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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

Science and engineering doctoral degrees as a percentage of S&E degrees conferred



Findings

  • The number of S&E doctoral degrees awarded nationwide rose from 25,000 in 2000 to 33,000 in 2009, an increase of 31%. California showed the largest increase in the number of S&E doctorates awarded during this period.
  • Nationally, about 5% of the S&E degrees awarded have been doctoral degrees. In 2009, the value of this indicator for individual states ranged from a low of 1.4% to a high of 7.0% of S&E graduates completing training at the doctorate level.
  • In states with a small number of S&E graduate programs, the number of S&E doctoral degrees awarded varies considerably from year to year. Readers should use caution when making annual comparisons for those states with small numbers of S&E doctorates.


Description

This indicator represents the extent to which a state's higher education programs in S&E are focused on producing individuals with the highest level of technical expertise. The academic and technical leaders of the future are often drawn from individuals receiving S&E doctoral degrees. S&E fields include the physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Total S&E degrees conferred include bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees but exclude associate's degrees.

The indicator value is computed by dividing the number of doctoral degrees awarded in S&E fields by the total number of S&E degrees awarded by the higher education institutions within the state. The number of degrees are counts provided by the National Center of Education Statistics.

Data Table

Table 8-24
Science and engineering doctoral degrees as a percentage of S&E degrees conferred, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009
 
  S&E doctoral degrees   S&E degrees conferred   S&E doctoral degrees/S&E degrees conferred (%)
State 2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009
 
United States 25,350 28,398 33,137   515,298 614,694 667,790   4.9 4.6 5.0
Alabama 281 322 384   7,512 8,038 8,899   3.7 4.0 4.3
Alaska 13 20 29   578 676 802   2.2 3.0 3.6
Arizona 431 466 598   6,890 9,613 13,432   6.3 4.8 4.5
Arkansas 67 111 127   2,828 3,306 3,390   2.4 3.4 3.7
California 3,553 3,939 4,724   61,903 77,557 84,579   5.7 5.1 5.6
Colorado 527 708 659   11,733 13,745 14,280   4.5 5.2 4.6
Connecticut 413 433 435   6,887 8,154 9,615   6.0 5.3 4.5
Delaware 112 116 151   1,940 2,163 2,241   5.8 5.4 6.7
District of Columbia 355 364 385   5,740 7,490 8,469   6.2 4.9 4.5
Florida 878 1,112 1,342   18,293 24,845 29,004   4.8 4.5 4.6
Georgia 552 719 964   11,754 14,807 15,775   4.7 4.9 6.1
Hawaii 126 114 121   2,235 2,412 2,656   5.6 4.7 4.6
Idaho 56 49 73   1,823 2,384 2,797   3.1 2.1 2.6
Illinois 1,438 1,470 1,534   22,464 27,237 28,725   6.4 5.4 5.3
Indiana 646 659 850   11,404 13,317 13,251   5.7 4.9 6.4
Iowa 319 321 428   6,611 7,378 9,079   4.8 4.4 4.7
Kansas 223 230 260   5,317 6,068 5,920   4.2 3.8 4.4
Kentucky 188 241 256   5,091 6,088 6,481   3.7 4.0 4.0
Louisiana 345 312 330   6,998 7,849 7,199   4.9 4.0 4.6
Maine 39 24 42   2,302 2,550 2,749   1.7 0.9 1.5
Maryland 567 688 783   12,235 15,675 16,514   4.6 4.4 4.7
Massachusetts 1,433 1,562 1,877   22,662 25,251 26,712   6.3 6.2 7.0
Michigan 941 1,019 1,200   18,430 21,335 22,804   5.1 4.8 5.3
Minnesota 463 609 645   9,043 11,915 13,887   5.1 5.1 4.6
Mississippi 144 140 161   3,397 3,577 3,937   4.2 3.9 4.1
Missouri 415 491 495   10,965 12,984 13,464   3.8 3.8 3.7
Montana 41 65 83   2,102 2,254 2,298   2.0 2.9 3.6
Nebraska 142 154 182   3,304 3,847 4,193   4.3 4.0 4.3
Nevada 78 92 142   1,365 1,963 2,585   5.7 4.7 5.5
New Hampshire 102 150 149   3,342 3,460 3,684   3.1 4.3 4.0
New Jersey 650 641 808   13,940 15,667 16,535   4.7 4.1 4.9
New Mexico 136 159 184   2,636 3,065 3,255   5.2 5.2 5.7
New York 2,237 2,440 2,605   42,901 51,470 54,412   5.2 4.7 4.8
North Carolina 652 790 1,010   14,651 16,665 18,671   4.5 4.7 5.4
North Dakota 41 42 68   1,519 1,539 1,610   2.7 2.7 4.2
Ohio 963 1,022 1,146   18,123 20,287 21,129   5.3 5.0 5.4
Oklahoma 205 205 251   5,982 6,342 6,384   3.4 3.2 3.9
Oregon 254 272 336   6,608 7,805 7,975   3.8 3.5 4.2
Pennsylvania 1,135 1,432 1,633   26,563 31,478 34,537   4.3 4.5 4.7
Rhode Island 153 167 193   3,012 3,447 3,783   5.1 4.8 5.1
South Carolina 198 234 294   5,953 6,855 7,279   3.3 3.4 4.0
South Dakota 26 38 49   1,813 1,966 1,990   1.4 1.9 2.5
Tennessee 356 354 496   8,029 8,749 9,601   4.4 4.0 5.2
Texas 1,495 1,727 2,116   27,962 34,612 38,196   5.3 5.0 5.5
Utah 238 251 303   6,289 8,153 8,339   3.8 3.1 3.6
Vermont 40 38 43   2,230 2,508 3,144   1.8 1.5 1.4
Virginia 668 758 863   16,299 17,810 20,822   4.1 4.3 4.1
Washington 365 490 544   9,720 12,449 13,215   3.8 3.9 4.1
West Virginia 80 97 93   2,750 2,945 3,772   2.9 3.3 2.5
Wisconsin 520 508 650   10,260 12,187 12,881   5.1 4.2 5.0
Wyoming 50 33 43   910 757 839   5.5 4.4 5.1
                       
Puerto Rico 73 163 147   4,807 4,817 5,293   1.5 3.4 2.8
 

NOTES: S&E degrees conferred include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate. S&E degrees include agricultural; biological; computer; earth, atmospheric, and ocean; physical; and social sciences; mathematics, psychology, and engineering.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

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