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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce

Technical workers as a percentage of the workforce



Findings

  • Every state's workforce increased in the use of technical workers in the 6 years from 2004 to 2010. The number of technical workers exceeded the number of doctorate holders, engineers, or life and physical scientists in the workforce during this period.
  • Nearly 1.9 million individuals (1.35% of the U.S. workforce) were employed as technical workers in 2010, an increase from the 1.5 million technical workers employed in 2004, which accounted for 1.11% of the workforce.
  • Individual states showed large differences in the percentage of technical workers in their workforce, with 0.91% to 2.16% of their workforce employed as technical workers in 2010.
  • EPSCoR states tended to have smaller percentages of technical workers in their workforces and accounted in total for nearly 15% of technical workers nationally.


Description

Technical workers include managers in the areas of computer and information science, engineering, or the natural sciences; computer programmers; drafters working in architecture, civil engineering, electronics, or mechanical engineering; and technicians in a wide variety of technical fields. Individuals who work as scientists and engineers are not included in this indicator.

Data on workers' occupations come from a survey of workplaces that assigns workers to a state based on where they work. Estimates are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from data provided by state workforce agencies and do not include self-employed persons. Data on the size of the state workforce are BLS estimates and represent the employed component of the civilian labor force.

Situations in which workers live in one state and work in another introduce some imprecision into the calculation of this indicator. Estimates for states with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations.

Data Table

Table 8-38
Technical workers as a percentage of the workforce, by state: 2004, 2007, and 2010
 
  Technical workers   Employed workforce   Technical workers in workforce (%)  
State 2004 2007 2010   2004 2007 2010   2004 2007 2010
 
EPSCoR states 229,470 295,910 281,200   22,441,400 23,358,559 22,453,679   1.02 1.27 1.25
Non-EPSCoR states 1,299,140 1,747,710 1,583,300   116,032,794 121,486,928 116,139,024   1.12 1.44 1.36
Average EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   1.05 1.33 1.33
Average non-EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   1.14 1.47 1.38
 
