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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce

Employed science and engineering doctorate holders as a percentage of the workforce



Findings

  • The number of employed S&E doctorate holders in the United States rose from 517,000 in 1997 to 648,000 in 2008, an increase of 25%.
  • Overall, the value of this indicator rose from 0.39% in 1997 to 0.45% in 2008 because the number of employed S&E doctorate holders nationwide increased more rapidly than the size of the workforce.
  • In 2008, the values for this indicator in individual states ranged from 0.18% to 1.07% of a state's workforce.
  • States in the top quartile tended to be home to major research laboratories, research universities, or research-intensive industries.


Description

This indicator represents a state's ability to attract and retain highly trained scientists and engineers. These individuals often conduct R&D, manage R&D activities, or are otherwise engaged in knowledge-intensive activities. A high value for this indicator in a state suggests employment opportunities for individuals with highly advanced training in S&E fields.

Data on employed S&E doctorate holders include those with doctoral degrees in computer and mathematical sciences; the biological, agricultural, or environmental life sciences; physical sciences; social sciences; psychology; engineering; and health fields. S&E doctorate data exclude individuals with doctorates from foreign institutions and those above the age of 75. S&E doctorate holders are assigned to a state based on where they work.

Employed workforce data are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which assigns workers to a state based on where they live. Workforce data represent annual estimates of the employed civilian labor force; estimates are not seasonally adjusted.

Small differences in the values of the indicator between states or across time are generally not meaningful.

Data Table

Table 8-34
Employed science and engineering doctorate holders as a percentage of the workforce, by state: 1997, 2003, and 2008
 
  Employed S&E doctorate holdersa   Employed workforce   S&E doctorate holders in workforce (%)
State 1997 2003 2008   1997 2003 2008   1997 2003 2008
 
