Chapter 6:

Industry, Technology, and Competitiveness in the Marketplace


Abbott, T.A., III. 1991. "Measuring High Technology Trade: Contrasting International Trade Administration and Bureau of Census Methodologies and Results." Journal of Economic and Social Measurement 17: 17-44.

Abramovitz, M. 1986. "Catching Up, Forging Ahead, and Falling Behind." Journal of Economic History 46: 385-406.

Albert, M.B., D. Avery, F. Narin, and P. McAllister. 1991. "Direct Validation of Citation Counts as Indicators of Industrially Important Patents." Research Policy 20: 251-59.

Carpenter, M.P., F. Narin, and P. Woolf. 1981. "Citation Rates to Technologically Important Patents." World Patent Information 1981: 160-63.

Carayannis, E., S. Kassicieh, and R. Radosevich. 1997. "Financing Technological Entrepreneurship: The Role of Strategic Alliances in Procuring Early Stage Seed Capital." Paper presented at Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology, Portland, OR, July 27-31. Available from

Chakrabarti, A. 1991. "Competition in High Technology: Analysis of Patents of the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, France, West Germany and Canada." IEEE Transactions in Engineering Management 38 (February): 78-84.

CHI Research Newsletter. 1997. Vol. V, No. 1 (March).

Claus, P., and P.A. Higham. 1982. "Study of Citations Given in Search Reports of International Patent Applications Published Under the Patent Cooperation Treaty." World Patent Information 4:105-9.

Council on Competitiveness. 1994. Science in the National Interest. Washington, DC.

---. 1996. Endless Frontier, Limited Resources: U.S. R&D Policy for Competitiveness. Washington, DC.

Corporate Technology Information Services, Inc. 1997. Corporate Technology Directory 1997. Rev. 12.3. Wellesley Hills, MA.

Derwent World Patents Index Database. 1996. London: Derwent Publications Ltd.

European Commission. 1994. The European Report on Science and Technology Indicators 1994. Brussels.

European Venture Capital Association. 1997. 1997 Yearbook. Zavenstem, Belgium.

Faust, K. 1984. "Patent Data as Early Indicators of Technological Position of Competing Industrialized Countries." Paper translated by U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. PTO-1265. Washington, DC.

Frost & Sullivan. 1996. "Political Risk Letter." Political Risk Services, International Business Communications.

Greenwald, D., and Associates, eds. 1984. The Concise McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Modern Economics, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Griliches, Z. 1990. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey." Journal of Economic Literature 28 (December): 1661-707.

Hatzichronoglou, T. 1996. "Globalization and Competitiveness: Relevant Indicators." Report prepared for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. OECD/GD(96)43. Paris: OECD.

Kim, L. 1997. Imitation to Innovation: The Dynamics of Korea's Technological Learning. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Mansfield, E. 1991. "Academic Research and Industrial Innovation." Research Policy 20, No. 1 (February): 1-12.

Mogee, M.E. 1991. Technology Policy and Critical Technologies: A Summary of Recent Reports. Washington, DC: National Academy of Engineering.

---. 1993. "International Patent Indicators of U.S. Position in Critical Technologies." Report prepared under National Science Foundation Contract No. SRS-9223041. Arlington, VA.

Mogee Research & Analysis Associates. 1997. "SGER: Comparing Assessments of National Position in Key Science & Technology Fields." Report prepared under National Science Foundation SGER Grant No. SRS-9618668. Washington, DC.

Mowery, D.C., and N. Rosenberg. 1993. "Chapter 2." In R.R. Nelson, ed., National Innovation Systems. New York: Oxford University Press.

Nadiri, I. 1993. Innovations and Technological Spillovers. NBER Working Paper No. 4423. Boston: National Bureau of Economic Research.

Narin, F., and D. Olivastro, 1988. "Technology Indicators Based on Patents and Patent Citations." In Handbook of Quantitative Studies of Science and Technology. Holland: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.

Narin, F., K. Hamilton, and D. Olivastro. 1997. "The Increasing Linkage Between U.S. Technology and Public Science." Research Policy 26, No. 3 (December): 317-30.

