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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Science and Technology in the Economy

Employment in high-technology establishments as percentage of total employment



Findings

  • Employment in high-technology industries in the United States increased slightly from 13.6 million in 2003 to 13.9 million in 2008.
  • Nationwide, the value of this indicator declined from 11.96% in 2003 to 11.47% in 2008.
  • On this indicator, states varied greatly in 2008, ranging from 5.5% to 16.0% of their workforce employed in high-technology industries.
  • During the 2003–08 period, Michigan and New York recorded the largest net losses of jobs in high-technology industries, while Texas, Virginia, Florida, and Georgia posted the largest net gains of jobs in high-technology industries.
  • States were distributed similarly on the high-technology employment and high-technology establishment indicators.


Description

This indicator represents the extent to which a state's workforce is employed in high-technology industries. High-technology industries are defined as those in which the proportion of employees in technology-oriented occupations is at least twice the average proportion for all industries. High-technology occupations include scientific, engineering, and technician occupations that employ workers who generally possess in-depth knowledge of the theories and principles of science, engineering, and mathematics at a postsecondary level.

The data pertaining to establishments are based on their classification according to the 2002 edition of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). See table 8-A in the "Introduction" for a list of the 46 industries (by 4-digit NAICS code) that are defined as high technology. Data on total employment and NAICS industry establishment employment are provided by the Census Bureau and differ from workforce data provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Total employment refers to all U.S. business establishments with paid employees, but does not include crop and animal production, rail transportation, the postal service, public administration, or most government employees.

Data Table

Table 8-54
Employment in high-technology establishments as share of total employment, by state: 2003, 2006, and 2008
 
  Employment in high-technology establishments   Total employment   High-technology/Total employment (%)
State 2003 2006 2008   2003 2006 2008   2003 2006 2008
 
