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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions



Findings

  • During 2010, the total annual nominal charge for a full-time undergraduate student to attend a public 4-year institution averaged $15,014 nationally, an increase of 82% since 2000 in current dollars. This was equivalent to an increase of approximately 43% after adjusting for inflation.
  • All states showed major increases in undergraduate charges at public institutions in 2010, compared with 2000. In several states, undergraduate charges more than doubled during this period.
  • In 2010, the state average for a year of undergraduate education at a public 4-year institution ranged from a low of $10,109 to a high of $21,591.
  • Tuition and required fees averaged 45% of the total charges at public 4-year institutions in 2010, but individual states had different cost structures.


Description

The average annual charge for an undergraduate student to attend a public 4-year academic institution is one indicator of how accessible higher education is to a state's students. The annual charge includes standard in-state charges for tuition, required fees, room, and board for a full-time undergraduate student who is a resident of that state. These charges were weighted by the number of full-time undergraduates attending each public institution within the state. The total charge for all public 4-year institutions in the state was divided by the total number of full-time undergraduates attending all public 4-year institutions in the state. The year is the end date of the academic year. For example, data for 2010 represent costs for the 2009–10 academic year.

To improve educational attainment, the federal government, state governments, and academic institutions provide various kinds of financial aid that reduce the charge to students. The data in this indicator do not include any adjustments for such financial aid.

Data Table

Table 8-25
Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2010
(Dollars)
 
State 2000 2005 2010
 
United States 8,265 11,441 15,014
Alabama 6,742 9,819 13,052
Alaska 8,333 9,936 13,281
Arizona 7,362 10,863 15,710
Arkansas 6,416 8,734 11,841
California 9,183 13,356 17,652
Colorado 7,994 10,243 15,056
Connecticut 10,136 13,824 18,331
Delaware 9,876 13,353 18,383
District of Columbia NA NA NA
Florida 7,474 9,335 11,659
Georgia 7,295 9,439 12,552
Hawaii 8,056 9,131 14,182
Idaho 6,323 9,066 10,895
Illinois 9,002 12,803 19,355
Indiana 8,845 12,240 15,590
Iowa 7,210 11,541 14,174
Kansas 6,324 9,397 12,578
Kentucky 6,481 9,400 14,228
Louisiana 5,910 7,973 10,873
Maine 9,089 11,826 17,020
Maryland 10,345 14,108 16,407
Massachusetts 9,212 13,687 17,819
Michigan 9,513 12,658 17,852
Minnesota 7,665 11,958 15,730
Mississippi 6,456 9,019 11,583
Missouri 8,185 11,356 14,368
Montana 7,463 9,867 12,399
Nebraska 7,258 10,704 13,265
Nevada 7,812 10,464 13,682
New Hampshire 11,052 14,651 20,492
New Jersey 11,450 16,349 21,591
New Mexico 6,600 8,675 11,809
New York 9,998 12,441 16,147
North Carolina 6,483 9,450 11,874
North Dakota 6,994 9,011 11,891
Ohio 9,900 15,256 17,133
Oklahoma 5,735 8,451 11,444
Oregon 9,065 12,177 15,629
Pennsylvania 10,534 14,771 19,017
Rhode Island 10,595 13,541 18,509
South Carolina 7,703 12,165 16,788
South Dakota 6,520 8,944 12,022
Tennessee 6,555 9,445 12,748
Texas 7,497 10,233 13,764
Utah 6,299 8,348 10,109
Vermont 12,478 15,658 20,735
Virginia 8,619 11,616 15,616
Washington 8,314 11,902 15,189
West Virginia 7,105 9,450 12,426
Wisconsin 7,268 9,872 13,190
Wyoming 7,091 8,514 10,952
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States from Digest of Education Statistics data tables. Average charges for entire academic year (reported in current dollars). Tuition and fees weighted by number of full-time-equivalent undergraduates but not adjusted to reflect student residency. Room and board based on full-time students.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.