National Critical Technologies Review Group. March 1995. National Critical Technologies Report. Washington, DC.

National Research Council (NRC). 1995. "The Effects of Technology and Innovation on Firm Performance and Employment." Proceedings of May 1-2, 1995, conference. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.

National Research Council, Hamburg Institute for Economic Research, and Kiel Institute for World Economics. 1996. Conflict and Cooperation in National Competition for High-Technology Industry. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Science Board (NSB). 1991. Science & Engineering Indicators-1991. NSB 91-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1993. Science & Engineering Indicators-1993. NSB 93-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

National Science Foundation (NSF), Science Resources Studies Division. 1995. Asia's New High-Tech Competitors. NSF 95-309. Arlington, VA.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 1993. "Technology Diffusion: Tracing the Flows of Embodied R&D in Eight OECD Countries." DSTI/EAS (93) 5 Rev.1. Paris.

---. 1995. Purchasing Power Parities and Real Expenditures, 1993. Volume 1, EKS Results. Paris.

---. 1996. Structural Analysis Database for Industrial Analysis (STAN). Paris.

---. 1997. Analytical Business Enterprise R&D Database (ANBERD). Paris.

Pavitt, K. 1985. "Patent Statistics as Indicators of Innovative Activities: Possibilities and Problems." Scientometrics 7: 77-99.

Pearce, David. 1983. The Dictionary of Modern Economics. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Porter, A.L., and J.D. Roessner. 1991. Indicators of National Competitiveness in High Technology Industries. Final report to the Science & Engineering Indicators Studies Group, National Science Foundation, two volumes. Atlanta: Georgia Institute of Technology.

Roessner, J.D. 1992. The Capacity for Modernization Among Selected Nations of Asia and the Pacific Rim.

Roessner, J.D., A.L. Porter, and H. Xu. 1992. "National Capacities to Absorb and Institutionalize External Science and Technology." Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 4, No. 2.

Roessner, J.D., A.L. Porter, N. Newman, and H. Xu. 1997. 1996 Indicators of Technology-Based Competitiveness of Nations, Summary Report. Prepared under National Science Foundation Purchase Order No. D22588X-00-0. Atlanta: Georgia Institute of Technology.

Romer, P.M. 1996. "Why, Indeed in America? Theory, History, and the Origins of Modern Economic Growth." American Economic Review 86, No. 2 (May).

Scherer, M. 1992. "Research on Patents and the Economy: The State of the Art." Paper presented at the 1st European Patent Office-IFO Workshop, Munich.

Souder, W.E. 1995. "The Evolution and Transfer of National Technologies: A Conceptual Model With Comparative Studies." Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research 54 (April): 231-42.

Tassey, G. 1995. Technology and Economic Growth: Implications for Federal Policy. NIST Planning Report 95-3. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.

Tyson, L.D. 1992. Who's Bashing Whom: Trade Conflict in High-Technology Industries. Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.

U.S. Bureau of the Census, Foreign Trade Division. 1997. Data available from

U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. 1996. Survey of Current Business 76, No. 11 (November).

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Productivity and Technology. 1997. "Comparative Real Gross Domestic Product Per Capita and Per Employed Person, Fourteen Countries, 1960-1995." Washington, DC.

U.S. Department of Commerce. 1995. U.S. Jobs Supported by Goods and Services Exports, 1983-92. Washington, DC.

U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy (U.S. OSTP). 1995. National Critical Technologies Report. Washington, DC: National Critical Technologies Panel.

---. 1997. Science & Technology Shaping the Twenty-First Century. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President.

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. 1996. Patenting Trends in the United States, 1963-95. Washington, DC.

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Office of Information Systems, TAF Program. 1996. Country Activity Index Report, Corporate Patenting 1995. Prepared for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC.

Venture Economics. 1996. 1996 Venture Capital Annual Review. Boston. WEFA/ICF Global Industry Service. 1997. Database. Eddystone, PA: WEFA Group.

World Bank. 1996. World Development Report 1996. New York: Oxford University Press.

World Intellectual Property Organization. Annual series. "Industrial Property Statistics." Geneva.

Previous | Top | Next

Indicators Home | Contents | Help | Comments