Science and Engineering State Profiles



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U.S. totalU.S. total
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Characteristic, data year (unit)
ValueValue: units differ according to characteristic
RankRank per characteristic
All Employed SEH doctorates, 2013Differences among ranks may not be statistically significant due to sampling error.
24,900 7 717,600
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S&E doctorates awarded, 2012 1,627 6 35,428
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Engineering (%) 23- 24
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Environmental sciences (%) 1- 2
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Life sciences (%) 22- 27
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Math and computer sciences (%) 13- 10
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Physical sciences (%) 16- 13
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Psychology (%) 10- 10
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Social sciences (%) 15- 13
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SEH postdoctorates in doctorate-granting institutions, 2012 2,331 7 62,764
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SEH graduate students in doctorate-granting institutions, 2012 26,550 6 571,578
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Population, 2013 (thousands) 12,882 5 319,744
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Civilian labor force, 2013 (thousands) 6,554 5 156,580
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Personal income per capita, 2013 (dollars) 46,780 16 44,543
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Federal spending
Total expenditures, 2010 ($millions) 109,967 7 3,250,500
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R&D obligations, 2012 ($millions) 2,399 15 115,316
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Total R&D performance, 2011 ($millions) 15,974 8 395,442
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Industry R&D Performance, 2012 ($millions)Differences among ranks may not be statistically significant due to sampling error.
13,001 7 292,675
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Academic R&D Expenditures, 2012 ($millions) 2,271 8 62,266
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Engineering (%) 13- 17
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Environmental sciences (%) 1- 5
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Life sciences (%) 64- 60
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Math and computer sciences (%) 7- 4
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Physical sciences (%) 9- 8
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Psychology (%) 2- 2
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Sciences, nec (%) 2- 2
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Social sciences (%) 2- 3
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SBIR awards, 2013 126 11 5,091
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Utility patents issued to state residents, 2013 4,644 8 133,582
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Gross domestic product, 2013 ($billions) 721 5 16,805
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Federal obligations for research and development, by agency and performer, 2012 (Thousands of dollars)
All agencies 2,399,463 15 115,315,837
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All FFRDCs 770,7744 10,021,995
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Federal intramural 191,12023 28,554,651
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Industrial firms 273,20125 42,914,810
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Other nonprofits 86,90615 6,209,867
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State, local governments 5,46628 441,758
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Universities and colleges 1,071,9968 27,172,756
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Department of Agriculture 55,142 11 2,164,532
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All FFRDCs 0- 0
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Federal intramural 41,153- 1,473,532
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Industrial firms 340- 24,121
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Other nonprofits 470- 21,729
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State, local governments 211- 7,077
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Universities and colleges 12,967- 638,074
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Department of Commerce 1,124 32 1,053,714
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All FFRDCs 0- 3,632
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Federal intramural 0- 842,180
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Industrial firms 118- 49,739
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Other nonprofits 100- 10,414
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State, local governments 0- 2,059
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Universities and colleges 906- 145,691
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Department of Defense 343,579 23 52,707,544
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All FFRDCs 5,400- 1,681,794
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Federal intramural 119,879- 15,753,566
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Industrial firms 152,053- 32,309,764
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Other nonprofits 1,761- 415,541
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State, local governments 1,720- 53,788
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Universities and colleges 62,766- 2,493,091
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Department of Energy 836,465 4 9,898,707
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All FFRDCs 758,052- 6,285,113
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Federal intramural 2,000- 874,544
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Industrial firms 6,514- 1,637,650
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Other nonprofits 4,618- 135,846
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State, local governments 0- 13,086
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Universities and colleges 65,282- 952,469
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Department of Health and Human Services 823,921 9 30,907,002
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All FFRDCs 7,237- 360,605
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Federal intramural 36- 6,424,735
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Industrial firms 26,450- 1,681,414
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Other nonprofits 62,266- 4,674,391
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State, local governments 2,523- 184,704
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Universities and colleges 725,410- 17,581,153
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Department of Homeland Security 3,068 22 600,607
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All FFRDCs 0- 112,975
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Federal intramural 2,209- 240,667
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Industrial firms 557- 152,239
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Other nonprofits 0- 25,984
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State, local governments 0- 0
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Universities and colleges 301- 68,742
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Department of the Interior 10,590 26 736,858
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All FFRDCs 0- 0
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Federal intramural 9,138- 648,044
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Industrial firms 0- 13,426
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Other nonprofits 20- 3,535
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State, local governments 53- 6,903
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Universities and colleges 1,379- 64,950
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Department of Transportation 42,484 6 898,441
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All FFRDCs 0- 38,780
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Federal intramural 10,831- 259,530
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Industrial firms 20,531- 316,745
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Other nonprofits 8,057- 67,950
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State, local governments 959- 143,931
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Universities and colleges 2,107- 71,506
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Environmental Protection Agency 13,229 10 575,577
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All FFRDCs 0- 0
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Federal intramural 286- 266,078
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Industrial firms 11,797- 222,288
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Other nonprofits 0- 0
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State, local governments 0- 0
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Universities and colleges 1,146- 87,211
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National Aeronautics and Space Administration 63,254 16 10,633,817
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All FFRDCs 85- 1,336,367
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Federal intramural 5,586- 1,684,087
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Industrial firms 50,705- 6,221,238
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Other nonprofits 231- 417,811
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State, local governments 0- 4,855
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Universities and colleges 6,647- 969,459
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National Science Foundation 206,606 6 5,139,039
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All FFRDCs 0- 202,730
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Federal intramural 0- 87,689
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Industrial firms 4,137- 286,186
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Other nonprofits 9,384- 436,667
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State, local governments 0- 25,356
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Universities and colleges 193,086- 4,100,411
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- = no value possible; NA = not available.

S&E = science and engineering; SEH = science, engineering, and health; SBIR = small business innovation research.

NOTES: Rankings and totals are based on data for the 50 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Rankings are based on unrounded totals. Standard errors of estimates from sample surveys are not considered in developing rankings; differences may not be statistically significant due to sampling error. Data for employed SEH doctorate holders are from the Survey of Doctorate Recipients (SDR) and include recipients of U.S. doctoral degrees only. The SDR is not conducted annually. State estimates for employed SEH doctorate holders may have large sampling errors because the SDR was not designed to provide estimates at the state level. The SDR data are classified by the state where the doctorate holder is employed, if known; otherwise, data are classified by the doctorate holder's residence. The original source of data on personal income per capita and gross domestic product for Puerto Rico is the Puerto Rico Planning Board, Program of Economic and Social Planning, Subprogram of Economic Analysis.

The U.S. total in a State Profile and its corresponding data source may not match in all cases. Differences are due to rounding, survey scope, or undistributed data. For example, source data may or may not include Puerto Rico. See Technical Notes associated with each survey.

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