Computer and Information Science and Engineering $526,940,000
The FY 2003 Budget Request for the Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) Activity is $526.94 million, an increase of $12.06 million, or 2.3 percent, above the FY 2002 Current Plan of $514.88 million.
(Millions of Dollars)
Totals may not add due to rounding.
Computing, communications, and information are the focus of the basic research and education programs supported by the CISE Activity. CISE supported research ranges from the study of basic principles of the creation, representation, storage, transmission, transformation and application of information to the development of new algorithms, systems and applications. CISE activities include theoretical and experimental investigator-initiated research in all areas of computer and information science and engineering, the development and maintenance of a cutting-edge national computing and information infrastructure for research and education, and programs that contribute to the education and training of the next generation of computer scientists and engineers.
Information technology (IT) is playing an increasingly important role in nearly every part of our lives, supporting science and engineering research and education to benefit general education, commerce, health, and national security. The federal investment in research has played a key part in developing and maintaining U.S. leadership in underlying computing, communications and information technologies and in applying these technologies to many areas of national importance. As part of the overall federal effort, CISE provides 43 percent of the total support for fundamental research in computer science at U.S. colleges and universities.
CISE continues to support major advances in information technology. The following examples illustrate the creativity of new ideas that have potential to support innovation and new industrial growth. Just as important are the training environments in the laboratories and research groups that develop these ideas.
The CISE Directorate provides vision for information technology trends, opportunities and needs. New programs and efforts are established in consultation with the research community, industry, and other sectors. CISE serves as a focal point for U.S. IT leadership and its investments in learning and discovery keep the U.S. at the forefront of discovery.
In FY 2003, CISE will support research and education efforts related to broad, Foundation-wide priority areas in Biocomplexity in the Environment, Information Technology Research, Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Learning for the 21st Century Workforce, and Mathematical Sciences.
Biocomplexity in the Environment (BE): Funding for BE in FY 2003 totals $7.36 million, a $1.26 million increase over FY 2002. These funds will contribute to NSF's centralized competition and will support focused environmental informatics activities such as multi-scale modeling and simulation, dynamic data analysis and interpretation, data mining and management, and data fusion.
Information Technology Research (ITR): Information technology (IT) was responsible for a third of the nation's economic expansion during the 1990s, primarily due to advances in fundamental understanding of computing, communications, and information. The Internet, Web browsers, software for medical, scientific, educational, and business applications, as well as many other features of daily life are rooted in the basic IT research achievements of the past few decades. In the future, IT will have an even greater impact on the quality of our lives, the state of the economy, and national security.
Funding within CISE for the Foundation's ITR priority area will total $190.67 million in FY 2003, a $17.16 million increase over FY 2002. ITR continues the Foundation's effort to address computing, communications, and information research and related education and training and infrastructure efforts essential for maintaining the nation's preeminence in IT research and its wider applications to all sectors of society.
In response to the need for more long-range IT research, the ITR program will support research that often entails a higher risk than that prevailing in established areas. In managing the award process, CISE will ensure that at least 10 percent of funding is used for these high-quality, higher-risk proposals.
In FY 2003, CISE will focus on broad thematic, large-scale, long-term, basic computer science research challenges, such as the following.
Nanoscale Science and Engineering: CISE support totals $11.14 million for FY 2003, an increase of $940,000 over FY 2002, for Nanoscale Science and Engineering research on quantum computing, self-assembly of biomolecular computer components, nano-robotics, and design automation to support a new approach to molecular architecture.
Learning for the 21st Century Workforce: CISE provides $1.20 million to support the Foundation's Learning for the 21st Century Workforce priority area through a range of programs that encourage creative approaches to meeting new workforce requirements for IT. These include the Interagency Education Research Initiative (IERI) and the NSF Graduate Teaching Fellowships in K-12 Education (GK-12).
Mathematical Sciences: CISE will participate in this new priority area at the level of $2.29 million. One emphasis area will be on research to improve comprehension and presentation of data focusing on research in massive data analysis, algorithms, storage, computer input/output issues, networking, digital libraries, etc. A second area will be on continuous computing, specifically at the interface of the discrete and combinatorial systems research, which is the traditional preserve of computer science, with the continuous domain research, which is the traditional domain of mathematics.
CISE support for ongoing and new activities contributes to NSF efforts to achieve its strategic goals, as well as to the administration and management activities necessary to achieve those goals:
(Millions of Dollars)
1 Includes only costs charged to the R&RA
CISE places high priority on programs to develop the IT workforce. This workforce, emphasizing researchers and technology leaders for industry, is key to the health of the computing and communications sectors. The strong demand for a workforce with high-level information technology knowledge continues.
The principal strategies to develop this workforce include increasing graduate training and improving the attractiveness of university careers for computer scientists and engineers; increasing participation of under-represented groups in the workforce; and enhancing the ability of all citizens to benefit from the expanded use of computing and communications technologies. The following table shows investments in training programs, but does not include the extensive support for graduate training supported under research grants (see Ideas), the support enabled by advanced computational and network infrastructure, or the programs supported in centers.
(Millions of Dollars)
In response to the need for more people with advanced skills in all areas of computer and information science and engineering, CISE will continue to promote incorporating up-to-date research findings into the undergraduate curriculum with two goals: first, to improve undergraduate education in computer science and engineering in order to better prepare students for careers in industry, research, or teaching; and second to improve educational processes and tools for all students so they can participate effectively in a technology-intensive society.
