Organization and Scope of the Report
Women, Minorities, and Persons With Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 1994
is organized differently from earlier reports. It follows the chronological
sequence of the educational system, then analyzes workforce participation.
Credentialing and training play a visible and inescapably important role in
providing access to later stages of education and to science and engineering
careers. Differences across the populations of interest are examined at important
levels and points of transition.
Since the first statistical report in this series was published in 1982, data from
additional sources have become available. In many cases existing data series have
become more useful for studying issues because of additional detail in data
collected or improvements in data quality. Changes in data availability are
reflected in the presentations of data. The greatest detail possible is used in
presenting science and engineering field descriptions and in racial/ethnic
classifications. Tabulations for geographic areas and for institutions both
demonstrate the importance of these variables to examining substantive topics
addressed here and illustrate the availability of data for study beyond the scope
of this report.
This report also introduces research results where they contribute to
understanding aspects of underrepresentation. The studies address particular
problems or situations, and thus lack generalizability to all science and
engineering, but they nonetheless contribute to the information base available for
addressing complex issues.