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Chapter 1

Representation in Science and Engineering: Issues and Perspectives

The Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act, passed in December 1980, declares that

...it is the policy of the United States to encourage men and women, equally, of all ethnic, racial, and economic backgrounds to acquire skills in science, engineering and mathematics, to have equal opportunity in education, training, and employment in scientific and engineering fields, and thereby to promote scientific and engineering literacy and the full use of the human resources of the Nation in science and engineering. (Sec. 32(b))

Under this act, the National Science Foundation (NSF) is required to report to Congress on the status of women and minorities in science and engineering on a biennial basis. This report is the seventh in the series. Like its predecessors, it provides a comprehensive overview of the participation of women and minorities and, with this report, persons with disabilities in science and engineering education and employment.

Organization and Scope of the Report
Data Focus
Population Groups
Attitudes Toward Science and Scientists
Sidebar: The Dynamics of U.S. Population Change

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