United States 1,535,310 2,054,980 1,876,290   138,762,591 145,156,139 138,893,366   1.11 1.42 1.35
Alabama 22,380 26,170 25,250   2,007,153 2,108,873 1,925,064   1.12 1.24 1.31
Alaska 5,120 6,830 6,900   314,753 329,431 332,403   1.63 2.07 2.08
Arizona 29,030 45,980 37,680   2,650,277 2,903,992 2,859,967   1.10 1.58 1.32
Arkansas 10,090 13,340 11,910   1,221,553 1,293,947 1,246,647   0.83 1.03 0.96
California 171,510 251,380 231,630   16,354,779 16,970,228 15,916,288   1.05 1.48 1.46
Colorado 28,880 39,050 33,070   2,392,952 2,598,433 2,447,712   1.21 1.50 1.35
Connecticut 20,710 30,060 29,140   1,703,865 1,761,588 1,724,024   1.22 1.71 1.69
Delaware 4,560 8,550 6,750   408,266 425,289 389,583   1.12 2.01 1.73
District of Columbia 6,700 11,360 11,790   288,397 310,652 300,663   2.32 3.66 3.92
Florida 84,970 97,980 80,170   7,998,202 8,704,110 8,159,147   1.06 1.13 0.98
Georgia 38,580 51,420 44,830   4,249,007 4,561,967 4,213,719   0.91 1.13 1.06
Hawaii 4,930 7,260 6,450   598,175 617,891 587,407   0.82 1.17 1.10
Idaho 7,920 12,880 14,880   666,080 731,362 687,321   1.19 1.76 2.16
Illinois 59,850 78,540 74,590   5,968,561 6,323,515 5,964,868   1.00 1.24 1.25
Indiana 30,990 36,080 33,810   2,997,800 3,081,177 2,822,693   1.03 1.17 1.20
Iowa 12,360 18,850 17,650   1,534,991 1,601,547 1,568,012   0.81 1.18 1.13
Kansas 13,610 18,420 18,090   1,381,343 1,415,942 1,396,558   0.99 1.30 1.30
Kentucky 16,410 18,510 17,990   1,854,703 1,915,131 1,865,961   0.88 0.97 0.96
Louisiana 19,700 24,710 23,730   1,928,464 1,941,642 1,926,492   1.02 1.27 1.23
Maine 6,770 8,200 7,910   653,847 666,305 641,978   1.04 1.23 1.23
Maryland 34,990 47,100 45,900   2,761,583 2,909,290 2,758,219   1.27 1.62 1.66
Massachusetts 42,360 63,400 61,110   3,203,810 3,280,932 3,197,210   1.32 1.93 1.91
Michigan 65,160 73,500 65,340   4,686,953 4,680,780 4,192,819   1.39 1.57 1.56
Minnesota 33,930 47,250 44,080   2,752,403 2,775,587 2,746,492   1.23 1.70 1.60
Mississippi 9,370 13,620 10,920   1,232,139 1,210,732 1,176,340   0.76 1.12 0.93
Missouri 27,980 34,560 30,930   2,815,878 2,899,695 2,725,527   0.99 1.19 1.13
Montana 5,740 8,100 8,120   456,385 485,132 461,337   1.26 1.67 1.76
Nebraska 9,560 11,260 10,500   938,105 953,057 931,414   1.02 1.18 1.13
Nevada 10,240 12,980 11,300   1,128,223 1,247,491 1,149,537   0.91 1.04 0.98
New Hampshire 7,290 9,760 10,010   687,855 715,310 698,859   1.06 1.36 1.43
New Jersey 52,180 67,710 63,350   4,144,223 4,265,294 4,076,713   1.26 1.59 1.55
New Mexico 12,930 16,540 15,750   849,970 901,704 873,112   1.52 1.83 1.80
New York 85,140 121,560 115,390   8,816,013 9,112,899 8,806,778   0.97 1.33 1.31
North Carolina 43,300 62,140 52,580   4,031,081 4,321,339 4,036,343   1.07 1.44 1.30
North Dakota 3,440 4,130 5,050   339,541 353,214 355,615   1.01 1.17 1.42
Ohio 56,900 68,930 63,510   5,502,533 5,626,086 5,303,019   1.03 1.23 1.20
Oklahoma 15,580 20,250 19,350   1,605,641 1,665,819 1,630,925   0.97 1.22 1.19
Oregon 21,840 31,980 27,770   1,714,447 1,822,010 1,769,599   1.27 1.76 1.57
Pennsylvania 62,880 81,430 70,910   5,859,561 6,054,254 5,791,061   1.07 1.35 1.22
Rhode Island 4,990 6,920 5,990   526,046 545,252 509,073   0.95 1.27 1.18
South Carolina 21,130 26,970 23,860   1,888,050 2,000,185 1,922,815   1.12 1.35 1.24
South Dakota 3,380 3,790 3,860   411,708 428,850 422,562   0.82 0.88 0.91
Tennessee 27,650 32,890 28,440   2,746,241 2,874,173 2,759,243   1.01 1.14 1.03
Texas 132,850 181,730 162,150   10,385,318 10,925,311 11,141,903   1.28 1.66 1.46
Utah 16,360 23,090 19,470   1,179,142 1,319,933 1,262,083   1.39 1.75 1.54
Vermont 3,800 4,350 4,030   334,188 341,588 338,295   1.14 1.27 1.19
Virginia 48,320 64,330 59,520   3,715,272 3,926,052 3,896,167   1.30 1.64 1.53
Washington 40,390 55,080 54,330   2,999,526 3,235,735 3,192,117   1.35 1.70 1.70
West Virginia 7,870 8,500 8,550   746,854 780,869 711,068   1.05 1.09 1.20
Wisconsin 30,030 41,690 35,950   2,868,376 2,951,001 2,807,301   1.05 1.41 1.28
Wyoming 2,660 3,870 4,050   262,358 283,543 273,313   1.01 1.36 1.48
                       
Puerto Rico 9,680 NA 10,400   1,226,251 1,241,426 1,088,762   0.79 NA 0.96
 

na = not applicable; NA = not available

EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research

NOTES: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted. For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

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