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Figures

List of figures by chapter, with image and source data available for download. Figures in each section can also be previewed using the thumbnail gallery view provided for each chapter.

Overview

Figure Title Image Data
O-1 KTI share of GDP, by selected country/economy: 1999, 2005, and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
O-2 Output of KTI industries as a share of GDP for selected developing economies: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
O-3 Output of HT manufacturing industries for selected regions/countries/economies: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
O-4 Global share of commercial KI services value added for selected countries/economies: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
O-5 Global R&D expenditures, by region: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
O-6 Global share of expenditures on R&D, by selected country/economy: 1996, 2005, and 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
O-7 Gross expenditures on R&D as share of GDP, for the United States, EU, and selected other countries: 1981–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
O-8 Estimated number of researchers in selected countries/regions: 1995–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
O-9 Researchers as a share of total employment in selected countries/regions: 1995–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
O-10 First university degrees, by location: 2000–10 (corrected April 2014) View Figure Download Excel file
O-11 S&E first university degrees as a share of all first university degrees, by country: 2000–10 View Figure Download Excel file
O-12 Internationally mobile students enrolled in tertiary education, by selected country: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-13 S&E articles, by global share of selected region/country: 2001–11 View Figure Download Excel file
O-14 Share of U.S., EU, and China S&E articles that are in the world's top 1% of cited articles: 2002–12. View Figure Download Excel file
O-15 USPTO patents granted, by location of inventor: 2003–12 View Figure Download Excel file
O-16 Global triadic patent families, by selected region/country/economy: 1998–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-17 USPTO patents granted, by selected technology areas for selected country/economy of inventor: 2010–12 View Figure Download Excel file
O-18 Global exports of royalties and fees, by selected region/country/economy: 2004–11 View Figure Download Excel file
O-19 U.S. academic and non-academic S&E articles: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
O-20 Share of articles authored at U.S. academic institutions that have authors from multiple U.S. institutions: Selected years, 1990–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
O-21 Number of authors and authors per paper for U.S. academic institutions: 1988–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
O-22 Federal awards and research expenditures at very high research activity institutions, by institutional control: 1987–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-23 Community college attendance among recent S&E bachelor's recipients: 1999–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-24 Selected average revenues and expenditures at public very high research universities: 1987–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-25 S&E degrees, by level: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
O-26 Bachelor's degrees, by broad field of degree: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
O-27 Share of S&E bachelor's degrees among U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by race and ethnicity: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
O-28 Women in the workforce and in S&E: 1993 and 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-29 Women in S&E occupations: 1993–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-30 Share of workers in S&E occupations, by selected race and ethnicity: Selected years, 1993–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-31 Foreign-born workers in S&E occupations, by education level: 2000, 2006, and 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
O-32 Foreign-born individuals with highest degree in S&E living in the United States, by place of birth: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
O-33 Ratio of U.S. federal-to-nonfederal funding for R&D: 1953–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
O-34 Sources of S&E R&D funding for public and private academic institutions: FYs 1999 and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
O-35 U.S. total R&D expenditures: 1953–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
O-36 Year-to-year changes in U.S. R&D expenditures, by performing sector: 2006–11 View Figure Download Excel file

