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Organization and Scope of the Report

Women, Minorities, and Persons With Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 1994 is organized differently from earlier reports. It follows the chronological sequence of the educational system, then analyzes workforce participation. Credentialing and training play a visible and inescapably important role in providing access to later stages of education and to science and engineering careers. Differences across the populations of interest are examined at important levels and points of transition.
Since the first statistical report in this series was published in 1982, data from additional sources have become available. In many cases existing data series have become more useful for studying issues because of additional detail in data collected or improvements in data quality. Changes in data availability are reflected in the presentations of data. The greatest detail possible is used in presenting science and engineering field descriptions and in racial/ethnic classifications. Tabulations for geographic areas and for institutions both demonstrate the importance of these variables to examining substantive topics addressed here and illustrate the availability of data for study beyond the scope of this report.
This report also introduces research results where they contribute to understanding aspects of underrepresentation. The studies address particular problems or situations, and thus lack generalizability to all science and engineering, but they nonetheless contribute to the information base available for addressing complex issues.
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