Index to Appendix A
Appendix Tables

All Appendix A Appendix Tables are in Excel (.xls) format, except for 1-2, 1-3 and 1-4, which are HTML tables.
Go to Appendix Tables for Chapter:  | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 |

Chapter 1. Elementary and Secondary Mathematics and Science Education

1-1    Mean proficiency scores on the NAEP tests, by subject, age, sex, and race/ethnicity: 1970-1992

1-2    Levels of mathematics proficiency

1-3    Levels of science proficiency

1-4    Background and description of the mathematics content areas

1-5    IAEP mathematics scores for selected countries at 5th percentile, mean, and 95th percentile, by age: 1991

1-6    IAEP science scores for selected countries at 5th percentile, mean, and 95th percentile, by age: 1991

1-7    Mean score of 8th-grade public school students on the NAEP mathematics test, by state, race/ethnicity, and percentage of persons age 25 and over with high school diploma: 1992

1-8    Percent of high school graduates earning minimum credits in mathematics courses, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1982-1992

1-9    Percent of high school graduates earning minimum credits in science courses, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1982-1992

1-10    Average number of mathematics and science courses completed in high school, by sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1992

1-11    1988-1992 achievement gain in mathematics and science, by number of courses completed and sex and race/ethnicity: 1992

1-12    Mean mathematics 1990-1992 achievement score gain by achievement level of class and emphasis on higher order thinking skills

1-13    Percentage of students who used a computer at school or at home, by selected characteristics: October 1984, 1989, and 1993

1-14    Total amount of time mathematics teachers spent on in-service education in mathematics during previous 12 months: 1986 and 1993



Chapter 2. Higher Education in Science and Engineering

2-1    Ratio of total first university degrees and S&E degrees to the 24-year-old population, by region/country: 1992 or most current year

2-2    Ratio of science and engineering degrees to total first university degrees, by region/country: 1992 or most current year

2-3    Ratio of total first university degrees and S&E degrees to the 24-year-old population, by sex and country: 1992 or most current year

2-4    Science and engineering degrees as a percentage of total first university degrees, by sex and country: 1992 or most current year

2-5    Share of first university science and engineering degrees obtained by males and females in selected countries and the United States: 1992 or most current year

2-6    Enrollment in higher education, by Carnegie institution type: 1967-93

2-7    Number of science and engineering degrees, by degree level and institution type: 1993

2-8    Number of institutions awarding science and engineering degrees, by degree level and institution type: 1993

2-9    Total undergraduate enrollments, by race/ethnicity, citizenship, and sex: 1978-93

2-10    Undergraduate enrollment in engineering and engineering technology programs: 1979-94

2-11    Engineering enrollments, by attendance pattern: 1979-94

2-12    Undergraduate enrollment in engineering, by sex, race/ethnicity, and citizenship: 1979-94

2-13    Freshman choice of major in broad science and engineering fields, by race/ethnicity and sex: 1975-94

2-14    Freshman choice of major in subfields of science and engineering, by race/ethnicity: 1974-94

2-15    Student enrollment in postsecondary institutions, by disability status: 1992-93

2-16    Earned associate degrees, by sex and field: 1975-93

2-17    Earned associate degrees, by race/ethnicity and field: 1977-93

2-18    Earned bachelor's degrees, by sex and field: 1975-93

2-19    Earned bachelor's degrees, by race/ethnicity, citizenship, and field: 1977-93

2-20    Distribution of total higher education faculty, by field, sex, and race/ethnicity: 1993

2-21    Full-time higher education faculty in science and engineering fields, by academic rank and sex: 1993

2-22    Higher education faculty, by field and citizenship status: 1993

2-23    Graduate enrollment in science and engineering, by race/ethnicity, citizenship, and field: 1983-93

2-24    Graduate enrollment in engineering, by citizenship: 1985-94

2-25    Graduate enrollment in science and engineering, by sex and field: 1977-93

2-26    Earned master's degrees, by sex and field: 1975-93

2-27    Earned master's degrees, by race/ethnicity, citizenship, and field: 1977-93

2-28    Earned doctoral degrees, by sex and field: 1975-93

2-29    Earned doctoral degrees by race/ethnicity, field, and citizenship: 1977-93

2-30    Doctoral degrees in S&E in selected major industrialized countries: 1975-83

2-31    Doctoral degrees in science and engineering, by region/country: 1992

2-32    U.S. doctoral degrees earned by foreign students from Asian countries: 1983-93

2-33    S&E degrees in higher education earned by foreign students in selected major industrialized countries: selected years