1. Elementary and Secondary Mathematics and Science Education

Figure Title Image Data
1-1 Average mathematics assessment scores of first-time kindergartners, by child and family characteristics: Fall 2010 and spring 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-2 Average NAEP mathematics scores of students in grades 4 and 8: 1990–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-3 Students in grades 4 and 8 scoring at or above NAEP's proficient level in mathematics for their grade: 1990–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-4 Average NAEP science scores of students in grade 8, by student and school characteristics: 2009 and 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-5 Average NAEP mathematics scores of students in grade 8, by sex, race, and ethnicity: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-6 Average NAEP mathematics scores and score gaps for white and black students in grade 4: 1990–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-7 Average TIMSS mathematics scores of students in grades 4 and 8, by country/jurisdiction: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-8 Average TIMSS mathematics and science scores of U.S. students in grades 4 and 8: 1995–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-9 Average TIMSS science scores of students in grades 4 and 8, by country/jurisdiction: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-10 Highest-level mathematics course in which ninth graders enrolled, by socioeconomic quintile: 2009 View Figure Download Excel file
1-11 Highest-level science course in which ninth graders enrolled, by socioeconomic quintile: 2009 View Figure Download Excel file
1-12 Public school students in graduating class of 2012 who took AP exams in mathematics and science in high school, by sex View Figure Download Excel file
1-13 Mathematics and science teachers' years of experience teaching their subject, by grade level: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
1-14 Mathematics and science classes taught by teachers with 2 years or less of experience teaching their subject, by students in school eligible for free/reduced-price lunch: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
1-15 Elementary teachers meeting NCTM- and NSTA-recommended college-level coursework in mathematics and science: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
1-16 Elementary teachers' self-assessment of their preparedness to teach mathematics and science: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
1-17 Beginning public elementary and secondary teachers (2007–08) who had left teaching by 2009–10 View Figure Download Excel file
1-18 On-time graduation rates of U.S. public high school students, by race and ethnicity: 2006 and 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
1-19 Immediate college enrollment rates among high school graduates, by institution type: 1975–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
1-20 First-time entry rates into university-level education, by OECD country: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
1-A High school students with access to various AP mathematics and science courses: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file

2. Higher Education in Science and Engineering

Figure Title Image Data
2-1 Community college attendance among recent recipients of S&E degrees, by field of most recent degree: 2003 and 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
2-2 Selected average revenues and expenditures at public very high research universities: 1987–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
2-3 Average expenditures per FTE on research at public and private very high research universities: 1987–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
2-4 Average expenditures per FTE on instruction at public and private very high research universities: 1987–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
2-5 Selected average revenues and expenditures at public 4-year and other postsecondary institutions: 1987–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
2-6 Selected average revenues and expenditures at community colleges: 1987–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
2-7 Full-time S&E graduate students, by field and mechanism of primary support: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
2-8 Full-time S&E graduate students with primary support from federal government, by field: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
2-9 Full-time S&E graduate students, by source of primary support: 1997–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
2-10 Freshmen intending S&E major, by race and ethnicity: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
2-11 Engineering: Freshmen intentions and degrees, by sex View Figure Download Excel file
2-12 Engineering: Freshmen intentions and degrees, by race and ethnicity View Figure Download Excel file
2-13 Natural sciences: Freshmen intentions and degrees, by sex View Figure Download Excel file
2-14 Natural sciences: Freshmen intentions and degrees, by race and ethnicity View Figure Download Excel file
2-15 Foreign undergraduate student enrollment in U.S. universities, by top 10 places of origin and field: November 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
2-16 U.S. engineering enrollment, by level: 1991–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
2-17 S&E bachelor's degrees, by field: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-18 Women's share of S&E bachelor's degrees, by field: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-19 Share of S&E bachelor's degrees among U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by race and ethnicity: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-20 First-time, full-time graduate enrollment in engineering and computer sciences and unemployment rate of all workers: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-21 S&E master's degrees, by field: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-22 S&E master's degrees, by sex of recipient: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-23 S&E master's degrees, by race, ethnicity, and citizenship of recipient: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-24 S&E doctoral degrees earned in U.S. universities, by field: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-25 S&E doctoral degrees earned by U.S. citizen and permanent resident underrepresented minorities, by race and ethnicity: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-26 S&E doctoral degrees, by sex, race, ethnicity, and citizenship: 2000–11 View Figure Download Excel file
2-27 U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients, by selected Asian country/economy of origin: 1991–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
2-28 U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients, by selected Western European country: 1991–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
2-29 U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients from Europe, by region: 1991–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
2-30 U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients from Canada, Mexico, and Brazil: 1991–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
2-31 Attainment of tertiary-type A and advanced research programs, by country and age group: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
2-32 First university natural sciences and engineering degrees, by selected country: 2000–10 View Figure Download Excel file
2-33 Natural sciences and engineering doctoral degrees, by selected country: 2001–10 View Figure Download Excel file
2-34 S&E doctoral degrees earned by Chinese students at home universities and U.S. universities: 1994–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
2-35 Internationally mobile students enrolled in tertiary education, by selected country: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file

