Table 8-47
Science and engineering doctorates conferred per 1,000 employed S&E doctorate holders, by state: 1997, 2003, and 2008
 
  S&E doctorates conferred   Employed S&E doctorate holdersa   S&E doctorates conferred/1,000 employed S&E doctorate holders
State 1997 2003 2008   1997 2003 2008   1997 2003 2008
 
United States 26,392 25,329 33,145   516,560 590,910 647,800   51.1 42.9 51.2
Alabama 283 293 356   6,610 5,730 6,000   42.8 51.1 59.3
Alaska 15 31 21   1,110 1,140 1,200   13.5 27.2 17.5
Arizona 457 417 526   6,280 7,500 8,800   72.8 55.6 59.8
Arkansas 68 74 120   2,320 2,790 2,400   29.3 26.5 50.0
California 3,352 3,768 4,800   70,490 86,550 95,700   47.6 43.5 50.2
Colorado 603 555 589   10,740 12,220 13,100   56.1 45.4 45.0
Connecticut 396 402 479   8,770 9,780 10,600   45.2 41.1 45.2
Delaware 117 84 128   3,710 3,000 3,300   31.5 28.0 38.8
District of Columbia 318 345 352   11,800 13,800 13,100   26.9 25.0 26.9
Florida 768 943 1,387   13,330 16,000 18,600   57.6 58.9 74.6
Georgia 519 632 929   9,880 12,220 13,500   52.5 51.7 68.8
Hawaii 139 105 152   2,550 3,040 3,200   54.5 34.5 47.5
Idaho 58 69 78   2,030 2,450 2,800   28.6 28.2 27.9
Illinois 1,499 1,373 1,690   21,260 22,400 24,200   70.5 61.3 69.8
Indiana 638 622 755   7,570 9,590 10,300   84.3 64.9 73.3
Iowa 357 274 422   4,120 4,660 5,200   86.7 58.8 81.2
Kansas 246 244 240   3,770 4,060 4,300   65.3 60.1 55.8
Kentucky 194 191 281   4,110 4,720 4,800   47.2 40.5 58.5
Louisiana 307 263 333   5,360 5,420 5,200   57.3 48.5 64.0
Maine 42 33 43   2,150 2,110 2,300   19.5 15.6 18.7
Maryland 620 578 840   21,020 25,280 28,100   29.5 22.9 29.9
Massachusetts 1,490 1,345 1,891   23,330 30,220 35,000   63.9 44.5 54.0
Michigan 951 943 1,099   15,050 17,130 16,700   63.2 55.0 65.8
Minnesota 504 474 739   9,810 11,110 12,600   51.4 42.7 58.7
Mississippi 139 130 156   3,000 3,120 3,300   46.3 41.7 47.3
Missouri 430 476 521   9,490 9,080 10,000   45.3 52.4 52.1
Montana 57 52 80   1,690 1,740 2,100   33.7 29.9 38.1
Nebraska 148 164 159   3,010 2,820 2,800   49.2 58.2 56.8
Nevada 58 75 98   1,620 2,070 2,800   35.8 36.2 35.0
New Hampshire 117 122 149   2,230 2,640 2,900   52.5 46.2 51.4
New Jersey 691 607 757   20,440 20,980 21,300   33.8 28.9 35.5
New Mexico 161 136 143   7,480 8,120 7,800   21.5 16.7 18.3
New York 2,445 2,099 2,713   40,080 44,890 49,000   61.0 46.8 55.4
North Carolina 678 681 925   13,730 17,380 20,100   49.4 39.2 46.0
North Dakota 53 64 74   1,350 1,130 1,300   39.3 56.6 56.9
Ohio 1,173 937 1,248   18,700 20,870 20,800   62.7 44.9 60.0
Oklahoma 210 172 208   4,580 4,640 4,500   45.9 37.1 46.2
Oregon 299 274 335   6,210 7,830 8,700   48.1 35.0 38.5
Pennsylvania 1,279 1,248 1,594   23,940 27,820 30,000   53.4 44.9 53.1
Rhode Island 166 147 190   2,450 3,170 2,800   67.8 46.4 67.9
South Carolina 206 191 288   4,780 5,210 6,300   43.1 36.7 45.7
South Dakota 36 32 38   1,060 1,020 1,300   34.0 31.4 29.2
Tennessee 372 320 449   8,520 8,840 10,100   43.7 36.2 44.5
Texas 1,575 1,426 2,166   28,570 33,280 39,900   55.1 42.8 54.3
Utah 253 211 288   4,800 4,240 5,600   52.7 49.8 51.4
Vermont 35 27 50   1,750 1,770 1,800   20.0 15.3 27.8
Virginia 697 636 868   15,250 18,880 21,300   45.7 33.7 40.8
Washington 426 409 553   13,360 15,430 17,700   31.9 26.5 31.2
West Virginia 55 95 121   1,980 1,980 2,000   27.8 48.0 60.5
Wisconsin 631 498 671   8,460 8,390 9,900   74.6 59.4 67.8
Wyoming 61 42 53   860 650 700   70.9 64.6 75.7
                       
Puerto Rico 65 96 214   660 1,710 2,000   98.5 56.1 107.0
 

aCoefficients of variation for estimates of employed S&E doctorate holders provided in appendix table 8-13.

NOTE: Data on U.S. S&E doctorate holders classified by employment location.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctorate Recipients (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data