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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

Science and engineering graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old



Findings

  • The number of S&E graduate students in the United States grew from approximately 411,000 in 2000 to 523,000 in 2009, a 27% increase.
  • Among the 50 states, the value of this indicator ranged from 5.1 to 29.4.
  • Growth in the number of S&E graduate students was most significant in California during this period. Other states with sizeable increases included Texas, New York, Minnesota, and Florida.


Description

Graduate students in S&E fields may become the technical leaders of the future. This indicator is a relative measure of a state's population with graduate training in S&E and is defined as the ratio of S&E graduate students to a state's population ages 25–34.

Graduate students are counted on the basis of their university enrollment and include state residents, residents of other states, and noncitizens. The cohort includes all state residents ages 25–34 and was chosen to approximate the age of most graduate students.

Data on S&E graduate students are counts obtained from all academic institutions in the United States that offer doctoral or master's degree programs in any S&E field, including the physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Graduate students enrolled in schools of nursing, public health, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and other health-related disciplines are not included.

Estimates of the population ages 25–34 years old are provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Small differences in the value of the indicator between states or across years generally are not meaningful.

Data Table

Table 8-21
Science and engineering graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009
 
  S&E graduate students   Population 25–34 years old   S&E graduate students/1,000 individuals 25–34 years old
State 2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009
 
United States 410,505 474,550 522,511   39,825,518 39,712,639 41,566,322   10.3 11.9 12.6
Alabama 5,161 6,232 6,562   600,351 593,380 619,371   8.6 10.5 10.6
Alaska 597 806 1,064   89,013 92,286 106,145   6.7 8.7 10.0
Arizona 6,477 6,976 8,161   744,892 864,337 956,944   8.7 8.1 8.5
Arkansas 1,958 2,447 2,799   351,690 368,207 389,042   5.6 6.6 7.2
California 53,437 63,837 66,695   5,233,641 5,223,518 5,385,409   10.2 12.2 12.4
Colorado 8,688 8,997 11,000   665,276 676,923 734,263   13.1 13.3 15.0
Connecticut 6,266 6,973 8,660   450,434 405,974 411,196   13.9 17.2 21.1
Delaware 1,414 1,760 1,907   108,699 110,244 115,495   13.0 16.0 16.5
District of Columbia 7,126 8,662 9,700   101,272 102,601 112,704   70.4 84.4 86.1
Florida 15,463 19,126 22,486   2,084,041 2,229,778 2,357,049   7.4 8.6 9.5
Georgia 8,809 10,675 11,151   1,300,057 1,329,899 1,392,988   6.8 8.0 8.0
Hawaii 1,412 1,892 2,013   170,502 176,998 191,254   8.3 10.7 10.5
Idaho 1,309 2,013 1,933   169,287 186,405 209,877   7.7 10.8 9.2
Illinois 22,964 23,387 25,617   1,806,793 1,745,946 1,783,102   12.7 13.4 14.4
Indiana 7,931 9,648 10,489   828,362 817,981 838,888   9.6 11.8 12.5
Iowa 4,646 5,020 5,463   361,434 345,064 367,097   12.9 14.5 14.9
Kansas 5,740 5,804 5,574   347,757 337,097 368,979   16.5 17.2 15.1
Kentucky 3,390 4,625 4,076   566,024 562,610 579,199   6.0 8.2 7.0
Louisiana 5,496 4,809 5,824   597,966 593,933 624,512   9.2 8.1 9.3
Maine 588 684 760   156,941 148,575 149,643   3.7 4.6 5.1
Maryland 8,995 11,228 12,453   746,862 729,811 756,962   12.0 15.4 16.5
Massachusetts 19,536 22,638 25,120   924,695 843,944 855,592   21.1 26.8 29.4
Michigan 15,080 15,454 16,072   1,357,578 1,261,427 1,202,738   11.1 12.3 13.4
Minnesota 6,749 10,685 14,484   671,894 653,869 699,621   10.0 16.3 20.7
Mississippi 2,628 3,175 3,246   380,294 379,067 393,163   6.9 8.4 8.3
Missouri 5,947 7,278 8,369   736,623 739,026 785,730   8.1 9.8 10.7
Montana 1,199 1,454 1,468   102,764 104,944 120,074   11.7 13.9 12.2
Nebraska 2,452 2,811 3,272   222,460 216,423 232,221   11.0 13.0 14.1
Nevada 1,423 1,992 2,137   308,307 357,001 394,105   4.6 5.6 5.4
New Hampshire 1,340 1,448 1,544   159,784 149,554 149,648   8.4 9.7 10.3
New Jersey 11,135 12,267 13,580   1,186,931 1,112,730 1,110,420   9.4 11.0 12.2
New Mexico 3,109 3,762 3,792   233,360 250,621 277,897   13.3 15.0 13.6
New York 37,782 42,399 46,786   2,749,299 2,602,535 2,649,054   13.7 16.3 17.7
North Carolina 10,034 12,167 14,457   1,212,550 1,187,546 1,235,447   8.3 10.2 11.7
North Dakota 1,053 1,512 1,811   76,253 71,313 81,735   13.8 21.2 22.2
Ohio 16,092 19,054 19,580   1,513,069 1,470,729 1,478,233   10.6 13.0 13.2
Oklahoma 3,478 4,274 5,095   449,552 456,812 504,985   7.7 9.4 10.1
Oregon 3,815 4,387 4,737   469,904 483,361 525,411   8.1 9.1 9.0
Pennsylvania 18,300 20,209 21,542   1,552,979 1,489,438 1,538,441   11.8 13.6 14.0
Rhode Island 1,709 1,971 2,127   140,153 134,692 131,818   12.2 14.6 16.1
South Carolina 3,185 3,339 3,499   559,245 565,038 598,990   5.7 5.9 5.8
South Dakota 866 930 1,452   90,667 91,888 102,810   9.6 10.1 14.1
Tennessee 5,366 6,585 6,431   813,532 820,169 848,633   6.6 8.0 7.6
Texas 27,855 32,788 37,774   3,164,710 3,339,356 3,647,847   8.8 9.8 10.4
Utah 3,821 4,884 4,929   327,177 381,597 441,598   11.7 12.8 11.2
Vermont 627 644 655   74,260 67,274 69,085   8.4 9.6 9.5
Virginia 11,552 12,566 14,624   1,035,588 1,027,412 1,084,710   11.2 12.2 13.5
Washington 5,905 6,570 7,534   839,575 851,102 948,773   7.0 7.7 7.9
West Virginia 2,024 2,247 2,273   227,512 224,330 225,178   8.9 10.0 10.1
Wisconsin 7,822 8,572 8,817   704,005 675,890 707,393   11.1 12.7 12.5
Wyoming 754 887 917   59,504 61,984 74,853   12.7 14.3 12.3
                       
Puerto Rico 2,944 3,661 3,068   534,332 550,170 556,543   5.5 6.7 5.5
 

NOTE: S&E graduate students include students pursuing graduate degrees in physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, ocean, and social sciences; psychology; mathematics; and engineering.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science Engineering; Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census and Population Estimates Program (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.