2-34    Foreign doctoral recipients from U.S. universities who plan to stay in the United States, by field and region/country of origin: 1980, 1990, and 1992

2-35    Percentage of foreign doctoral recipients working in the United States: various years

2-36    Percentage of 1987-88 foreign doctoral recipients working in the United States, by country: 1989-92

2-37    S&E doctoral degrees earned by Asian students within Asian universities and from U.S. universities: 1975-93

2-38    Financial support to full-time science and engineering graduate students, by field and type of major support: 1983-93

2-39    Primary financial support to full-time science and engineering graduate students, by source and mechanism: 1983-93

2-40    Full-time science and engineering graduate students, by field and source of major support: 1983-93

2-41    Foreign students enrolled in all U.S. institutions of higher education, by primary source of support: 1986-91

2-42    Primary source of support while in graduate school for science and engineering doctoral recipients, by citizenship status: 1991



Chapter 3. Science and Engineering Workforce

3-1    Number, employment status, and median income of 1991 and 1992 bachelor's and master's degree recipients, by field of degree: 1993

3-2    U.S. citizen postdocs and Ph.D. degrees, by selected field and year: 1981-93

3-3    Proportion of new Ph.D.s with definite postdoc plans, by selected field and year: 1970-93

3-4    Proportion of Ph.D. recipients in postdoc positions, by years since Ph.D. and selected fields: 1993

3-5    Number of individuals holding degrees in science and engineering: 1993

3-6    Individuals whose highest degrees are in science and engineering: 1993

3-7    Age distribution of scientists and engineers, by level and broad field of degree: 1993

3-8    Ph.D. median salary, by years since degree: 1993

3-9    Total and scientist/engineer employment, by nongovernment sector: 1990 and 1993

3-10    Federal scientists and engineers, by primary work activity: 1989-93

3-11    Federal scientists and engineers, by age and occupational group: 1989 and 1993

3-12    Federal scientists and engineers, by sex: 1989-93

3-13    Median average annual base salaries of Federal scientists and engineers, by major occupation group: 1989 and 1993

3-14    Percent of 1993 U.S. resident doctorates that are foreign born

3-15    Selected characteristics of scientists and engineers admitted to the United States on permanent visas, by year of admission: 1988-93

3-16    Nonacademic scientists and engineers per 10,000 labor force for selected countries, by sex: most current year

3-17    Nonacademic scientists and engineers in selected countries, by sector of employment: most current year

3-18    Scientists and engineers in manufacturing for selected countries: most current year

3-19    Scientists and engineers engaged in R&D, and per 10,000 labor force population, by country: 1979-93



Chapter 4. Research and Development: Financial Resources and Institutional Linkages

4-1    Gross domestic product and GDP implicit price deflators: 1960-97

4-2    Purchasing power parity exchange rates, by selected country: 1981-94

4-3    U.S. R&D expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1960-95

4-4    National expenditures for total R&D, by source of funds and performer: 1970-95

4-5    National expeditures for basic research, by source of funds and performer: 1970-95

4-6    National expenditures for applied research, by source of funds and performer: 1970-95

4-7    National expenditures for development research, by source of funds and performer: 1970-1995

4-8    Total expenditures for industrial R&D (financed by company, Federal, and other funds), by industry and size of company: 1980-93

4-9    Company and other (except Federal) funds for industrial R&D performance, by industry and size of company: 1980-93

4-10    Federal funds for industrial R&D performance, by industry and size of company: 1980-93

4-11    Manufacturing and nonmanufacturing R&D expenditures: 1970-93

4-12    Concentration of total, Federal, and company and other R&D funds and net sales of R&D-performing companies by size of R&D program: 1983-93

4-13    Company and other (except Federal) R&D funds as a percent of net sales in R&D-performing manufacturing companies, by industry and size of company: 1983-93

4-14    The 100 leading industrial R&D spenders in the United States: 1994

4-15    Small Business Innovation Research awards, by award type and agency: FYs 1983-93

4-16    Budgetary impact and company claims of the Federal research and experimentation tax credit: FYs 1981-96

4-17    Federal obligations for R&D and R&D plant, by agency and character of work: FYs 1980 and 1985-95

4-18    Estimated Federal obligations for R&D, by selected agency, performer, and character of work: FY 1995

4-19    Federal obligations for R&D, by character of work and performer: FYs 1985-95

4-20    Federal R&D obligations for Federal intramural performance, by selected agency: FYs 1980-95

4-21    Estimated Federal obligations for research, by agency and field of science and engineering: FY 1995

4-22    Federal obligations for basic research, by science and engineering field: FYs 1985-95

