This section compares business R&D across OECD countries across two dimensions: the distribution of business R&D across industries and the role of affiliates of foreign MNCs.
Companies classified in manufacturing perform most business R&D in the top seven R&D-performing countries, with shares ranging from 89% in Germany to 69% in the United States, based on OECD’s Analytical Business Enterprise R&D (ANBERD) database (see table
Pharmaceuticals manufacturing is the largest business R&D sector in the United Kingdom (28% of United Kingdom business enterprise R&D) and in the United States (16% of U.S. business enterprise R&D). Motor vehicles R&D has the largest share in Germany (33%). R&D in radio, television, and communication equipment manufacturing, which includes semiconductor devices, accounts for close to half (48%) of South Korea’s business enterprise R&D (figure
Business R&D in other transportation equipment (appendix table
R&D in services industries (the main R&D performing component in nonmanufacturing) had the largest share in the United States (30%) and the lowest share in China (7%), based on the most recent comparable industry-level ANBERD data. Within services, computer and related services accounted for the largest share in the United States and the United Kingdom (figure
R&D performed within a country by affiliates of foreign MNCs represented more than half of business enterprise R&D in smaller OECD countries such as Belgium, Ireland, Israel, and several Eastern and Central European countries in 2009 (figure