Continuing progress in science and engineering is essential to meeting the Nation's goals of improved international competitiveness and enhanced economic and social well-being for all citizens. The full utilization of our human resources is a vital factor in the realization of this objective.
For a variety of historical and cultural reasons, participation in science and engineering in the United States has not reflected the diversity of the Nation's population. This report documents the different rates at which groups in the population are represented in science and engineering. Traditionally underrepresented groups - racial/ethnic minorities, persons with disabilities, and women - have made progress, but in different degrees.
This volume, the seventh in a series of biennial reports to the Congress, the administration, and others who direct public policy, describes the status of groups traditionally underrepresented in science and engineering. It also documents factors important to choice of study and to success in pursuing science and engineering. Encouragement of all the Nation's people to participate in science and engineering at each stage of the educational process and in the workforce must be a paramount concern if we are to broaden representation in these fields. The data and analyses presented here can help inform both the continued formulation of policies to increase participation and the evaluation of their effects.

Neal Lane

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