3. Science and Engineering Labor Force

Figure Title Image Data
3-1 Employment in S&E occupations, by broad occupational category: 2010 and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
3-2 S&E degrees among college graduates, by field and level of highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-3 Average annual growth in the number of employed individuals whose highest degree is in S&E, by field and level of highest degree: 2003–10 View Figure Download Excel file
3-4 Educational attainment, by type of occupation: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
3-5 Occupational distribution of scientists and engineers, by broad field of highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-6 Occupational distribution of S&E highest degree holders, by field of highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-7 S&E degree holders working in S&E occupations, by level and field of S&E highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-8 S&E degree holders employed in jobs related to highest degree, by level of and years since highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-9 Employed scientists and engineers, by employment sector: 1993–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-10 S&E highest degree holders, by degree level and employment sector: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-11 Broad S&E occupational categories, by employment sector: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-12 Scientists and engineers employed in the business sector, by employer size: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-13 S&E highest degree holders employed in the business sector, by highest degree level and employer size: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-14 Employed scientists and engineers with R&D activity, by broad field of highest degree and broad occupational category: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-15 Employed SEH doctorate holders with R&D activity, by years since doctoral degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-16 Unemployment rates of scientists and engineers, by level of and years since highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-17 Unemployment rate, by occupation: 1983–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
3-18 Unemployment rates for workers in S&E, STEM, and all occupations: March 2008–April 2013 View Figure Download Excel file
3-19 Measures of labor underutilization for workers in S&E and all occupations: March 2008–April 2013 View Figure Download Excel file
3-20 Scientists and engineers who are working involuntarily out of field, by level of and years since highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-21 Median salaries for employed college-educated individuals, by broad field of highest degree and years since highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-22 Median salaries for employed scientists and engineers, by level of and years since highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-23 Median salaries for employed scientists and engineers, by broad field and level of highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-24 Recent U.S. SEH doctorate recipients in postdoc positions, by field of and years since doctorate: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-25 Age distribution of scientists and engineers in the labor force, by sex: 1993 and 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-26 Age distribution of employed scientists and engineers, by broad occupational category and broad field of highest degree: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-27 Older scientists and engineers who work full time, by age and highest degree level: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-28 Older scientists and engineers who report not working because of retirement,by age: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-29 Women in the workforce and in S&E: 1993 and 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-30 Women in S&E occupations: 1993–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-31 Employed women with highest degree in S&E, by degree level: 1993–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-32 Highest degree holders in S&E not in the labor force, by sex and age: 2010. View Figure Download Excel file
3-33 Estimated salary differences between women and men with highest degree in S&E employed full time, controlling for selected characteristics, by degree level: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-34 Estimated salary differences between minorities and whites and Asians with highest degree in S&E employed full time, controlling for selected characteristics, by degree level: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-35 Foreign-born scientists and engineers employed in S&E occupations, by highest degree level and broad occupational category: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-36 Foreign-born individuals with highest degree in S&E living in the United States, by place of birth: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
3-37 Temporary work visas issued in categories with many high-skilled workers: FYs 1991–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
3-38 Plans of foreign recipients of U.S. S&E doctoral degrees at graduation to stay in the United States, by year of doctorate: 1991–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
3-39 Plans of foreign recipients of U.S. S&E doctoral degrees at graduation to stay in the United States, by place of origin and year of doctorate: 1998–2001 and 2008–11 View Figure Download Excel file
3-40 Stay rates for U.S. S&E doctorate recipients with permanent or temporary visas at graduation, by selected year of doctorate: 2003–11 View Figure Download Excel file
3-41 Top countries of origin of foreign-born persons residing in OECD countries and having at least a tertiary education, age 25 years or more, by sex: 2000 View Figure Download Excel file
3-42 Estimated number of researchers in selected countries/regions: 1995–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
3-43 Researchers as a share of total employment in selected countries/regions: 1995–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
3-A Bureau of Labor Statistics projected increases in employment for S&E and selected other occupations: 2010–20 View Figure Download Excel file
3-B Bureau of Labor Statistics projected job openings in S&E and selected other occupations: 2010–20 View Figure Download Excel file
3-C Estimated differences in the proportions of women and of men with S&E highest degree employed in S&E occupations, controlling for selected characteristics: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file