United States 13,563,122 13,733,632 13,870,679   113,373,663 119,892,505 120,933,454   11.96 11.45 11.47
Alabama 152,879 162,197 162,713   1,597,265 1,713,185 1,714,898   9.57 9.47 9.49
Alaska 21,851 27,306 30,794   216,707 241,568 248,274   10.08 11.30 12.40
Arizona 234,603 246,648 243,159   1,997,990 2,334,665 2,334,785   11.74 10.56 10.41
Arkansas 95,180 93,648 93,991   988,822 1,041,868 1,025,872   9.63 8.99 9.16
California 1,781,830 1,826,638 1,785,871   12,986,496 13,830,274 13,746,493   13.72 13.21 12.99
Colorado 274,979 272,952 291,442   1,883,883 2,018,905 2,121,945   14.60 13.52 13.73
Connecticut 210,114 198,450 200,106   1,550,615 1,585,660 1,551,373   13.55 12.52 12.90
Delaware 52,349 47,749 42,178   385,098 388,178 389,927   13.59 12.30 10.82
District of Columbia 54,314 57,297 61,916   422,912 446,502 466,152   12.84 12.83 13.28
Florida 576,274 618,540 614,504   6,548,276 7,534,165 7,367,042   8.80 8.21 8.34
Georgia 413,384 428,272 448,230   3,386,590 3,622,522 3,633,902   12.21 11.82 12.33
Hawaii 25,777 28,848 28,500   458,952 512,488 518,052   5.62 5.63 5.50
Idaho 55,706 59,082 56,624   466,379 546,108 537,706   11.94 10.82 10.53
Illinois 646,285 619,777 662,391   5,204,887 5,356,504 5,463,437   12.42 11.57 12.12
Indiana 219,598 224,644 227,568   2,540,554 2,672,558 2,619,567   8.64 8.41 8.69
Iowa 102,387 96,190 105,099   1,232,709 1,295,143 1,317,765   8.31 7.43 7.98
Kansas 155,023 146,849 169,118   1,109,699 1,142,487 1,185,876   13.97 12.85 14.26
Kentucky 121,838 125,204 129,162   1,471,622 1,551,791 1,570,686   8.28 8.07 8.22
Louisiana 137,029 143,846 145,702   1,603,492 1,592,682 1,654,417   8.55 9.03 8.81
Maine 35,184 37,934 40,028   488,788 508,061 508,905   7.20 7.47 7.87
Maryland 315,887 326,546 333,584   2,088,552 2,231,888 2,235,033   15.12 14.63 14.93
Massachusetts 460,984 496,630 464,759   2,974,164 3,043,643 3,076,457   15.50 16.32 15.11
Michigan 499,133 475,350 424,066   3,884,881 3,817,762 3,637,690   12.85 12.45 11.66
Minnesota 315,994 329,927 318,203   2,381,860 2,475,859 2,517,847   13.27 13.33 12.64
Mississippi 66,566 64,558 64,420   912,004 940,329 944,776   7.30 6.87 6.82
Missouri 254,299 263,494 272,023   2,387,245 2,467,626 2,472,861   10.65 10.68 11.00
Montana 20,296 26,958 23,651   302,932 342,461 359,721   6.70 7.87 6.57
Nebraska 68,975 64,779 66,152   774,858 789,117 805,633   8.90 8.21 8.21
Nevada 61,847 66,875 72,942   970,678 1,165,243 1,156,305   6.37 5.74 6.31
New Hampshire 63,264 64,914 79,105   540,132 577,322 595,473   11.71 11.24 13.28
New Jersey 550,224 550,515 556,378   3,578,674 3,644,967 3,646,897   15.38 15.10 15.26
New Mexico 60,399 68,627 72,838   571,057 628,472 641,010   10.58 10.92 11.36
New York 823,992 790,696 758,087   7,415,430 7,531,772 7,622,956   11.11 10.50 9.94
North Carolina 349,424 358,501 370,028   3,337,552 3,523,954 3,585,005   10.47 10.17 10.32
North Dakota 20,584 22,450 33,096   258,878 278,395 304,892   7.95 8.06 10.85
Ohio 531,491 518,835 514,408   4,769,406 4,824,859 4,728,989   11.14 10.75 10.88
Oklahoma 132,887 141,575 137,334   1,184,312 1,276,743 1,335,467   11.22 11.09 10.28
Oregon 152,140 161,641 166,086   1,338,380 1,461,339 1,482,627   11.37 11.06 11.20
Pennsylvania 566,406 549,180 564,569   5,028,650 5,189,349 5,233,871   11.26 10.58 10.79
Rhode Island 35,806 41,020 42,046   427,369 440,715 433,626   8.38 9.31 9.70
South Carolina 163,373 170,200 167,198   1,550,227 1,631,690 1,654,494   10.54 10.43 10.11
South Dakota 18,890 20,202 22,551   299,723 325,045 337,830   6.30 6.22 6.68
Tennessee 219,898 245,517 225,724   2,298,836 2,472,939 2,493,070   9.57 9.93 9.05
Texas 1,158,481 1,144,997 1,210,285   8,049,300 8,709,575 9,232,889   14.39 13.15 13.11
Utah 99,856 114,815 124,399   900,331 1,038,879 1,114,776   11.09 11.05 11.16
Vermont 29,402 27,001 29,372   256,401 263,759 272,847   11.47 10.24 10.77
Virginia 459,017 502,890 508,097   2,932,471 3,173,767 3,186,112   15.65 15.85 15.95
Washington 401,413 347,710 387,407   2,292,462 2,420,633 2,536,196   17.51 14.36 15.28
West Virginia 46,635 45,284 45,280   561,317 583,033 592,356   8.31 7.77 7.64
Wisconsin 233,967 253,499 259,072   2,382,979 2,481,998 2,496,839   9.82 10.21 10.38
Wyoming 15,008 16,375 18,423   180,866 204,058 221,835   8.30 8.02 8.30
                       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA   NA NA NA   NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

SOURCE: Census Bureau, special tabulations (2011) of 1989–2008 Business Information Tracking Series.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data

State Data Tool

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