The FY 2002 Budget Request for the Social and Economic
Sciences (SES) Subactivity is $65.84 million, a decrease of $260,000,
or 0.4 percent, from the FY 2001 Current Plan of $66.10 million.
(Millions of Dollars)
|Social and Economic
The SES Subactivity supports research to develop
and advance scientific knowledge focusing on economic, legal, political
and social systems, organizations and institutions. In addition,
SES supports research on the intellectual and social contexts that
govern the development and use of science and technology. This includes
the fields of economics, decision, risk and management sciences,
political science, law and social science, sociology, ethics and
values, science and technology studies, methods, measurement and
statistics, and cross-disciplinary activities. NSF funding provides
a substantial part of total federal research support for basic research
in all these fields and the major part in some of them, such as
political science, law and social science, and ethics and values
in science. Indeed, the applied research funded in these areas by
federal program agencies are often based on findings and methods
developed with SES grants.
SES-sponsored research often has important practical
results and societal benefits. For example, theoretical and experimental
research into decision making has produced practical societal benefits
as diverse as improved medical diagnostic systems, more accurate
eyewitness identification in criminal proceedings, and more effective
monitoring of nuclear power plants. In addition, research on the
labor market, environmental systems, and the regulation of transportation,
communication, and energy has, by influencing public policy, contributed
greatly to economic growth.
In FY 2002, the SES Request of $65.84 million will
support a range of activities, including:
A $100,000 increase will support expanded research
into the human causes and consequences of extreme events, such
as floods, famines, earthquakes, or ethnic violence.
Continued support for new research on the sources
of scientific discovery and technological innovations, and how
the results of these processes diffuse through organizations
and society by means of, for example, human capital formation
in students and workers.
Continued funding of the highly successful
Infrastructure competition, taking advantage of new computational
and communications technologies to support expanded development
of shared databases, web-based collaboratories, and advanced
research approaches that provide fundamental infrastructure
for large, diverse, scientific communities.
Continued support for the Information Technology
Research priority area. This research will focus on application
of new research techniques, such as Internet-based data collection,
and on the socio-economic implications of new technologies.