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Chapter 2.

Elementary/Secondary Mathematics and Science Education

Text Tables

2-1 Average mathematics proficiency and percentage of students at or above three proficiency levels, by grade and race/ethnicity: 1992
2-2 Average science proficiency and percentage of students at or above four proficiency levels, by grade and race/ethnicity: 1990
2-3 Percentage of school administrators of eighth grade students reporting selected characteristics, by school socioeconomic status: 1988
2-4 Percentage of students who like science (1990) and mathematics (1992), by subject, grade, and race/ethnicity
2-5 Percentage distribution of the number of semesters of high school mathematics courses taken in grades 9 through 12, by race/ethnicity: 1992
2-6 Percentage of public high school seniors citing selected reasons for not taking a mathematics or science course in their senior year, by subject and sex: 1989-90

Figures

2-1 Conceptual framework for studying science and mathematics education
2-2 Percentage distribution of level of education expected by parents for 1988 eighth grade students, by race/ethnicity
2-3 Percentage of U.S. children under age 18 living in poverty, by race/ethnicity: 1990
2-4 Percentage of 1988 eighth grade students whose parents did not finish high school, by race/ethnicity
2-5 Percentage of 1988 eighth grade students attending disadvantaged schools, by race/ethnicity
2-6 Percentage of 1990 10th grade students enrolled in college preparatory, academic, or specialized academic programs, by race/ethnicity
2-7 Enrollment rates in chemistry and physics, by race/ethnicity: 1990
2-8a Percentage of 1990 10th grade students with exposure to mathematics, by course and race/ethnicity (General math and Pre-algebra)
2-8b Percentage of 1990 10th grade students with exposure to mathematics, by course and race/ethnicity (Algebra I and Geometry)
2-9 Percentage of 12th grade students at each scale score range in science, by sex: 1990
2-10 Percentage of 10th grade students talking to parents about science and technology issues, by sex: 1990
2-11 Female teachers of mathematics and science at different grades, as percentage of total: 1985-86
2-12 Percentage of children with disability, by age and sex: 1991-92
2-13 Percentage of children with disability, by age and race/ethnicity: 1991-92
2-14 Percentage distribution of students 3 to 21 years old with disabilities receiving special education services, by type of disability and educational environment: 1990-91

Appendix Tables

2-1 Average scores by percentile for the National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics test for age 9, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1978-1990, selected years
2-2 Average scores by percentile for the National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics test for age 13, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1978-1990, selected years
2-3 Average scores by percentile for the National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics test for age 17, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1978-1990, selected years
2-4 Average scores by percentile for the National Assessment of Educational Progress science test for age 9, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1977-1990, selected years
2-5 Average scores by percentile for the National Assessment of Educational Progress science test for age 13, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1977-1990, selected years
2-6 Average scores by percentile for the National Assessment of Educational Progress science test for age 17, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1977-1990, selected years
2-7 Correlation coefficients (Spearman Rho) between family variables and science and mathematics achievement test scores of eighth grade students: 1988
2-8 Level of education expected by parents for 1988 eighth grade students, by sex and race/ethnicity
2-9 Percentage of 1988 eighth grade students who had selected educational activities outside of school, by race/ethnicity
2-10 Correlation coefficients (Spearman Rho) between school variables and science and mathematics achievement test scores of 1988 eighth grade students
2-11 Percentage distribution of 1988 public school eighth grade students, by the bachelor's degree majors of mathematics and science teachers and student race/ethnicity
2-12 Correlation coefficients (Spearman Rho) between selected characteristics and science and mathematics achievement test scores of 1988 eighth grade students
2-13 Percentage of 1988 public school eighth grade students reflecting different attitudes toward mathematics and science classes, by race/ethnicity
2-14 How far in school 1988 8th and 1990 10th grade students expect they will get, by race/ethnicity and sex
2-15 Percentage of postsecondary students with specified high school science course patterns, by race/ethnicity: 1986
2-16 Average science proficiency, by age, sex, and race/ethnicity: 1970-1990, selected years
2-17 Average mathematics proficiency, by age, sex, and race/ethnicity: 1973-1990, selected years
2-18 Disability status of children 0 to 17 years old, by age and sex: 1991-92
2-19 Disability status of children 0 to 17 years old, by age and race/ethnicity: 1991-92
2-20 Children 0 to 21 years old in federally supported programs for students with disabilities, by type of disability: 1982-83-1991-92
2-21 Percentage distribution of persons 3 to 21 years old with disabilities receiving special education services, by type of disability and educational environment: 1990-91
2-22 Student participation in school programs and services, by control, level of school, and type of community: 1990-91

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