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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

State funding for major public research universities per enrolled student



Findings

  • From 2002 to 2010, state funds for operating expenses of all public institutions of higher education increased by 21%. For major public research universities, state funds increased by only 8% dropping the states' share of their total operating funds from 28% to 19%.
  • When adjusted for inflation, total state expenditures for public higher education were essentially flat over the decade, while the amount going to major public research universities decreased by 10%.
  • Between 2002 and 2008, total enrollment at major public research universities increased by 8% and undergraduate enrollment at all public 4-year institutions increased by 22%.
  • Over the decade, per-student state support to major research universities dropped by an average of 20% in inflation-adjusted dollars. In 10 states, the decline ranged from 30% to 48%. New York and Wyoming increased their funds per enrollment by over half. Their funds per student in 2010 put them among the top 5 states on this measure.


Description

Public research universities rely on state support for a substantial share of their operating revenues, most of which support their education function. An indicator of states' investment in the education of their students is the amount of funding provided per enrolled student. Eventually, changes in these funds affect the institutions' financial health and the quality of education they provide.

Data for this indicator cover 102 public research universities with broad educational missions (excluding free-standing medical and engineering schools when possible). These institutions are either the leading recipient of academic R&D funding in their state or among the nation's top 100 recipients of academic R&D funding to public universities. State funds include state operating grants and contracts as well as state appropriations. Enrollment includes total enrollment measured in the fall of each academic year. Total state funds are shown in current dollars; the Findings also address constant dollar results.

Data were drawn from annual surveys of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), and supplemented with data from Illinois State University's Center for the Study of Education Policy when NCES data were unavailable or incomplete.

State funds are one of many sources of public university revenue. This indicator does not include changes in these other sources of revenue.

Data Table

Table 8-29
State funding for major public research universities per enrolled student, by state: 2002, 2006, and 2010
 
  State funding for major public research universities ($ thousands)   Enrolled students   State funding for major public research universities/enrolled student ($)
State 2002 2006 2010   2002 2006 2010   2002 2006 2010
 