4-23    Federal obligations for applied research, by science and engineering field: FYs 1985-95

4-24    Federal R&D obligations to federally funded research and development centers, by administering sector and selected agency: FYs 1980-95

4-25    Federal obligations for research and development to federally funded research and development centers, by individual FFRDC and agency: FY 1993

4-26    Federal obligations for research and development to federally funded research and development centers, by individual FFRDC: FYs 1987-93

4-27    Geographic distribution of U.S. R&D expenditures, by performer and source of funds: 1993

4-28    R&D performance, gross state product, technology support, and R&D/GSP ratios, by state: 1993

4-29    Federal R&D funding, by budget function: FYs 1980 and 1985-96

4-30    Federal basic research funding, by budget function: FYs 1980 and 1985-96

4-31    National support for health R&D, by performer and source of funds: 1984-94

4-32    Distribution of government R&D budget appropriations, by socioeconomic objective: 1992, 1993, or 1994

4-33    International R&D expenditures and R&D as a percentage of GDP: 1981-95

4-34    International nondefense R&D expenditures and R&D as a percentage of GDP: 1981-95

4-35    International R&D expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1993

4-36    R&D expenditures in the United States, by performing sector and domestic and foreign source of funds: 1980, 1987, and 1993

4-37    Number of strategic technology alliances, by selected technology: 1980-94

4-38    Distribution of strategic technology alliances between economic blocs, by technology: 1980-94

4-39    Percentage of industrial R&D expenditures financed from foreign sources, by selected country: 1980-94

4-40    Company-financed R&D performed abroad by U.S. companies and their foreign subsidiaries, by industry: 1980-93

4-41    R&D expenditures performed for majority-owned foreign affiliates of U.S. parent companies, by country: 1982 and 1989-93

4-42    Foreign R&D expenditures in the United States, by industry and country: 1980-93

4-43    R&D expenditures in the United States by majority-owned U.S. affiliates of foreign companies, by industry of affiliate and country of ultimate beneficial owner: 1980 and 1987-93



Chapter 5. Academic Research and Development: Infrastructure and Performance

5-1    Expenditures for academic basic research, applied research, and development: 1960-95

5-2    Support for academic R&D, by sector: FYs 1960-95

5-3    Sources of R&D funds at private and public institutions, by sector: 1973, 1983, and 1993

5-4    R&D expenditures at the top 100 academic institutions, by source of funds: 1993

5-5    Federal and nonfederal R&D expenditures at academic institutions, by field and source of funds: 1993

5-6    Expenditures for academic R&D, by field: 1983-93

5-7    Federal financing of academic R&D funds, by field: 1973-93

5-8    Federal obligations for academic R&D, by agency: 1971-95

5-9    Federal obligations for academic research, by agency: 1971-95

5-10    Academic research obligations, by major Federal agencies, percent by S&E field: 1993-95 (average)

5-11    Federal academic research obligations, by S&E field, percent provided by major Federal agencies: 1993-95 (average)

5-12    Square footage of total, new construction, and repair/renovation of academic R&D space, by field: 1986-95

5-13    Cost of new academic R&D new construction and repair/renovation projects, by field: 1986-95

5-14    Amount of funds for new construction and repair/renovation of science and engineering research space, by source of funds and type of institutional control: 1986-93

5-15    Distribution of funds for new construction and repair/renovation of science and engineering research space, by source of funds and type of institutional control: 1986-93

5-16    Percentage of total stock of science and engineering research space, by condition and field: 1988-94

5-17    Adequacy of the amount of science and engineering research space, by field: 1988-94

5-18    Current fund expenditures for research equipment at academic institutions, by field: 1983-93

5-19    Academic employment and R&D activity of doctoral scientists and engineers, by field of degree and sex: selected years

5-20    Academic doctoral scientists and engineers, by position and employment status: 1973-93

5-21    Full-time S&E graduate students supported by research assistantships, by source of support and field: 1980-93

5-22    Distribution of graduate research assistants, by field and source of support: 1980-93

5-23    Teaching and research indicators of full-time doctoral science and engineering faculty, by primary activity and type of institution: 1993

5-24    Full-time academic doctoral science and engineering faculty, by field of degree and primary work responsibility: 1973-93

5-25    Employment share, and share among researchers, of females, underrepresented minorities, and Asians: selected years

5-26    Academic employment and R&D activity of doctoral scientists and engineers, by race/ethnicity, and field of degree: 1979-93

5-27    Percentage of academic doctoral scientists and engineers reporting Federal support: 1979-93

5-28    Percentage of Government-supported scientists and engineers who obtained funding from more than one Federal agency: 1979-93

