Chapter 3:

Science and Engineering Workforce


Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP). 1995. Reshaping the Graduate Education of Scientists and Engineers. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Finn, M. G. 1997. Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients From U.S. Universities, 1995. Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education.

National Science Board (NSB). 1996. Science & Engineering Indicators-1996. NSB 96-21. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

National Science Foundation (NSF), Science Resources Studies Division. 1990. Science and Engineering Personnel: A National Overview. NSF 90-310. Washington, DC.

---. 1994. Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering Personnel. NSF 94-333. Arlington, VA.

---. 1995a. Immigrant Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians: 1991-92. Detailed Statistical Tables. NSF 95-310. Arlington, VA.

---. 1995b. Nonacademic Scientists and Engineers: Trends From the 1980 and 1990 Censuses. NSF 95-306. Arlington, VA.

---. 1995c. SESTAT Surveys of Science and Engineering College Graduates. Arlington, VA. Available from

---. 1996. Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in Nonmanufacturing Industries: 1993. NSF 96-332. Arlington, VA.

---. 1997a. Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States: 1995. Detailed Statistical Tables. NSF 97-319. Arlington, VA.

---. 1997b. Characteristics of Recent Science and Engineering Graduates: 1995. Detailed Statistical Tables. NSF 97-333. Arlington, VA.

---. 1997c. "Services Sector S&E Employment Rises, Then Falls Sharply as Engineering and Technician Jobs Are Cut." Data Brief. NSF 97-322. Arlington, VA.

---. 1997d. "What's Happening in the Labor Market for Recent Science and Engineering Ph.D. Recipients." Issue Brief. NSF 97-321. Arlington, VA.

---. Forthcoming. Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in Trade and Regulated Industries: 1994. Detailed tables. Arlington, VA.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1997. Main Statistics database. Paris.

Stephan, P., and S. Levin. Striking the Mother Lode in Science: The Importance of Age, Place, and Time. New York: Oxford University Press.

Terouanne, Damien. 1997. "Présence Française en Science et en Ingenierie aux États-Unis." CNRS Working paper.

U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1997. "Population Estimates for the U.S. by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 1990-1997." Available from

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Office of Employment Projections. 1997. "National Industry-Occupation Employment Projections 1996-2006." Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor.

U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. Data available from

Previous | Top | Next

Indicators Home | Contents | Help | Comments