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Advancing Measures of Innovation: Knowledge Flows, Business Metrics, and Measurement Strategies, June 6–7, 2006

Workshop Summary Report

Background Top of Page.

The workshop was organized by the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resources Statistics (NSF/SRS), with assistance provided under contract by SRI International. The workshop was held June 6–7, 2006 at the Arlington, VA, offices of SRI.

The objectives of the workshop were to advance measures of innovation by developing novel ideas for (1) new and better uses of existing science, technology, and innovation (STI) indicators; (2) new uses of existing non-STI indicators; and (3) new indicators. Discussions were expected to identify a range of data development opportunities, including survey-based measures; mining of administrative and other non-survey data; microdata linking; and case studies, industry-specific studies, and qualitative measures. The workshop was further expected to draw conclusions as to which opportunities are the ripest and most feasible in terms of data availability and constraints, as well as efficient use of financial and expert resources.

Prior to a discussion of statistical strategies, the workshop considered the current context for R&D and innovation statistics and reviewed cutting-edge research on university-industry knowledge flows, innovation-related data in federal economic surveys, and innovation metrics in the business sector.

The workshop was held in the context of the American Competitiveness Initiative, the Science of Science Policy (SoSP) initiative led by NSF and involving other federal agencies, and OECD's decadal "Blue Sky II" effort to develop new and better indicators of science, technology, and innovation.

Agenda Top of Page.

Disclaimer: Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in the workshop presentations are those of the presenter and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Tuesday June 6

8:30 Registration begins.

9:00 Welcome, Background, and Overview
Lynda Carlson, Director, Division of Science Resources Statistics (SRS), NSF
Pierre Perrolle, Senior Advisor, NSF/SRS
Francisco Moris, Analyst, NSF/SRS
9:40 Keynote Speech
Adam B. Jaffe, Fred C. Hecht Professor in Economics and Dean of Arts and Sciences, Brandeis University

10:35 Break

10:45 Session One: University-Industry Knowledge Flows
Moderator: Wesley Cohen, Duke University

Donald Siegel, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
University-Industry Knowledge Flows: An Overview PDF format PDF (73K)

Jerry Thursby, Emory University
University-Industry Technology Transfer PDF format PDF (90K)

Paula Stephan, Georgia State University
Wrapping It Up in a Person: The Mobility Patterns of New Ph.D.s PDF format PDF (314K)

Panel Q&A
12:20 Lunch – Featured Speaker:
Matthew Slaughter
Member of Council of Economic Advisers; NBER; Dartmouth College
1:30 Intermezzo:
John E. Jankowski, Director, R&D Statistics Program, NSF/SRS
National and International Context for Innovation-Related Statistics PDF format PDF (69K)
2:00 Session Two: Innovation Linkages and Economic Survey Statistics: Services, Employment, International Trade, and Foreign Investment
Moderator: J. Bradford Jensen, Institute for International Economics

Samuel S. Kortum, University of Minnesota
Innovation and the World Economy: Thoughts on Measurement, Theory, and Policy PDF format PDF (57K)

B.K. Atrostic, Senior Economist, CES/Census
Measuring U.S. Innovative Activity PDF format PDF (112K)

Ned Howenstine, Chief, Research Branch, Int'l Investment Division, BEA
Innovation-Related Data in BEA International Economic Surveys PDF format PDF (326K)

3:15 Break

3:30 Session Two continued
Patrick Kilcoyne, BLS
Research and Technology Occupational Employment PDF format PDF (2.2M)

Charles R. Hulten, University of Maryland
Accounting for the Knowledge Economy PDF format PDF (483K)

Panel Q&A

Wednesday June 7

9:00 Recap of first day

9:15 Session Three: Non-governmental Sources – Innovation Metrics in the Business Sector
Moderator: Rosalie Ruegg, TIA Consulting, Inc.

Al Bean, NC State University
Innovation Metrics in U.S. Industry: A Historical Perspective PDF format PDF (2.2M)

Al Link, UNC-Greensboro
Business Alliances and Science Parks PDF format PDF (248K)

Rajesh Chandy, University of Minnesota
Innovation: Business Metrics PDF format PDF (441K)

10:30 Break

10:45 Session Three continued
Marie C. Thursby, Georgia Institute of Technology
Here or There? A Survey on the Factors in Multinational R&D Location and IP Protection PDF format PDF (123K)

Panel Q&A

11:30 Lunch

12:30 Session Four: Research and Statistical Strategies
Nils C. Newman, Intelligent Information Services Corporation and Georgia Institute of Technology
Where is Nano Going? PDF format PDF (964K)

D.H. Judson, Census
Models for Information Integration:Case Studies and Emerging Principles PDF format PDF (281K)

Panel Q&A
1:30 Concluding Panel: Strategies for Moving Forward
Thomas Plewes, Committee on National Statistics, National Academies

Panel members:
Wesley Cohen, Duke University
Irwin Feller, Senior Visiting Scientist, AAAS
Rosalie Ruegg, TIA Consulting, Inc.
3:30 Closing Remarks
Kaye Husbands Fealing, Science of Science Policy Advisor, NSF

3:45 Workshop Adjourns

More Information Top of Page.

Selected papers based on the workshop were featured in The Journal of Technology Transfer: Special Issue on Advancing Measures of Innovation: Knowledge Flows, Business Metrics, and Measurement Strategies, Volume 33, Number 2 / April, 2008.

For more information on the workshop or on related materials and publications, please contact

Francisco Moris
Research and Development Statistics Program
Division of Science Resources Statistics
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965
Arlington, VA 22230

Last Updated: April 06, 2010


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