiana 259 * 268 * 272
Maine 281 * 281 * 286
Maryland 272 * 278 * 288
Massachusetts 279 * 292 * 299
Michigan 277 277 278
Minnesota 287 * 290 294
Mississippi 254 * 262 265
Missouri 271 * 276 * 286
Montana 285 286 292
Nebraska 280 * 284 284
Nevada 265 * 270 274
New Hampshire NA 285 * 292
New Jersey NA 284 * 293
New Mexico 259 * 263 * 270
New York 271 * 280 283
North Carolina 276 * 282 284
North Dakota 282 * 287 * 293
Ohio 281 * 283 286
Oklahoma 270 * 271 * 276
Oregon 280 282 285
Pennsylvania NA 281 * 288
Rhode Island 269 * 272 * 278
South Carolina 265 * 281 280
South Dakota NA 287 291
Tennessee 262 * 271 * 275
Texas 273 * 281 * 287
Utah 274 * 279 284
Vermont 281 * 287 * 293
Virginia 275 * 284 * 286
Washington NA 285 289
West Virginia 266 * 269 270
Wisconsin NA 285 288
Wyoming 276 * 282 * 286
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

*significantly different (p < .05) from the 2009 score for the jurisdiction; NA = not available

EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 8 mathematics scores for public schools only. For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.