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About the S&E Indicators State Data Tool

The State Data Tool presents state-specific information about a variety of science, engineering, technology, and education measures. The tool includes 59 state indicators presented in Chapter 8 of Science and Engineering Indicators. By seeing a state's performance—and being able to compare it with other states and changes over time—policymakers, educators, and other users can better assess and enhance programs.

The State Data Tool allows you to explore a single indicator in depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, or customize your own indicator.

Explore a single indicator:

  • Table view Table View shows data back to 1990, if available, plus trend lines for all states. Data in the table may be sorted by years or states. Click on the trend line to enlarge the graph. Table view displays both current and constant dollars where appropriate.
  • Chart view Chart View graphically displays the indicator over years for all states. Charts may be sorted by years or states showing changes over time. When the indicator is a ratio, you can compare the numerator, denominator, and indicator for a given year by clicking on [details]. Chart view displays both current and constant dollars where appropriate.
  • Quartile map Quartile Map View provides a geographical view and a state distribution view of the indicator for the most recent year of data. The map view is color-coded by quartile, showing state patterns for the indicator. The distribution view shows how states vary across the values of the indicator. View one year at a time for all years available. Map and distribution views display current dollars only.

Compare groups of indicators:

  • Groups of indicators are displayed in current dollars only.
  • Across all states view Across All States View display multiple indicators for all states for the most recent year of data. Charts may be sorted by indicator or by state. When an indicator is a ratio, you may compare the numerator, denominator, and indicator in a chart view.
  • Across all years Across All Years View shows trends for multiple indicators for all years. Add or delete states by clicking on the map for comparisons of selected states over time.

Customize your own:

  • Allows you to mix and match indicators, states, or years depending upon the view you choose.
  • Customized indicators are displayed in current dollars only.

Data Sources:

Data in the tool are from a variety of sources. For more information, see the sources and notes accompanying each indicator, the technical notes, or Chapter 8 of the volume. Data in the tool and in Chapter 8 may differ for the following reasons:

  • The data tool displays data back to 1990, if available, and data for Puerto Rico are displayed when available.
  • Quartiles in the tool's map view and those in Chapter 8 were produced using slightly different algorithms.
  • Histogram scales in the tool's map view and those in Chapter 8 may differ in order to accommodate the trend data in the tool.

Indicators included

Elementary and secondary education
  • 8-1:     Fourth grade mathematics performance
  • 8-2:     Fourth grade mathematics proficiency
  • 8-3:     Fourth grade science performance
  • 8-4:     Fourth grade science proficiency
  • 8-5:     Eighth grade mathematics performance
  • 8-6:     Eighth grade mathematics proficiency
  • 8-7:     Eighth grade science performance
  • 8-8:     Eighth grade science proficiency
  • 8-9:     Public school teacher salaries
  • 8-10:     Elementary and secondary public school expenditures as a percentage of gross domestic product
  • 8-11:     Expenditures per pupil for elementary and secondary public schools
  • 8-12:     Public high school students taking Advanced Placement exams
  • 8-13:     Public high school students scoring 3 or higher on at least one Advanced Placement exam
  • 8-14:     Public high school students scoring 3 or higher on Advanced Placement Calculus AB exam
  • 8-15:     High school graduates or higher among individuals 25–44 years old
Higher education
  • 8-16:     Associate's degrees in science, engineering, and technology conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old
  • 8-17:     Bachelor's degrees conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old
  • 8-18:     Bachelor's degrees in science and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old
  • 8-19:     Bachelor's degrees in natural sciences and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old
  • 8-20:     Science and engineering degrees as a percentage of higher education degrees conferred
  • 8-21:     Natural sciences and engineering degrees as a percentage of higher education degrees conferred
  • 8-22:     Science and engineering graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old
  • 8-23:     Advanced science and engineering degrees as a percentage of S&E degrees conferred
  • 8-24:     Advanced natural sciences and engineering degrees as a percentage of NS&E degrees conferred
  • 8-25:     Science and engineering doctoral degrees as a percentage of S&E degrees conferred
  • 8-26:     Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions
  • 8-27:     Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions as a percentage of disposable personal income
  • 8-28:     Appropriations of state tax funds for operating expenses of higher education as a percentage of gross domestic product
  • 8-29:     State expenditures on student aid per full-time undergraduate student
  • 8-30:     State funding for public research universities per full-time equivalent student
  • 8-31:     Postsecondary degree holders among individuals 25–44 years old
  • 8-32:     Bachelor's degree holders among individuals 25–44 years old
Workforce
  • 8-33:     Bachelor's degree holders potentially in the workforce
  • 8-34:     Individuals in science and engineering occupations as a percentage of all occupations
  • 8-35:     Employed science and engineering doctorate holders as a percentage of the workforce
  • 8-36:     Engineers as a percentage of all occupations
  • 8-37:     Life and physical scientists as a percentage of all occupations
  • 8-38:     Computer specialists as a percentage of all occupations
  • 8-39:     Technical workers as a percentage of all occupations
Financial R&D inputs
  • 8-40:     R&D as a percentage of gross domestic product
  • 8-41:     Federal R&D obligations per employed worker
  • 8-42:     Federal R&D obligations per individual in science and engineering occupation
  • 8-43:     State agency R&D expenditures per $1 million of gross domestic product
  • 8-44:     State agency R&D expenditures per employed worker
  • 8-45:     State agency R&D expenditures per individual in science and engineering occupation
  • 8-46:     Business-performed R&D as a percentage of private-industry output
  • 8-47:     Academic science and engineering R&D per $1,000 of gross domestic product
R&D outputs
  • 8-48:     Science and engineering doctorates conferred per 1,000 employed S&E doctorate holders
  • 8-49:     Academic science and engineering article output per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia
  • 8-50:     Academic science and engineering article output per $1 million of academic S&E R&D
  • 8-51:     Academic patents awarded per 1,000 science and engineering doctorate holders in academia
  • 8-52:     Patents awarded per 1,000 individuals in science and engineering occupations
Science and technology in the economy
  • 8-53:     High-technology establishments as a percentage of all business establishments
  • 8-54:     Net high-technology business formations as a percentage of all business establishments
  • 8-55:     Employment in high-technology establishments as percentage of total employment
  • 8-56:     Average annual federal small business innovation research funding per $1 million of gross domestic product
  • 8-57:     Venture capital disbursed per $1,000 of gross domestic product
  • 8-58:     Venture capital deals as a percentage of high-technology business establishments
  • 8-59:     Venture capital disbursed per venture capital deal