5-29    Cumulative age distribution of full-time academic doctoral science and engineering faculty: 1973-93

5-30    World articles, by field and subfield: 1981 and 1993

5-31    World and U.S. scientific and technical articles, by field: 1981-93

5-32    Scientific and technical articles, by country and field: 1981-93

5-33    Selected countries' distribution of scientific and technical literature, by field: 1981-93

5-34    Coauthored and internationally coauthored articles for selected countries: 1981-87 and 1988-93

5-35    Patterns of international collaboration in science and engineering research: 1981-87 and 1988-93

5-36    Articles in U.S. natural science and engineering journals, by sector and field: 1981-93

5-37    Intersectoral coauthorship of U.S. natural science and engineering articles: 1981-93

5-38    Intersectoral coauthorship of U.S. articles, by selected field groupings: 1981-93

5-39    Sectoral distribution of citations in U.S. scientific and technical articles, by field: 1990-93

5-40    Citations on U.S. patents to U.S. articles, by performer sector and field: 1987-88 and 1993-94

5-41    Selected countries' citations to the international scientific and technical literature, by field: 1991-93

5-42    U.S. patents awarded to 100 academic institutions with largest 1993 R&D volume and other academic institutions: 1969-94

5-43    Patents granted to U.S. academic institutions, by major utility class: 1969-73 through 1989-94



Chapter 6. Technology Development and Diffusion

6-1    U.S. trade in advanced technology products: 1990-94

6-2    U.S. receipts and payments of royalties and fees associated with affiliated and unaffiliated foreign residents: 1987-93

6-3    U.S. receipts and payments of royalties and license fees generated from the exchange and use of industrial processes with unaffiliated foreign residents, by region/country: 1987-93

6-4    R&D performance in United States, by industry: 1981-92

6-5    R&D performance in Japan, by industry: 1981-92

6-6    R&D performance in Germany, by industry: 1981-92

6-7    U.S. patents granted, by inventor residence, inventor sector, and year of grant: 1963-93

6-8    Patent classes most emphasized by inventors from the United States patenting in the United States: 1983 and 1993

6-9    Patent classes most emphasized by inventors from Japan patenting in the United States: 1983 and 1993

6-10    Patent classes most emphasized by inventors from Germany patenting in the United States: 1983 and 1993

6-11    Patent classes most emphasized by inventors from Taiwan patenting in the United States: 1983 and 1993

6-12    Patent classes most emphasized by inventors from South Korea patenting in the United States: 1983 and 1993

6-13    Numbers of U.S. patents granted to foreign inventors, by selected field: 1980-93

6-14    Technological performance indicators for U.S. patents granted to foreign inventors: 1980-93

6-15    Manufacturers use and planned use of certain advanced technologies in the United States: 1988 and 1993

6-16    High-tech companies formed in the United States: 1980-94

6-17    Ownership of high-tech establishments operating in the United States, by country of ownership: 1995



Chapter 7. Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Public Understanding

7-1    Public interest in selected issues: 1979-95

7-2    Public interest in scientific and technological issues, by sex and level of education: 1995

7-3    Public informedness on selected issues: 1979-95

7-4    Public informedness on scientific and technological issues, by sex and level of education: 1995

7-5    Public attentiveness to select issues: 1979-95

7-6    Public attentiveness to scientific and technological issues, by sex and level of education: 1995

7-7    Public understanding of scientific vocabulary and concepts, by sex, level of education, and level of attentiveness: 1995

7-8    Mean scores on the index Vocabulary of Science Constructs, by education and sex: 1995

7-9    Public understanding of the nature of scientific inquiry: 1995

7-10    Public understanding of the ozone hole, by sex, level of education, and level of attentiveness: 1995

7-11    Public understanding of acid rain, by sex, level of education, and level of attentiveness: 1995

7-12    Public understanding of economic terms, by sex, level of education, and level of attentiveness: 1995

7-13    Sources of information: 1995

7-14    Sources of information: 1995

7-15    Computer access at home and work: 1983-95

7-16    Computer access at home and work: 1995

7-17    Computer access and skills of young adults: 1994

7-18    First source of additional information about hole in ozone layer, by sex, level of education, and level of attentiveness: 1995.

7-19    Public confidence in the people running various institutions: 1973-94

7-20    Responses to and mean scores on the Attitude Toward Organized Science Scale: 1983-95

7-21    Public assessments of scientific research: 1979-95

7-22    Public assessments of nuclear power (in percentages): 1985-95

7-23    Public assessments of genetic engineering: 1985-95

7-24    Public assessments of space exploration: 1985-95


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