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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

Advanced science and engineering degrees as a percentage of S&E degrees conferred



Findings

  • In 2009, nearly 167,000 advanced S&E degrees were awarded nationwide, 38% more degrees than were awarded in 2000. The share of advanced degrees as a percentage of all S&E degrees conferred increased by 6% between 2000 and 2009.
  • In 2009, the value of this indicator for individual states ranged from 8.4 % to 32.2% of S&E graduates completing training at the master's or doctoral level. California produced the largest number of advanced S&E degrees, consistent over the decade and approximately 110 times the number produced in Wyoming.
  • Between 2000 and 2009, 33 states showed increases in the share of their S&E graduates completing training at the master's or doctoral level and 16 states and the District of Columbia showed decreases.
  • In states with few S&E graduate programs, the number of advanced S&E degrees conferred varies considerably from year to year. Readers should use caution when making annual comparisons for those states with small numbers of S&E graduate students.


Description

This indicator represents the extent to which a state's higher education programs in S&E are concentrated at the graduate level. S&E fields include the physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Advanced S&E degrees include master's and doctoral degrees. Total S&E degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees but exclude associate's degrees.

The indicator value is computed by dividing the number of advanced S&E degrees by the total number of S&E degrees awarded by the higher education institutions within the state. The number of degrees are actual counts provided by the National Center of Education Statistics.

Data Table

Table 8-22
Advanced science and engineering degrees as a percentage of S&E degrees conferred, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009
 
  Advanced S&E degrees   All S&E degrees   Advanced S&E/all S&E degrees (%)
State 2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009
 
United States 120,997 148,629 166,714   515,298 614,694 667,790   23.5 24.2 25.0
Alabama 1,937 2,271 2,409   7,512 8,038 8,899   25.8 28.3 27.1
Alaska 185 236 243   578 676 802   32.0 34.9 30.3
Arizona 1,736 1,872 3,259   6,890 9,613 13,432   25.2 19.5 24.3
Arkansas 436 558 639   2,828 3,306 3,390   15.4 16.9 18.8
California 15,497 19,021 21,198   61,903 77,557 84,579   25.0 24.5 25.1
Colorado 2,911 3,370 3,415   11,733 13,745 14,280   24.8 24.5 23.9
Connecticut 1,748 2,209 2,812   6,887 8,154 9,615   25.4 27.1 29.2
Delaware 394 507 553   1,940 2,163 2,241   20.3 23.4 24.7
District of Columbia 2,825 3,317 3,968   5,740 7,490 8,469   49.2 44.3 46.9
Florida 4,199 5,445 6,396   18,293 24,845 29,004   23.0 21.9 22.1
Georgia 2,764 3,453 3,993   11,754 14,807 15,775   23.5 23.3 25.3
Hawaii 575 558 582   2,235 2,412 2,656   25.7 23.1 21.9
Idaho 331 424 457   1,823 2,384 2,797   18.2 17.8 16.3
Illinois 6,504 8,294 9,254   22,464 27,237 28,725   29.0 30.5 32.2
Indiana 2,483 2,840 3,040   11,404 13,317 13,251   21.8 21.3 22.9
Iowa 1,055 1,261 1,423   6,611 7,378 9,079   16.0 17.1 15.7
Kansas 1,160 1,355 1,321   5,317 6,068 5,920   21.8 22.3 22.3
Kentucky 938 1,551 1,537   5,091 6,088 6,481   18.4 25.5 23.7
Louisiana 1,430 1,773 1,417   6,998 7,849 7,199   20.4 22.6 19.7
Maine 185 196 231   2,302 2,550 2,749   8.0 7.7 8.4
Maryland 3,637 4,618 5,121   12,235 15,675 16,514   29.7 29.5 31.0
Massachusetts 6,600 7,662 8,249   22,662 25,251 26,712   29.1 30.3 30.9
Michigan 4,788 5,744 5,931   18,430 21,335 22,804   26.0 26.9 26.0
Minnesota 1,609 2,644 3,827   9,043 11,915 13,887   17.8 22.2 27.6
Mississippi 628 793 901   3,397 3,577 3,937   18.5 22.2 22.9
Missouri 2,796 3,452 3,556   10,965 12,984 13,464   25.5 26.6 26.4
Montana 368 447 424   2,102 2,254 2,298   17.5 19.8 18.5
Nebraska 647 808 1,060   3,304 3,847 4,193   19.6 21.0 25.3
Nevada 315 482 546   1,365 1,963 2,585   23.1 24.6 21.1
New Hampshire 554 634 755   3,342 3,460 3,684   16.6 18.3 20.5
New Jersey 3,118 3,811 4,507   13,940 15,667 16,535   22.4 24.3 27.3
New Mexico 697 877 947   2,636 3,065 3,255   26.4 28.6 29.1
New York 10,760 13,828 14,817   42,901 51,470 54,412   25.1 26.9 27.2
North Carolina 2,630 3,177 3,838   14,651 16,665 18,671   18.0 19.1 20.6
North Dakota 190 234 284   1,519 1,539 1,610   12.5 15.2 17.6
Ohio 4,249 4,802 4,872   18,123 20,287 21,129   23.4 23.7 23.1
Oklahoma 1,981 1,624 1,506   5,982 6,342 6,384   33.1 25.6 23.6
Oregon 1,227 1,544 1,430   6,608 7,805 7,975   18.6 19.8 17.9
Pennsylvania 5,448 6,755 8,023   26,563 31,478 34,537   20.5 21.5 23.2
Rhode Island 509 610 701   3,012 3,447 3,783   16.9 17.7 18.5
South Carolina 957 1,071 1,128   5,953 6,855 7,279   16.1 15.6 15.5
South Dakota 307 472 419   1,813 1,966 1,990   16.9 24.0 21.1
Tennessee 1,497 1,593 1,874   8,029 8,749 9,601   18.6 18.2 19.5
Texas 7,131 9,318 10,473   27,962 34,612 38,196   25.5 26.9 27.4
Utah 1,044 1,283 1,353   6,289 8,153 8,339   16.6 15.7 16.2
Vermont 409 516 795   2,230 2,508 3,144   18.3 20.6 25.3
Virginia 3,366 4,062 5,664   16,299 17,810 20,822   20.7 22.8 27.2
Washington 1,815 2,328 2,523   9,720 12,449 13,215   18.7 18.7 19.1
West Virginia 546 660 843   2,750 2,945 3,772   19.9 22.4 22.3
Wisconsin 1,656 2,069 2,010   10,260 12,187 12,881   16.1 17.0 15.6
Wyoming 225 200 190   910 757 839   24.7 26.4 22.6
                       
Puerto Rico 620 775 1,056   4,807 4,817 5,293   12.9 16.1 20.0
 

NOTES: Advanced S&E degrees include only master's and doctorate. All S&E degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate. S&E degrees include physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, ocean, and social sciences; psychology; mathematics; and engineering.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

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