NSF provides support for large, multi-user facilities which meet the need for access to state-of-the-art research facilities that would otherwise be unavailable. Support includes funding for staff and support personnel to assist both internal and external scientists in conducting research at the facilities. Support for these unique national facilities is essential to advance U.S. research capabilities required for world-class research. NSF supports the following facilities:

(Millions of Dollars)

1Other facilities include physics, materials research, ocean sciences, atmospheric sciences, and earth sciences facilities, CESR, Gemini Observatories, and the National Nanofabrication Users Network.
2An additional $30.023 in FY 1996 appropriatied funds for ARI was carried over and will be obligated in FY 1997.

The FY 1998 Request for Facilities totals $684 million, a $22 million increase over FY 1997.

The FY 1998 total of $48 million in NSFNET includes $10 million for the Interagency Next Generation Internet initiative, which will focus on advanced, high performance network connectivity between research institutions. The current NSF Supercomputer Centers program will end at the close of FY 1997, and will be replaced by the new Partnerships in Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI) program. A smooth transition to the new Partnerships program will ensure continuity in ongoing research efforts. The PACI program focuses on taking advantage of newly emerging opportunities in high performance computing and communications, as well as involvement in information intensive activities and enabling technologies.

NSF plans to fund the Major Research Equipment (MRE) Account at $85 million in FY 1998, which includes $25 million for South Pole Station, $26 million to complete construction funding for the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO), $9 million for the first phase of the Millimeter Array (MMA) and $25 million to fully fund construction of the Polar Cap Observatory (PCO). In addition, LIGO will receive support from within the Research and Related Activities Account for operations, for total funding of approximately $33 million.

Support for facilities associated with the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) includes a scheduled mid-life refit of the ODP drillship JOIDES Resolution. This refit, which totals $6.0 million over two years, is necessary to extend the life of the ship. Of the $3.0 million requested in FY 1998, $1.50 million will be realized in the form of savings resulting from the reduced need for research support during the refit period.

Among other facilities supported, NSF provides funding for the second year of a five year upgrade of the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) at Michigan State University, the completion of the five year luminosity upgrade of the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR) at Cornell University, and continued support for Gemini Observatories operations.

The Academic Research Infrastructure program is terminated in FY 1997, and no further funding for this activity is requested.

Research Facilities:

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