4. Research and Development: National Trends and International Comparisons

Figure Title Image Data
4-1 U.S. total R&D expenditures: 1953–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-2 Year-to-year changes in U.S. R&D expenditures, by performing sector: 2006–11 View Figure Download Excel file
4-3 Ratio of U.S. R&D to gross domestic product, by federal and nonfederal funding for R&D: 1953–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-4 Shares of U.S. total R&D expenditures, by performing sector and funding source: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-5 U.S. R&D, by performing and funding sectors: 1953–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-6 U.S. total R&D expenditures, by source of funds: 1953–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-7 U.S. R&D by character of work, basic research by performing sector, and basic research by source of funds: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-8 Global R&D expenditures, by region: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-9 Gross domestic expenditures on R&D by the United States, EU, and selected other countries: 1981–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-10 Gross expenditures on R&D as share of GDP, for the United States, EU, and selected other countries: 1981–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-11 U.S. business R&D, by major source of funds: 1990–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-12 Percentage change in U.S. domestic business R&D performance: 2008–09 and 2010–11 View Figure Download Excel file
4-13 Share of U.S. business R&D performance funded by the federal government: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
4-14 Domestic and international funding sources for U.S. business R&D performance, by type of source: 2011 View Figure Download PDF file
4-15 Industry share of business R&D in selected countries: 2010 or most recent year View Figure Download Excel file
4-16 Business enterprise R&D and R&D by foreign affiliates, by selected shares: 2009 View Figure Download Excel file
4-17 Federal budget authority for R&D and R&D plant, by budget function: FYs 2000–12 View Figure Download Excel file
4-18 Federal obligations for R&D and R&D plant: FYs 1980–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-19 Federal obligations for R&D, by agency and character of work: FY 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-20 Federal obligations for research, by agency and major S&E field: FY 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
4-A Differences in federal R&D support, as reported by performers and federal agencies: 1985–2011 View Figure Download Excel file

