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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce

Individuals in science and engineering occupations as a percentage of the workforce



Findings

  • In 2010, 4.0% of the U.S. workforce (about 5.5 million people), worked in occupations classified as S&E. This is an increase from the 5.0 million S&E workers in 2003.
  • In 2010, the percentage of the workforce engaged in S&E occupations ranged from 2.0% to 6.6% in individual states.
  • The highest percentages of S&E occupations were found in the District of Columbia and the adjacent states of Maryland and Virginia as well as in Massachusetts, Washington, and Colorado in 2010.


Description

This indicator represents the extent to which a state's workforce is employed in S&E occupations. A high value indicates that a state's economy has a high percentage of technical jobs relative to other states.

S&E occupations are defined by standard occupational codes. They include engineers and computer, mathematical, life, physical, and social scientists. Managers, technicians, elementary and secondary schoolteachers, and medical personnel are not included.

Data on individuals in S&E occupations come from a survey of workplaces that assigns workers to a state based on where they work. Estimates do not include self-employed persons and are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from data provided by state workforce agencies. Data on the size of the workforce are BLS estimates and represent the employed component of the civilian labor force. In these estimates, workers are assigned to a state based on where they live.

Situations in which workers live in one state and work in another introduce some imprecision into the calculation of this indicator. The treatment of postsecondary teachers is another source of imprecision. Due to the way the data are collected, faculty teaching in S&E fields are not included as workers in S&E occupations. Estimates for states with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations.

Data Table

Table 8-33
Individuals in science and engineering occupations as a percentage of the workforce, by state: 2003, 2006, and 2010
 
  S&E occupations   Employed workforce   Workforce in S&E occupations (%)
State 2003 2006 2010   2003 2006 2010   2003 2006 2010
 
