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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

Bachelor's degrees in science and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old



Findings

  • In 2009, more than 501,000 bachelor's degrees in S&E fields were conferred nationally, which is up from 394,000 in 2000 and represents an increase of 27%. Between 2000 and 2009, the number of bachelor's degrees in S&E fields conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old in the population increased by nearly 15% nationwide.
  • In 2009, state values on this indicator varied greatly. They ranged from 7.0 to 31.4 bachelor's degrees in S&E fields conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old.
  • The number of bachelor's degrees in S&E fields conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old decreased in 7 states between 2000 and 2009.
  • The states producing the largest numbers of S&E bachelor's degrees were the same as those producing the largest numbers of bachelor's degrees in natural science and engineering (NS&E). However, in terms of educational output adjusted for population, the concentration of S&E bachelor's degrees was highest in the northeastern states unlike NS&E bachelor's degrees that were concentrated in the north central states.


Description

Educational attainment in an S&E field gives people greater opportunities to work in higher-paying technical jobs than are generally available to those in other fields of study. Earning a bachelor's degree in an S&E field also prepares an individual for advanced technical education.

Educational attainment varies by several demographic characteristics including age. The cohort 18–24 years old was chosen to approximate the age range of most students who are pursuing an undergraduate degree. This indicator represents the extent to which a state provides bachelor's level training in S&E fields, controlling for the size of its college-age population.

The number of bachelor's degrees awarded in S&E fields is based on an actual count provided by the National Center of Education Statistics. Estimates of the population ages 18–24 years are provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Small differences in the indicator value between states or across time generally are not meaningful.

A high value for this indicator may suggest the successful provision of undergraduate training in S&E fields. Student mobility after graduation is not accounted for, which may make this indicator less meaningful in predicting the qualifications of a state's future technical workforce. A state's value for this indicator may also be high when its higher education system draws a large percentage of out-of-state students, a situation that sometimes occurs in states with small resident populations and the District of Columbia.

Data Table

Table 8-17
Bachelor's degrees in science and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009
 
  S&E bachelor's degrees   Population 18–24 years old   Degrees/1,000 individuals 18–24 years old
State 2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009
 
EPSCoR states 61,035 67,202 71,999   4,702,607 5,059,909 5,109,850   13.0 13.3 14.1
Non-EPSCoR states 330,351 394,690 424,576   22,541,063 24,277,168 25,229,846   14.7 16.3 16.8
Average EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   15.1 14.7 15.7
Average non-EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   15.6 17.1 17.8
 