United States 516,560 590,910 647,800   130,988,267 137,186,622 144,860,347   0.39 0.43 0.45
Alabama 6,610 5,730 6,000   2,035,156 1,989,784 2,061,601   0.32 0.29 0.29
Alaska 1,110 1,140 1,200   289,963 310,762 332,389   0.38 0.37 0.36
Arizona 6,280 7,500 8,800   2,196,901 2,573,137 2,934,136   0.29 0.29 0.30
Arkansas 2,320 2,790 2,400   1,177,143 1,195,942 1,300,420   0.20 0.23 0.18
California 70,490 86,550 95,700   14,780,791 16,200,064 16,883,425   0.48 0.53 0.57
Colorado 10,740 12,220 13,100   2,154,294 2,339,532 2,605,535   0.50 0.52 0.50
Connecticut 8,770 9,780 10,600   1,674,937 1,696,857 1,763,911   0.52 0.58 0.60
Delaware 3,710 3,000 3,300   378,117 403,504 419,184   0.98 0.74 0.79
District of Columbia 11,800 13,800 13,100   262,789 285,361 312,877   4.49 4.84 4.19
Florida 13,330 16,000 18,600   7,040,660 7,785,547 8,621,454   0.19 0.21 0.22
Georgia 9,880 12,220 13,500   3,751,699 4,173,787 4,517,730   0.26 0.29 0.30
Hawaii 2,550 3,040 3,200   566,766 592,469 613,803   0.45 0.51 0.52
Idaho 2,030 2,450 2,800   598,004 652,161 722,714   0.34 0.38 0.39
Illinois 21,260 22,400 24,200   5,988,296 5,916,830 6,247,985   0.36 0.38 0.39
Indiana 7,570 9,590 10,300   3,014,499 2,997,847 3,049,268   0.25 0.32 0.34
Iowa 4,120 4,660 5,200   1,555,837 1,537,341 1,607,923   0.26 0.30 0.32
Kansas 3,770 4,060 4,300   1,329,797 1,364,787 1,421,107   0.28 0.30 0.30
Kentucky 4,110 4,720 4,800   1,809,785 1,848,059 1,898,083   0.23 0.26 0.25
Louisiana 5,360 5,420 5,200   1,890,102 1,898,829 1,974,881   0.28 0.29 0.26
Maine 2,150 2,110 2,300   624,410 650,458 665,057   0.34 0.32 0.35
Maryland 21,020 25,280 28,100   2,646,200 2,741,325 2,900,018   0.79 0.92 0.97
Massachusetts 23,330 30,220 35,000   3,158,851 3,209,062 3,283,147   0.74 0.94 1.07
Michigan 15,050 17,130 16,700   4,748,691 4,675,567 4,554,464   0.32 0.37 0.37
Minnesota 9,810 11,110 12,600   2,605,673 2,750,938 2,778,500   0.38 0.40 0.45
Mississippi 3,000 3,120 3,300   1,200,845 1,226,293 1,205,464   0.25 0.25 0.27
Missouri 9,490 9,080 10,000   2,780,185 2,813,571 2,869,569   0.34 0.32 0.35
Montana 1,690 1,740 2,100   427,504 450,190 485,375   0.40 0.39 0.43
Nebraska 3,010 2,820 2,800   904,492 931,622 960,438   0.33 0.30 0.29
Nevada 1,620 2,070 2,800   895,258 1,093,507 1,246,696   0.18 0.19 0.22
New Hampshire 2,230 2,640 2,900   635,469 679,420 716,611   0.35 0.39 0.40
New Jersey 20,440 20,980 21,300   4,031,022 4,108,397 4,256,251   0.51 0.51 0.50
New Mexico 7,480 8,120 7,800   768,596 835,835 909,809   0.97 0.97 0.86
New York 40,080 44,890 49,000   8,416,544 8,703,889 9,138,034   0.48 0.52 0.54
North Carolina 13,730 17,380 20,100   3,809,601 3,973,635 4,291,565   0.36 0.44 0.47
North Dakota 1,350 1,130 1,300   335,854 336,353 355,622   0.40 0.34 0.37
Ohio 18,700 20,870 20,800   5,448,161 5,498,936 5,570,514   0.34 0.38 0.37
Oklahoma 4,580 4,640 4,500   1,543,105 1,598,614 1,674,485   0.30 0.29 0.27
Oregon 6,210 7,830 8,700   1,652,997 1,699,679 1,828,477   0.38 0.46 0.48
Pennsylvania 23,940 27,820 30,000   5,775,178 5,795,701 6,095,678   0.41 0.48 0.49
Rhode Island 2,450 3,170 2,800   504,147 533,265 528,288   0.49 0.59 0.53
South Carolina 4,780 5,210 6,300   1,819,508 1,854,419 1,998,171   0.26 0.28 0.32
South Dakota 1,060 1,020 1,300   383,216 408,089 432,130   0.28 0.25 0.30
Tennessee 8,520 8,840 10,100   2,640,005 2,731,371 2,854,488   0.32 0.32 0.35
Texas 28,570 33,280 39,900   9,395,279 10,228,640 11,070,779   0.30 0.33 0.36
Utah 4,800 4,240 5,600   1,034,429 1,139,129 1,324,467   0.46 0.37 0.42
Vermont 1,750 1,770 1,800   315,806 331,292 342,130   0.55 0.53 0.53
Virginia 15,250 18,880 21,300   3,323,266 3,647,095 3,954,733   0.46 0.52 0.54
Washington 13,360 15,430 17,700   2,822,223 2,913,230 3,286,973   0.47 0.53 0.54
West Virginia 1,980 1,980 2,000   746,442 742,424 770,845   0.27 0.27 0.26
Wisconsin 8,460 8,390 9,900   2,855,830 2,862,587 2,936,749   0.30 0.29 0.34
Wyoming 860 650 700   243,944 259,489 286,394   0.35 0.25 0.24
                       
Puerto Rico 660 1,710 2,000   1,132,658 1,200,322 1,208,595   0.06 0.14 0.17
 

aCoefficients of variation for estimates of employed S&E doctorate holders presented in appendix table 8-13.

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, (various years); Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.