5. Academic Research and Development

Figure Title Image Data
5-1 Federal and nonfederal academic S&E R&D expenditures: FYs 1996–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-2 Academic S&E R&D expenditures, by source of funding: FYs 1972–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-3 Academic R&D financed by business for selected countries: 1981–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
5-4 Academic R&D expenditures, by selected S&E field: FYs 1999–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-5 Federally financed academic R&D expenditures, by agency and S&E field: FY 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-6 Sources of S&E R&D funding for public and private academic institutions: FY 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-7 Sources of S&E R&D funding for public and private academic institutions: FY 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-8 Total and federally funded academic S&E R&D pass-throughs: FYs 2000–09 View Figure Download Excel file
5-9 Change in S&E research space in academic institutions, by 2-year period: FYs 1988–2011 View Figure Download Excel file
5-10 S&E research space at academic institutions, by field: FYs 2001 and 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
5-11 Current fund expenditures for S&E research equipment at academic institutions, by field: FYs 2002–12 View Figure Download Excel file
5-12 SEH doctorate holders employed in academia, by type of position: 1973–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
5-13 SEH doctorate holders employed in academia, by degree field: 1973–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
5-14 Women as percentage of SEH doctorate holders with full-time employment in academia, by academic rank: Selected years, 1973–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
5-15 SEH doctorate holders employed in academia, by birthplace: 1973–2010. View Figure Download Excel file
5-16 Full-time faculty ages 65–75 at research universities and other higher education institutions: 1973–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
5-17 Primary work activity of full-time doctoral SEH faculty: 1973–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
5-18 SEH doctorate holders with academic employment in postdoc position, by degree field: Selected years, 1973–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
5-19 S&E articles, by global share of selected region/country: 2001–11 View Figure Download Excel file
5-20 U.S. academic and non-academic S&E articles: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-21 Share of world articles in all fields authored by multiple authors, institutions, and nations: 1997 and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-22 Share of world's S&E articles with international collaboration, by S&E field: 1997 and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-23 Share of S&E articles internationally coauthored, by selected country: 2002 and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-24 Selected country share of U.S. internationally coauthored articles: 1997 and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-25 Share of U.S. sector articles coauthored with foreign institutions, academia, and other U.S. sectors: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
5-26 Average citations per S&E article, by country of author: 1992–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-27 Share of selected region/country citations that are international: 1992–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-28 Relative citation index to the United States, by scientific field: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-29 Share of U.S., EU, and China S&E articles that are in the world's top 1% of cited articles: 2002–12 View Figure Download Excel file
5-30 Index of highly cited articles, by selected S&E field and region/country: 2002 and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-31 Within-U.S. article citations: Relative citation index, 1992–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-32 Citations of U.S. S&E articles in U.S. patents, by selected S&E article field and technology area: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-33 Citation of U.S. S&E articles in U.S. patents, by selected S&E field and article author sector: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-34 USPTO patents granted to U.S. and non-U.S. academic institutions: 1992–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-35 EPO patents granted to U.S. and non-U.S. academic institutions: 1992–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-36 U.S. academic patents, by technology area: Selected 5-year averages, 1993–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
5-37 U.S. university patenting activities: 2002–11 View Figure Download Excel file