United States 394,301 466,065 501,076   27,316,537 29,404,797 30,412,035   14.4 15.8 16.5
Alabama 5,575 5,767 6,490   442,009 453,363 465,249   12.6 12.7 13.9
Alaska 393 440 559   57,724 78,831 79,696   6.8 5.6 7.0
Arizona 5,154 7,741 10,173   519,381 570,206 610,920   9.9 13.6 16.7
Arkansas 2,392 2,748 2,751   263,326 269,720 273,263   9.1 10.2 10.1
California 46,406 58,536 63,381   3,389,475 3,601,422 3,746,026   13.7 16.3 16.9
Colorado 8,822 10,375 10,865   434,165 479,582 500,695   20.3 21.6 21.7
Connecticut 5,139 5,945 6,803   273,000 315,265 340,550   18.8 18.9 20.0
Delaware 1,546 1,656 1,688   75,857 79,909 83,522   20.4 20.7 20.2
District of Columbia 2,915 4,173 4,501   72,867 67,720 72,339   40.0 61.6 62.2
Florida 14,094 19,400 22,608   1,340,658 1,583,393 1,667,090   10.5 12.3 13.6
Georgia 8,990 11,354 11,782   844,924 912,133 979,688   10.6 12.4 12.0
Hawaii 1,660 1,854 2,074   115,683 128,311 124,841   14.3 14.4 16.6
Idaho 1,492 1,960 2,340   140,017 157,526 161,387   10.7 12.4 14.5
Illinois 15,960 18,943 19,471   1,217,816 1,273,336 1,298,744   13.1 14.9 15.0
Indiana 8,921 10,477 10,211   618,463 637,074 643,920   14.4 16.4 15.9
Iowa 5,556 6,117 7,656   299,438 320,586 321,355   18.6 19.1 23.8
Kansas 4,157 4,713 4,599   277,164 306,834 307,284   15.0 15.4 15.0
Kentucky 4,153 4,537 4,944   404,146 417,504 416,470   10.3 10.9 11.9
Louisiana 5,568 6,076 5,782   475,946 496,032 477,506   11.7 12.2 12.1
Maine 2,117 2,354 2,518   104,527 117,289 118,353   20.3 20.1 21.3
Maryland 8,598 11,057 11,393   454,129 515,830 547,538   18.9 21.4 20.8
Massachusetts 16,062 17,589 18,463   582,619 621,142 668,112   27.6 28.3 27.6
Michigan 13,642 15,591 16,873   937,626 997,376 995,230   14.5 15.6 17.0
Minnesota 7,434 9,271 10,060   473,816 523,797 526,091   15.7 17.7 19.1
Mississippi 2,769 2,784 3,036   312,663 317,707 313,729   8.9 8.8 9.7
Missouri 8,169 9,532 9,908   538,883 586,404 592,454   15.2 16.3 16.7
Montana 1,734 1,807 1,874   86,241 103,362 104,243   20.1 17.5 18.0
Nebraska 2,657 3,039 3,133   175,359 197,081 196,793   15.2 15.4 15.9
Nevada 1,050 1,481 2,039   181,984 210,962 228,809   5.8 7.0 8.9
New Hampshire 2,788 2,826 2,929   104,064 123,750 130,242   26.8 22.8 22.5
New Jersey 10,822 11,856 12,028   679,702 716,880 756,033   15.9 16.5 15.9
New Mexico 1,939 2,188 2,308   177,978 202,397 202,276   10.9 10.8 11.4
New York 32,141 37,642 39,595   1,772,439 1,839,901 1,923,887   18.1 20.5 20.6
North Carolina 12,021 13,488 14,833   814,485 855,830 942,328   14.8 15.8 15.7
North Dakota 1,329 1,305 1,326   73,371 89,501 88,808   18.1 14.6 14.9
Ohio 13,874 15,485 16,257   1,062,062 1,084,194 1,084,493   13.1 14.3 15.0
Oklahoma 4,001 4,718 4,878   358,410 387,237 386,532   11.2 12.2 12.6
Oregon 5,381 6,261 6,545   330,074 351,657 364,365   16.3 17.8 18.0
Pennsylvania 21,115 24,723 26,514   1,099,275 1,169,151 1,219,844   19.2 21.1 21.7
Rhode Island 2,503 2,837 3,082   107,100 109,690 112,088   23.4 25.9 27.5
South Carolina 4,996 5,784 6,151   410,784 427,535 452,903   12.2 13.5 13.6
South Dakota 1,506 1,494 1,571   78,087 87,891 87,586   19.3 17.0 17.9
Tennessee 6,532 7,156 7,727   552,177 570,664 585,173   11.8 12.5 13.2
Texas 20,831 25,294 27,723   2,213,346 2,429,659 2,523,258   9.4 10.4 11.0
Utah 5,245 6,870 6,986   320,147 342,610 341,926   16.4 20.1 20.4
Vermont 1,821 1,992 2,349   56,918 66,960 68,869   32.0 29.7 34.1
Virginia 12,933 13,748 15,158   686,011 776,170 814,917   18.9 17.7 18.6
Washington 7,905 10,121 10,692   563,091 617,519 644,616   14.0 16.4 16.6
West Virginia 2,204 2,285 2,929   173,092 172,766 169,767   12.7 13.2 17.3
Wisconsin 8,604 10,118 10,871   523,861 585,387 590,593   16.4 17.3 18.4
Wyoming 685 557 649   50,157 57,751 59,634   13.7 9.6 10.9
                       
Puerto Rico 4,187 4,042 4,237   429,220 406,548 394,800   9.8 9.9 10.7
 

na = not applicable

EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research

NOTE: For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction.

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years); Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census and Population Estimates Program (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

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