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Introduction

The Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS) of the National Science Foundation publishes the biennial report, National Patterns of R&D Resources. This report describes and analyzes current and historical patterns of research and development (R&D) in the United States, as well as R&D levels of other industrialized countries. The information used in the report is drawn from several SRS surveys as of August 1998, and includes projections to cover the entire 1998 calendar year.

During even-numbered years, when the report is produced, annual statistics on national and international R&D trends are first made available in Early Release Tables, to allow researchers early access to the information. This information, subject to possible revision in the final review process, is then provided in the full National Patterns report, in the appendix containing "Detailed Statistical Tables". These early-release tables contain R&D statistics characterized by:

A brief summary of the main analytical findings for 1998 is provided in the SRS Data Brief, "R&D as a Percent of GDP is Highest in Six Years".

In odd-numbered years, in which the report is not produced, current, annual statistics on national and international R&D trends are first released in data updates, similar to early release tables, and then published in the National Science Board's biennial report – Science & Engineering Indicators .

Note that R&D expenditure levels from Federal sources, presented here based on performer-reported surveys, differ from the Federal R&D funding totals reported by the Federal agencies that provide those funds. During the past several years, these differences have widened. The difference in the Federal R&D totals appear to be concentrated in the funding of industry by the Department of Defense. See National Patterns of R&D Resources: 1996 (NSF 96-333) and the forthcoming National Patterns of R&D Resources: 1998 for detailed discussion and documentation of these differences.

Appendix B
List of Tables


The following tables are available in Excel (.xls) format.
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Table Title
B-1A National expenditures for R&D, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1991-98
B-1B Sources of national expenditures for R&D to performing sectors: 1991-98
B-2A National expenditures for basic research, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1991-98
B-2B Sources of national expenditures for basic research to performing sectors: 1991-98
B-3A National expenditures for applied research, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1991-98
B-3B Sources of national expenditures for applied research to performing sectors: 1991-98
B-4A National expenditures for development, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1991-98
B-4B Sources of national expenditures for development to performing sectors: 1991-98
B-5 Gross domestic product and R&D (Federally-funded, nonfederal, and total): Comparative measures of growth, 1991-98
B-6 Historical database for National Patterns: Columns 1-175
B-7 State expenditures for R&D: Performance by sector, categorized by sources of funds: 1987-1995
B-8 Total R&D and GSP by state: 1995
B-9 Trends in Federal and non-Federal R&D expenditures: 1953-98
B-10 Federal R&D budget authority, by budget function: Fiscal years 1980-98
B-11 Federal outlays for R&D and other activities, by DOD and non-DOD sources: 1962-98
B-12 Federal obligations for research and development, by agency: Fiscal years 1985-98
B-13 Federal obligations for basic research, by agency: Fiscal years 1985-98
B-14 Federal obligations for applied research, by agency: Fiscal years 1985-98
B-15 Federal obligations for development, by agency: Fiscal years 1985-98
B-16 Total (company, Federal, and other) funds for industrial R&D performance, by industry category: 1986-96
B-17 Company and other (except Federal) funds for industrial R&D performance, by industry and size of company: 1986-96
B-18 Federal funds for industrial R&D performance, by industry and size of company: 1986-96
B-19 Total (company, Federal, and other) R&D funds as a percent of net sales in R&D performing companies, by industry and size of company: 1986-96
B-20 Company and other (except Federal) R&D funds as a percent of net sales in R&D performing companies, by industry and size of company: 1986-96
B-21 Funds for performance of industrial basic research, applied research, and development, by industry and source of funds: 1996
B-22 Number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) R&D scientists and engineers in R&D-performing companies, by industry and size of company: 1986-97
B-23 Cost per R&D scientist or engineer in R&D performing companies, by industry and size of company: 1986-96
B-24 R&D expenditures at universities and colleges, by source of funds and science and engineering field: Fiscal years 1989-96
B-25 Federally financed R&D expenditures at universities and colleges, by science and engineering field: Fiscal years 1989-96
B-26 R&D expenditures at university-administered FFRDCs, by science and engineering field: Fiscal years 1989-96
B-27 Scientists and engineers primarily engaged in research and development activities, by sector of employment: 1985-97
B-28 Number of employed doctoral scientists and engineers, by field of doctorate and primary work activity: 1995
B-29 Scientists and engineers engaged in R&D, and per 10,000 labor force population, by country: 1981-95
B-30 International total R&D expenditures and R&D as a percentage of GDP: 1981-97
B-31 International nondefense R&D expenditures and nondefense R&D as a percentage of GDP: 1981-97



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