6. Industry, Technology, and the Global Marketplace

Figure Title Image Data
6-1 KTI industries' share of GDP of developed and developing economies: Selected years, 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-2 Output of KTI industries as a share of GDP of selected developed economies: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-3 Output of KTI industries as a share of GDP for selected developing economies: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-4 Selected industry category share of developing economies' GDP: 1997, 2005, and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-5 ICT infrastructure indexes of selected developed economies: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
6-6 ICT infrastructure indexes of selected developing economies: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
6-7 ICT business and consumer spending as a share of GDP for selected developed countries: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
6-8 ICT business and consumer spending as share of GDP for selected developing economies: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
6-9 Labor productivity growth of developed and developing economies: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-10 Labor productivity growth of selected developing economies: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-11 Labor productivity growth of selected developed economies: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-12 GDP per capita for selected developing economies: Selected years, 2000–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-13 Output of commercial KI services for selected regions/countries/economies: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-14 U.S. employment in commercial KI services: Selected years, 2000–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-15 Global value-added shares of selected regions/countries/economies for selected service industries: 2012. View Figure Download Excel file
6-16 Output of HT manufacturing industries for selected regions/countries/ economies: 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-17 HT manufacturing industries of selected regions/countries/economies: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-18 Output of China's ICT manufacturing industries: 2002–11 View Figure Download Excel file
6-19 U.S. employment in HT manufacturing industries: 2000–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-20 Commercial KI service exports, by selected region/country/economy: 2004-11 View Figure Download Excel file
6-21 Exports of HT products, by selected region/country/economy: 2003–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-22 U.S. advanced technology product trade in ICT, by selected region/country/economy: 2012. View Figure Download Excel file
6-23 U.S. trade in advanced technology products: 2000–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-24 Globalization indicators of U.S. multinationals in commercial KI services: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
6-25 Globalization indicators of U.S. multinationals in selected manufacturing industries: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
6-26 U.S. outward foreign direct investment in selected industries: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-27 Foreign direct investment in selected U.S. industries, by selected region/country/economy: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-28 Share of U.S. manufacturing companies reporting innovation activities,by selected industry: 2008–10 View Figure Download Excel file
6-29 Share of U.S. nonmanufacturing companies reporting innovation activities, by selected industry: 2008–10 View Figure Download Excel file
6-30 USPTO patents granted, by location of inventor: 2003–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-31 USPTO patents granted, by selected U.S. industry: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
6-32 USPTO patents granted, by selected technology areas for selected country/economy of inventor: 2010–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-33 USPTO patents granted, by selected technology areas for inventors located in South Korea and Taiwan: 2010–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-34 Global triadic patent families, by selected region/country/economy: 1998–2010 View Figure Download Excel file
6-35 Global exports of royalties and fees, by selected region/country/economy: 2004–11 View Figure Download Excel file
6-36 Exports of royalties and fees of selected developing countries: 2004–11 View Figure Download Excel file
6-37 U.S. HT industries, by share of industry sector: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
6-38 Venture capital investment, by selected region/country/economy: 2005–12. View Figure Download Excel file
6-39 U.S. venture capital investment, by financing stage: Selected years, 2005–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-40 SBIR investment, by financing phase: 2000–10 View Figure Download Excel file
6-41 Financial new investment in clean energy technologies, by selected region/country/economy: 2004–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-42 Financial new investment in clean energy technologies, by selected energy and technology: 2006–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-43 Financial new investment in clean energy technologies in China, the United States, and the EU, by technology: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-44 Global venture capital investment in clean energy technologies: 2004–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-45 Global venture capital investment in clean energy technologies, by selected technology: 2006–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-46 Government RD&D expenditures of selected developed countries/economies in clean energy and nuclear technologies: 2004–11 View Figure Download Excel file
6-47 USPTO patents in alternative energy and pollution control technologies, by selected region/country/economy of inventor: Selected years, 1997–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
6-A Indonesia's commercial KI services and HT manufacturing industries: 2003–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-B U.S. dollar exchange rate with selected currencies: 2007–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-C Output of Japan's HT manufacturing industries: 2007–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-D Australia's commercial KI services industries: 2003–12 View Figure Download Excel file
6-E Selected manufacturing industries of Brazil and India: 2003 and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file

7. Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding

Figure Title Image Data
7-1 Public interest in selected issues: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-2 Public interest in selected science-related issues: 1981–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-3 Network nightly news coverage of science and technology: 1988–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-4 Primary source of information about current news events, science and technology, and specific scientific issues: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-5 Primary source of information about current news events, science and technology, and specific scientific issues: 2001–12 View Figure Download Excel file
7-6 Mean number of correct answers to trend factual knowledge of science scale: 1992–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-7 Correct answers to trend factual knowledge of science scale, by respondent characteristic: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-8 Understanding scientific inquiry, by respondent characteristic: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-9 Public self-assessment of knowledge about causes of and solutions to environmental problems, by country/economy: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
7-10 Public assessment of scientific research: 2012–1979 View Figure Download Excel file
7-11 Public assessment of belief in science versus faith, and whether science does more harm than good, by country/economy: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
7-12 Public opinion on whether the federal government should fund basic scientific research: 1985–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-13 Public assessment of amount of government spending for scientific research: 1981–2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-14 Public assessment of government spending in various policy areas: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-15 Public confidence in institutional leaders, by type of institution: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-16 Public self-assessment of knowledge of what scientists and engineers do day-to-day on their jobs: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-17 Public opinion on science and engineering careers for one's children: 1983, 2001, and 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
7-18 Worry about quality of environment: 2001–12 View Figure Download Excel file
7-19 Public concern about environmental issues, by country/economy: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
7-20 Public assessment of science's ability to solve environmental problems, by country/economy: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
7-21 Public assessment of danger to environment of climate change and nuclear power stations, by country/economy: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
7-22 Public assessment of danger to environment of modifying genes of crops, by country/economy: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file

