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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce

Computer specialists as a percentage of the workforce



Findings

  • In the United States, 3.11 million individuals (2.24% of the workforce) were employed as computer specialists in 2010, an increase from the 2.81 million computer specialists employed in 2004, which accounted for 2.03% of the workforce.
  • Individual states showed large differences in the intensity of computer-related operations in their economies, with 0.71% to 4.51% of their workforce employed in computer-related occupations in 2010.
  • There was a significant concentration of computer-intensive occupations in the District of Columbia and the adjacent states of Maryland and Virginia. This may be due to the presence of many government offices, colleges and universities, and government contractors in the area that employ scientists and engineers, especially computer scientists.
  • EPSCoR states tended to have smaller percentages of computer specialists in their workforces and accounted in total for nearly 12% of computer specialists nationally.


Description

This indicator represents the percent of specialists with advanced computer training in a state's workforce. Computer specialists are identified from 10 standard occupational codes that include computer and information scientists, programmers, software engineers, support specialists, systems analysts, database administrators, and network and computer system administrators. Higher values may indicate a state workforce that is better able to thrive in an information economy or to embrace and utilize computer technology.

Data on individuals in S&E occupations come from a survey of workplaces that assigns workers to a state based on where they work. Estimates do not include self-employed persons and are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from data provided by state workforce agencies. Data on the size of the workforce are BLS estimates and represent the employed component of the civilian labor force. In these estimates, workers are assigned to a state based on where they live.

Situations in which workers live in one state and work in another introduce some imprecision into the calculation of this indicator. The treatment of postsecondary teachers is another source of imprecision. Due to the way data are collected, faculty teaching in S&E fields are not included as workers in S&E occupations. Estimates for states with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations.

Data Table

Table 8-37
Computer specialists as a percentage of the workforce, by state: 2004, 2007, and 2010
 
  Computer specialists   Employed workforce   Computer specialists in workforce (%)
State 2004 2007 2010   2004 2007 2010   2004 2007 2010
 
EPSCoR states 285,770 317,290 315,910   22,441,400 23,358,559 22,453,679   1.27 1.36 1.41
Non-EPSCoR states 2,494,820 2,713,430 2,765,040   116,032,794 121,486,928 116,139,024   2.15 2.23 2.38
Average EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   1.32 1.38 1.54
Average non-EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   2.21 2.27 2.49
 