United States 4,961,550 5,407,710 5,549,980   137,186,622 143,729,350 138,893,366   3.62 3.76 4.00
Alabama 56,380 66,100 68,450   1,989,784 2,098,462 1,925,064   2.83 3.15 3.56
Alaska 10,600 10,720 15,430   310,762 326,109 332,403   3.41 3.29 4.64
Arizona 92,120 98,110 102,870   2,573,137 2,836,638 2,859,967   3.58 3.46 3.60
Arkansas 21,340 24,860 29,200   1,195,942 1,286,887 1,246,647   1.78 1.93 2.34
California 676,180 730,010 758,830   16,200,064 16,821,266 15,916,288   4.17 4.34 4.77
Colorado 124,140 133,730 143,210   2,339,532 2,541,828 2,447,712   5.31 5.26 5.85
Connecticut 81,380 79,380 74,990   1,696,857 1,745,993 1,724,024   4.80 4.55 4.35
Delaware 17,370 21,550 20,920   403,504 424,618 389,583   4.30 5.08 5.37
District of Columbia 54,890 64,120 59,870   285,361 303,791 300,663   19.24 21.11 19.91
Florida 221,070 246,190 239,600   7,785,547 8,584,095 8,159,147   2.84 2.87 2.94
Georgia 144,170 136,470 145,220   4,173,787 4,500,150 4,213,719   3.45 3.03 3.45
Hawaii 16,090 18,940 19,500   592,469 617,807 587,407   2.72 3.07 3.32
Idaho 22,150 NA 24,130   652,161 718,077 687,321   3.40 NA 3.51
Illinois 211,230 222,470 197,120   5,916,830 6,225,095 5,964,868   3.57 3.57 3.30
Indiana 78,410 80,110 90,710   2,997,847 3,080,047 2,822,693   2.62 2.60 3.21
Iowa 37,320 43,670 44,140   1,537,341 1,595,136 1,568,012   2.43 2.74 2.82
Kansas 51,970 48,620 48,970   1,364,787 1,403,938 1,396,558   3.81 3.46 3.51
Kentucky 45,230 44,680 48,790   1,848,059 1,904,467 1,865,961   2.45 2.35 2.61
Louisiana 41,900 40,180 44,200   1,898,829 1,900,240 1,926,492   2.21 2.11 2.29
Maine 15,020 15,950 17,470   650,458 665,856 641,978   2.31 2.40 2.72
Maryland 149,250 159,470 166,700   2,741,325 2,892,733 2,758,219   5.44 5.51 6.04
Massachusetts 184,690 198,670 208,160   3,209,062 3,255,504 3,197,210   5.76 6.10 6.51
Michigan 182,940 208,520 176,570   4,675,567 4,722,716 4,192,819   3.91 4.42 4.21
Minnesota 117,120 125,930 125,100   2,750,938 2,774,524 2,746,492   4.26 4.54 4.55
Mississippi 22,190 24,910 23,770   1,226,293 1,199,871 1,176,340   1.81 2.08 2.02
Missouri 84,150 96,420 102,300   2,813,571 2,889,461 2,725,527   2.99 3.34 3.75
Montana 11,450 13,010 14,620   450,190 476,412 461,337   2.54 2.73 3.17
Nebraska 30,710 32,500 30,930   931,622 943,176 931,414   3.30 3.45 3.32
Nevada 22,330 26,930 26,840   1,093,507 1,222,277 1,149,537   2.04 2.20 2.33
New Hampshire 23,430 27,680 29,200   679,420 708,748 698,859   3.45 3.91 4.18
New Jersey 161,420 176,460 185,360   4,108,397 4,257,899 4,076,713   3.93 4.14 4.55
New Mexico 33,600 30,800 36,130   835,835 886,708 873,112   4.02 3.47 4.14
New York 272,440 306,810 NA   8,703,889 9,062,464 8,806,778   3.13 3.39 NA
North Carolina 132,440 138,790 155,030   3,973,635 4,261,325 4,036,343   3.33 3.26 3.84
North Dakota 8,430 9,360 11,050   336,353 349,368 355,615   2.51 2.68 3.11
Ohio 177,100 185,190 195,840   5,498,936 5,602,764 5,303,019   3.22 3.31 3.69
Oklahoma 44,360 50,770 44,190   1,598,614 1,650,070 1,630,925   2.77 3.08 2.71
Oregon 61,230 64,520 NA   1,699,679 1,792,039 1,769,599   3.60 3.60 NA
Pennsylvania 185,560 214,910 NA   5,795,701 6,021,084 5,791,061   3.20 3.57 NA
Rhode Island 18,740 18,060 18,210   533,265 543,973 509,073   3.51 3.32 3.58
South Carolina 48,740 53,230 56,230   1,854,419 1,970,912 1,922,815   2.63 2.70 2.92
South Dakota 9,150 10,120 11,150   408,089 421,799 422,562   2.24 2.40 2.64
Tennessee 63,680 67,040 71,850   2,731,371 2,852,509 2,759,243   2.33 2.35 2.60
Texas 365,270 408,710 451,390   10,228,640 10,757,510 11,141,903   3.57 3.80 4.05
Utah 45,570 49,690 50,830   1,139,129 1,285,389 1,262,083   4.00 3.87 4.03
Vermont 11,420 12,780 12,670   331,292 343,149 338,295   3.45 3.72 3.75
Virginia 209,280 251,720 255,800   3,647,095 3,862,508 3,896,167   5.74 6.52 6.57
Washington 150,230 171,780 186,210   2,913,230 3,155,384 3,192,117   5.16 5.44 5.83
West Virginia 16,220 17,150 17,070   742,424 777,210 711,068   2.18 2.21 2.40
Wisconsin 93,320 96,860 99,240   2,862,587 2,932,482 2,807,301   3.26 3.30 3.54
Wyoming 6,130 7,640 8,260   259,489 276,882 273,313   2.36 2.76 3.02
                       
Puerto Rico 19,940 23,850 20,850   1,200,322 1,260,703 1,088,762   1.66 1.89 1.92
 

NA = not available

NOTES: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted. National total for S&E occupations in the United States provided by Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) and includes states with suppressed data. OES estimates for 2003, 2006, and 2010 S&E occupations based upon May data.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.