8. State Indicators

Figure Title Image Data
8-1 Average fourth grade mathematics performance: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-2 Students reaching proficiency in fourth grade mathematics: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-3 Average fourth grade science performance: 2009 View Figure Download Excel file
8-4 Students reaching proficiency in fourth grade science: 2009 View Figure Download Excel file
8-5 Average eighth grade mathematics performance: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-6 Students reaching proficiency in eighth grade mathematics: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-7 Average eighth grade science performance: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-8 Students reaching proficiency in eighth grade science: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-9 Public school teacher salaries: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-10 Elementary and secondary public school expenditures as a percentage of gross domestic product: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-11 Expenditures per pupil for elementary and secondary public schools: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-12 Public high school students taking Advanced Placement Exams: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-13 Public high school students scoring 3 or higher on at least one Advanced Placement Exam: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-14 Public high school students scoring 3 or higher on Advanced Placement Calculus AB Exam: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-15 High school graduates or higher among individuals 25–44 years old: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-16 Associate's degrees in science, engineering, and technology conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-17 Bachelor's degrees conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-18 Bachelor's degrees in science and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-19 Bachelor's degrees in natural sciences and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-20 Science and engineering degrees as a percentage of higher education degrees conferred: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-21 Natural sciences and engineering degrees as a percentage of higher education degrees conferred: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-22 Science and engineering graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-23 Advanced science and engineering degrees as a percentage of S&E degrees conferred: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-24 Advanced natural sciences and engineering degrees as a percentage of NS&E degrees conferred: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-25 Science and engineering doctoral degrees as a percentage of S&E degrees conferred: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-26 Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-27 Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions as a percentage of disposable personal income: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-28 Appropriations of state tax funds for operating expenses of higher education as a percentage of gross domestic product: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-29 State expenditures on student aid per full-time undergraduate student: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-30 State funding for major public research universities per full-time equivalent student: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-31 Postsecondary degree holders among individuals 25–44 years old: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-32 Bachelor's degree holders among individuals 25–44 years old: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-33 Bachelor's degree holders potentially in the workforce: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-34 Individuals in science and engineering occupations as a percentage of all occupations: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-35 Employed science and engineering doctorate holders as a percentage of the workforce: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-36 Engineers as a percentage of all occupations: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-37 Life and physical scientists as a percentage of all occupations: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-38 Computer specialists as a percentage of all occupations: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-39 Technical workers as a percentage of all occupations: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-40 R&D as a percentage of gross domestic product: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-41 Federal R&D obligations per employed worker: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-42 Federal R&D obligations per individual in science and engineering occupation: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-43 State agency R&D expenditures per $1 million of gross domestic product: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-44 State agency R&D expenditures per employed worker: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-45 State agency R&D expenditures per individual in science and engineering occupation: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-46 Business-performed domestic R&D as a percentage of private-industry output: 2011 View Figure Download Excel file
8-47 Academic science and engineering R&D per $1,000 of gross domestic product: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-48 Science and engineering doctorates conferred per 1,000 employed S&E doctorate holders: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-49 Academic science and engineering article output per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-50 Academic science and engineering article output per $1 million of academic S&E R&D: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-51 Academic patents awarded per 1,000 science and engineering doctorate holders in academia: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-52 Patents awarded per 1,000 individuals in science and engineering occupations: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-53 High-technology establishments as a percentage of all business establishments: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-54 Net high-technology business formations as a percentage of all business establishments: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-55 Employment in high-technology establishments as a percentage of total employment: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-56 Average annual federal Small Business Innovation Research funding per $1 million of gross domestic product: 2010–12 View Figure Download Excel file
8-57 Venture capital disbursed per $1,000 of gross domestic product: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-58 Venture capital deals as a percentage of high-technology business establishments: 2010 View Figure Download Excel file
8-59 Venture capital disbursed per venture capital deal: 2012 View Figure Download Excel file
8-A U.S. map and list of abbreviations View Figure Download Excel file
8-B Example state distribution chart View Figure N/A
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