United States 2,811,480 3,062,930 3,111,330   138,762,591 145,156,139 138,893,366   2.03 2.11 2.24
Alabama 29,760 33,010 34,450   2,007,153 2,108,873 1,925,064   1.48 1.57 1.79
Alaska 3,430 3,720 4,770   314,753 329,431 332,403   1.09 1.13 1.44
Arizona 47,170 54,520 58,490   2,650,277 2,903,992 2,859,967   1.78 1.88 2.05
Arkansas 12,140a 15,500 18,420   1,221,553 1,293,947 1,246,647   0.99 1.20 1.48
California 368,000 383,900 408,810   16,354,779 16,970,228 15,916,288   2.25 2.26 2.57
Colorado 74,450 79,930 84,500   2,392,952 2,598,433 2,447,712   3.11 3.08 3.45
Connecticut 45,030 40,900 40,520   1,703,865 1,761,588 1,724,024   2.64 2.32 2.35
Delaware 10,240a 11,950 11,680   408,266 425,289 389,583   2.51 2.81 3.00
District of Columbia 30,890 32,210 30,380   288,397 310,652 300,663   10.71 10.37 10.10
Florida 139,510 141,320 145,710   7,998,202 8,704,110 8,159,147   1.74 1.62 1.79
Georgia 92,680 86,210 94,050   4,249,007 4,561,967 4,213,719   2.18 1.89 2.23
Hawaii 7,810 7,840 8,070   598,175 617,891 587,407   1.31 1.27 1.37
Idaho 8,510 9,410 NA   666,080 731,362 687,321   1.28 1.29 NA
Illinois 115,550a 137,420 124,300   5,968,561 6,323,515 5,964,868   1.94 2.17 2.08
Indiana 36,660 39,850 NA   2,997,800 3,081,177 2,822,693   1.22 1.29 NA
Iowa 22,620 26,400 25,460   1,534,991 1,601,547 1,568,012   1.47 1.65 1.62
Kansas 20,890 25,750 26,810   1,381,343 1,415,942 1,396,558   1.51 1.82 1.92
Kentucky 23,170 24,250 26,090   1,854,703 1,915,131 1,865,961   1.25 1.27 1.40
Louisiana 19,170 16,020 17,420   1,928,464 1,941,642 1,926,492   0.99 0.83 0.90
Maine 6,890 7,660 8,610   653,847 666,305 641,978   1.05 1.15 1.34
Maryland 88,260 89,900 94,120   2,761,583 2,909,290 2,758,219   3.20 3.09 3.41
Massachusetts 105,670 111,910 120,720   3,203,810 3,280,932 3,197,210   3.30 3.41 3.78
Michigan 79,490a 88,980 77,750   4,686,953 4,680,780 4,192,819   1.70 1.90 1.85
Minnesota 66,520 75,230 77,820   2,752,403 2,775,587 2,746,492   2.42 2.71 2.83
Mississippi 8,500 9,290 8,330   1,232,139 1,210,732 1,176,340   0.69 0.77 0.71
Missouri 57,890 61,000 68,500   2,815,878 2,899,695 2,725,527   2.06 2.10 2.51
Montana 4,700a 5,170 5,900   456,385 485,132 461,337   1.03 1.07 1.28
Nebraska 19,520a 20,410 21,360   938,105 953,057 931,414   2.08 2.14 2.29
Nevada 11,410 12,880 13,870   1,128,223 1,247,491 1,149,537   1.01 1.03 1.21
New Hampshire 14,170 16,780 17,680   687,855 715,310 698,859   2.06 2.35 2.53
New Jersey 111,890 121,690 127,160   4,144,223 4,265,294 4,076,713   2.70 2.85 3.12
New Mexico 8,740a 11,490 13,030   849,970 901,704 873,112   1.03 1.27 1.49
New York 177,010 200,900 195,990   8,816,013 9,112,899 8,806,778   2.01 2.20 2.23
North Carolina 78,040 81,630 90,640   4,031,081 4,321,339 4,036,343   1.94 1.89 2.25
North Dakota 4,470 3,140 NA   339,541 353,214 355,615   1.32 0.89 NA
Ohio 95,300 111,160 116,200   5,502,533 5,626,086 5,303,019   1.73 1.98 2.19
Oklahoma 22,290a 27,600 21,320   1,605,641 1,665,819 1,630,925   1.39 1.66 1.31
Oregon 33,630 34,980 35,700   1,714,447 1,822,010 1,769,599   1.96 1.92 2.02
Pennsylvania 101,230 115,300 116,600   5,859,561 6,054,254 5,791,061   1.73 1.90 2.01
Rhode Island 9,710a 9,940 10,280   526,046 545,252 509,073   1.85 1.82 2.02
South Carolina 20,670 25,130 25,610   1,888,050 2,000,185 1,922,815   1.09 1.26 1.33
South Dakota 5,000 5,860 5,570   411,708 428,850 422,562   1.21 1.37 1.32
Tennessee 36,670 38,490 38,200   2,746,241 2,874,173 2,759,243   1.34 1.34 1.38
Texas 204,490 245,730 255,470   10,385,318 10,925,311 11,141,903   1.97 2.25 2.29
Utah 26,830 30,750 31,090   1,179,142 1,319,933 1,262,083   2.28 2.33 2.46
Vermont 6,190 5,610 6,340   334,188 341,588 338,295   1.85 1.64 1.87
Virginia 159,070 171,440 175,640   3,715,272 3,926,052 3,896,167   4.28 4.37 4.51
Washington 85,430 101,030 105,860   2,999,526 3,235,735 3,192,117   2.85 3.12 3.32
West Virginia 6,650 6,900 8,140   746,854 780,869 711,068   0.89 0.88 1.14
Wisconsin 45,730 42,860 55,740   2,868,376 2,951,001 2,807,301   1.59 1.45 1.99
Wyoming 1,740 1,980 2,160   262,358 283,543 273,313   0.66 0.70 0.79
                       
Puerto Rico 7,840 NA 8,960   1,226,251 1,241,426 1,088,762   0.64 NA 0.82
 

NA = not available

EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research

aValue may be underreported because one or more codes for computer occupations suppressed by state or Bureau of Labor Statistics and not reported at state level.

NOTES: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted. For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

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