United States 23,826,069 24,969,781 25,835,178   2,527,368 2,663,015 2,844,570   9,427 9,377 9,082
Alabama 440,152 537,351 529,456   43,918 46,989 49,157   10,022 11,436 10,771
Alaska 97,177 125,062 164,911   7,142 8,228 9,137   13,606 15,200 18,049
Arizona 618,184 705,582 761,297   81,440 88,648 106,831   7,591 7,959 7,126
Arkansas 166,884 184,955 214,863   15,752 17,821 19,849   10,594 10,378 10,825
California 3,317,385 2,887,676 3,161,359   222,500 232,159 253,013   14,910 12,438 12,495
Colorado 355,986 262,707 235,480   58,166 59,369 61,912   6,120 4,425 3,803
Connecticut 188,379 205,800 239,156   19,876 23,185 25,029   9,478 8,876 9,555
Delaware 120,736 139,441 148,308   20,949 20,982 21,138   5,763 6,646 7,016
District of Columbia 46,068 61,266 62,070   5,456 5,363 4,960   8,444 11,424 12,514
Florida 1,457,282 1,808,109 1,704,160   186,295 213,259 223,509   7,822 8,478 7,625
Georgia 908,772 912,554 804,648   73,635 76,762 85,603   12,342 11,888 9,400
Hawaii 198,539 231,273 220,156   17,532 20,644 20,435   11,324 11,203 10,773
Idaho 130,026 138,166 118,466   12,067 12,476 11,957   10,775 11,075 9,908
Illinois 954,329 753,066 766,844   85,844 88,191 91,071   11,117 8,539 8,420
Indiana 532,994 532,791 563,341   77,845 78,109 83,399   6,847 6,821 6,755
Iowa 590,225 565,168 541,689   56,591 54,167 56,932   10,430 10,434 9,515
Kansas 313,888 320,226 317,732   48,178 50,116 52,823   6,515 6,390 6,015
Kentucky 514,549 602,485 559,642   43,583 46,398 47,311   11,806 12,985 11,829
Louisiana 288,601 330,639 320,314   32,059 34,128 28,643   9,002 9,688 11,183
Maine 96,188 101,515 102,969   10,698 11,435 11,894   8,991 8,878 8,657
Maryland 529,049 466,392 507,435   45,397 47,019 50,065   11,654 9,919 10,136
Massachusetts 227,241 263,877 218,861   24,678 25,093 27,016   9,208 10,516 8,101
Michigan 1,040,859 937,704 923,999   113,515 117,319 120,531   9,169 7,993 7,666
Minnesota 611,601 606,249 621,463   46,597 51,175 51,659   13,125 11,847 12,030
Mississippi 224,924 233,863 257,505   29,504 31,002 34,533   7,624 7,543 7,457
Missouri 223,274 252,801 306,294   23,667 27,930 31,237   9,434 9,051 9,805
Montana 62,345 62,875 63,841   11,670 12,143 12,348   5,342 5,178 5,170
Nebraska 217,607 222,523 250,498   22,764 21,675 24,100   9,559 10,266 10,394
Nevada 146,094 198,620 148,492   14,316 16,336 16,875   10,205 12,158 8,800
New Hampshire 65,447 66,162 73,144   14,766 14,511 15,253   4,432 4,559 4,795
New Jersey 646,252 682,817 572,428   44,512 42,507 46,206   14,519 16,064 12,389
New Mexico 383,411 459,827 534,212   38,977 42,244 45,767   9,837 10,885 11,672
New York 556,999 1,161,303 1,295,820   76,717 80,289 86,291   7,260 14,464 15,017
North Carolina 760,128 915,647 1,050,584   54,780 57,424 62,735   13,876 15,945 16,746
North Dakota 132,543 153,291 204,312   22,298 25,053 27,361   5,944 6,119 7,467
Ohio 702,689 731,819 776,038   96,079 97,637 109,212   7,314 7,495 7,106
Oklahoma 368,093 362,186 386,065   47,112 50,198 48,914   7,813 7,215 7,893
Oregon 217,853 218,217 213,453   36,969 39,571 44,285   5,893 5,515 4,820
Pennsylvania 774,683 827,682 946,362   97,410 100,963 110,020   7,953 8,198 8,602
Rhode Island 91,296 91,073 67,353   14,264 15,095 16,389   6,400 6,033 4,110
South Carolina 391,965 378,784 347,733   40,101 44,230 47,593   9,774 8,564 7,306
South Dakota 52,069 60,701 67,324   9,260 10,938 12,376   5,623 5,550 5,440
Tennessee 400,660 433,396 458,400   26,033 28,512 29,934   15,390 15,200 15,314
Texas 1,067,096 1,118,929 1,227,595   140,695 144,430 152,480   7,584 7,747 8,051
Utah 391,336 416,127 396,268   50,669 45,016 44,896   7,723 9,244 8,826
Vermont 43,369 50,131 51,893   10,078 11,597 13,391   4,303 4,323 3,875
Virginia 841,601 831,820 796,312   120,467 131,914 143,477   6,986 6,306 5,550
Washington 591,118 602,357 635,081   58,485 62,795 72,044   10,107 9,592 8,815
West Virginia 218,982 206,953 232,538   22,774 26,051 28,898   9,615 7,944 8,047
Wisconsin 388,883 382,379 432,132   40,922 40,793 41,654   9,503 9,374 10,374
Wyoming 120,257 167,445 234,883   12,366 13,126 12,427   9,725 12,757 18,901
                       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA   NA NA NA   NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTES: National average state funds per enrolled student from Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. For District of Columbia, funds are local education taxes. For Colorado, Connecticut, Kansas, New Jersey, and Tennessee, data for certain years include data from the Center for the Study of Education Policy's Grapevine tables. For Colorado, Connecticut, and Kansas, 2010 state funds are projected based on 2009. All other 2010 funds are preliminary.

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System; Illinois State University Center for the Study of Education Policy.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

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