Table 8-46
Academic science and engineering R&D per $1,000 of gross domestic product, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2009
 
  Academic S&E R&D ($thousands)   State GDP ($millions)   Academic R&D ($)/$1,000 GDP
State 2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009   2000 2005 2009
 
EPSCoR states 3,949,767 6,161,002 7,236,610   1,368,845 1,809,030 2,042,476   2.89 3.41 3.54
Non-EPSCoR states 25,784,807 39,205,177 47,239,938   8,457,057 10,662,668 11,873,474   3.05 3.68 3.98
Average EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   2.95 3.66 3.67
Average non-EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   3.25 3.87 4.16
 
United States 29,980,402 45,669,100 54,802,274   9,884,171 12,554,535 14,014,842   3.03 3.64 3.91
Alabama 428,122 589,860 761,982   116,014 151,096 166,819   3.69 3.90 4.57
Alaska 107,417 153,721 132,554   25,913 37,824 45,861   4.15 4.06 2.89
Arizona 465,777 720,184 873,063   161,901 222,968 249,711   2.88 3.23 3.50
Arkansas 130,894 209,518 239,593   68,146 88,227 98,795   1.92 2.37 2.43
California 4,053,042 6,264,908 7,406,053   1,317,343 1,691,991 1,847,048   3.08 3.70 4.01
Colorado 544,204 825,048 1,058,283   171,930 217,412 250,664   3.17 3.79 4.22
Connecticut 468,435 669,923 752,793   163,943 197,055 227,550   2.86 3.40 3.31
Delaware 78,126 115,751 133,810   40,957 54,749 60,660   1.91 2.11 2.21
District of Columbia 245,828 302,921 325,726   58,269 82,837 98,892   4.22 3.66 3.29
Florida 851,932 1,448,634 1,663,542   481,115 680,277 732,782   1.77 2.13 2.27
Georgia 926,749 1,274,410 1,565,574   294,479 363,154 394,117   3.15 3.51 3.97
Hawaii 161,300 240,247 300,302   41,372 56,869 65,428   3.90 4.22 4.59
Idaho 73,726 119,871 120,721   36,091 48,675 53,661   2.04 2.46 2.25
Illinois 1,170,625 1,771,107 2,113,124   474,444 569,544 631,970   2.47 3.11 3.34
Indiana 509,141 759,622 1,005,216   198,020 239,575 259,894   2.57 3.17 3.87
Iowa 418,263 548,301 562,569   93,287 120,258 136,062   4.48 4.56 4.13
Kansas 258,336 348,751 441,321   85,742 105,164 122,544   3.01 3.32 3.60
Kentucky 274,238 452,265 540,295   113,108 139,336 155,789   2.42 3.25 3.47
Louisiana 399,411 579,476 670,995   131,430 197,163 205,117   3.04 2.94 3.27
Maine 57,753 96,569 128,434   36,395 45,587 50,039   1.59 2.12 2.57
Maryland 1,507,549 2,356,905 3,021,052   182,953 248,139 285,116   8.24 9.50 10.60
Massachusetts 1,485,792 2,079,548 2,463,395   272,680 323,301 360,538   5.45 6.43 6.83
Michigan 995,756 1,456,218 1,742,051   336,786 375,260 369,671   2.96 3.88 4.71
Minnesota 416,411 558,259 757,745   188,449 238,367 258,499   2.21 2.34 2.93
Mississippi 217,064 353,078 416,804   65,615 81,500 94,406   3.31 4.33 4.42
Missouri 614,101 893,013 1,008,901   180,982 216,633 237,955   3.39 4.12 4.24
Montana 99,069 170,791 181,649   21,629 30,088 34,999   4.58 5.68 5.19
Nebraska 208,480 360,148 393,611   57,233 72,504 86,411   3.64 4.97 4.56
Nevada 106,340 178,492 182,016   75,907 114,771 125,037   1.40 1.56 1.46
New Hampshire 150,982 287,472 298,298   44,067 53,653 59,086   3.43 5.36 5.05
New Jersey 567,666 865,641 913,835   349,334 429,985 471,946   1.62 2.01 1.94
New Mexico 246,258 361,466 435,375   50,262 67,776 76,871   4.90 5.33 5.66
New York 2,290,812 3,610,287 4,224,536   770,621 961,941 1,094,104   2.97 3.75 3.86
North Carolina 1,040,017 1,655,844 2,160,505   281,418 354,973 407,032   3.70 4.66 5.31
North Dakota 67,406 149,994 185,708   18,250 24,672 31,626   3.69 6.08 5.87
Ohio 918,500 1,531,614 1,895,074   381,175 444,715 462,015   2.41 3.44 4.10
Oklahoma 252,419 291,697 335,840   91,292 120,662 142,388   2.76 2.42 2.36
Oregon 346,149 536,228 636,594   112,974 143,349 167,481   3.06 3.74 3.80
Pennsylvania 1,549,050 2,367,837 2,722,278   395,811 482,324 546,538   3.91 4.91 4.98
Rhode Island 129,697 199,709 246,322   33,522 44,169 47,470   3.87 4.52 5.19
South Carolina 294,184 487,776 611,539   115,392 141,929 158,786   2.55 3.44 3.85
South Dakota 27,269 67,012 102,299   24,009 31,641 38,255   1.14 2.12 2.67
Tennessee 405,013 726,078 832,991   177,582 224,522 243,849   2.28 3.23 3.42
Texas 2,039,642 3,073,724 3,984,258   732,987 970,997 1,146,647   2.78 3.17 3.47
Utah 308,059 400,276 500,421   69,483 90,748 111,301   4.43 4.41 4.50
Vermont 64,762 117,400 125,023   18,033 22,773 24,625   3.59 5.16 5.08
Virginia 587,718 910,163 1,088,367   261,894 356,852 409,732   2.24 2.55 2.66
Washington 642,934 901,558 1,083,799   227,828 279,405 331,639   2.82 3.23 3.27
West Virginia 73,420 146,489 174,486   41,419 51,964 61,043   1.77 2.82 2.86
Wisconsin 661,470 999,847 1,203,919   177,638 218,923 239,613   3.72 4.57 5.02
Wyoming 43,094 83,449 77,633   17,047 26,238 36,760   2.53 3.18 2.11
                       
Puerto Rico 74,529 100,235 105,330   69,208 86,157 NA   1.08 1.16 NA
 

na = not applicable; NA = not available

EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research; GDP = gross domestic product

NOTES: Academic R&D reported for institutions with R&D over $150,000. GDP reported in current dollars. For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Academic Research and Development Expenditures (various years); Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product data.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data