Undergraduate curriculum improvements and the Research Experiences for Undergraduates program will be supported in FY 2003 with $8.40 million. Curriculum programs improve classroom teaching for computer science and engineering students and are focused on developing new curriculum from current research advances. Research experiences are important in introducing students into the research "culture" and have proven to increase the rate of undergraduates going into graduate study and research careers.
In FY 2003, CISE will provide $27.35 million for the Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) program, an increase of $1.35 million. Funding for the foundation-wide Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeships (IGERT) program will total $3.47 million to support interdisciplinary research.
The people who make up the nation's highly educated science and technology workforce drive advances in knowledge, innovations in technology, and growth in the economy. An essential outcome for CISE is producing this trained workforce that has given the U.S. international leadership in IT research and that is central to the productivity and economic growth stemming from IT. At NSF, integrating research and education is our principal strategy; the people involved in our research projects are the focus of our investments. Across its programs, CISE provided support for almost 9,600 people in FY 2001, including students, researchers, post-doctorates, and trainees; CISE anticipates the number will exceed 10,500 in FY 2003. Support for programs specifically addressing NSF's Strategic Goal of "People -- A diverse, internationally competitive and globally-engaged workforce of scientists, engineers and well-prepared citizens" totals more than $53 million in FY 2003, an increase of 7.8 percent over FY 2002. Moreover, about 36 percent of the funding for research grants -- an amount exceeding $140 million in FY 2001-- provided support for researchers and students, including more than 5,300 post-doctorates, trainees, and graduate and undergraduate students.
CISE supports research across the full range of disciplines that increase understanding of information, communication, and computing _ from the basic principles and technologies to new applications. Support for discovery across the frontier of science and engineering connected to learning, innovation, and the service of society underlies all the research areas in the CISE Activity and Accounts for over 60 percent of the funding in the CISE Activity. Projects that support research as well as the university training environment are the highest priority across CISE. Funding for ITR totals $190.67 million, with approximately two-thirds of this support going to individual and small group research projects and one-third to large, interdisciplinary, multi-investigator centers. Across all CISE subactivities, investment in Ideas will increase by $9.44 million to $328.57 million.
Priorities for CISE, in addition to the ITR programs described above, include:
Another priority within CISE is Critical Infrastructure Protection. An increase of $8.0 million in division programs plus $4.16 million additional support under ITR will bring total CISE support to $48.26 million in FY 2003. This will provide for increased research in networking, computing and software that will enable computer and communications systems to be safer, more reliable, and free from intrusions. In addition to increased support in ITR, the Trusted Computing program, the Embedded and Hybrid Systems program, and the Networking Research program will all increase funding for research to create the fundamental knowledge for building reliable and secure systems. These investments will support the Critical Infrastructure Protection effort with research knowledge needed to build a new generation of safe and reliable information systems.
CISE-supported centers include:
(Millions of Dollars)
The Information Technology Centers were initiated in FY 2000 to support fundamental research in IT spanning computer and information science and engineering, encompassing scientific applications or addressing areas of social, ethical, and workforce issues in IT. These centers are multi-investigator teams, often "virtual centers" with participation of several institutions. An additional investment of $2.0 million in FY 2003 will be made. In addition to the 66 centers supported, approximately 20 new center scale projects will be funded, bringing the total to 86 centers.
Support for Tools totals $139.29 million concentrated in three subactivities: the Advanced Computing Infrastructure in ACIR, the Advanced Networking Infrastructure in ANIR, and additional CISE facilities supported in Experimental and Integrative Activities. In FY 2003, CISE will see a modest decrease in support for infrastructure programs:
(Millions of Dollars)
1 Support for the acquisition of Terascale Computing Systems is provided through the Major Research Equipment Account.
Two facilities programs, Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI) and Advanced Networking Infrastructure (ANI), provide state-of-the-art computing and communications essential for advanced work in all fields of science and engineering. PACI develops and provides the most advanced, leading-edge computing capabilities. ANI provides the major high-performance network and information-communications infrastructure for the U.S. scientific and engineering community. These facilities complement each other in enabling and developing experimentation with high performance computational and communications tools, providing training and education in the use of cutting-edge scientific computing and information technologies, and facilitating geographically-separated and cross-sector collaboration in research and education.
Support for Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure will total $71.49 million in FY 2003, a decrease of $2.42 million from FY 2002. With the transition from the Supercomputer Centers program completed and all partnering activities fully operational, the program will continue broadening and accelerating the capability of the research community to utilize this advanced technology to work on cutting-edge research problems in all scientific disciplines.
Support for Advanced Networking Infrastructure will total $46.62 million in FY 2003, a decrease of $980,000 from FY 2002. ANI participates in the interagency Next Generation Internet (NGI) program, and complements the university-led Internet2 effort. Within NGI, the focus is on high performance connectivity between academic research institutions, basic infrastructure for high-end research applications, and development of national scalable high-performance network infrastructure for the U.S. research and education community. In FY 2003, ANI will stress extending the reach of high performance networking by providing access to high performance networking to additional research and educational sites; developing new methods for access technology to extend high performance networks to difficult to reach sites and end users; and developing new middleware for applications to better serve the requirements of networked applications.
CISE will provide funding of $7.0 million, an increase of $1.0 million over FY 2002, for Terascale Computing Systems operations support for these new systems discussed in the Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction Account. These efforts will complement PACI by strengthening the high performance computational capability needed for computational science research and applications. The second Terascale Computing award was to the Distributed Terascale Computing Facility, a collaboration of four sites including the two PACI centers.
Other CISE facilities includes resources such as hardware, software, databases, and services that serve needs from multi-investigator projects up to shared national resources. Instrumentation awards provide support for two or more investigators, with emphasis on emerging institutions. Research Resources support projects have multiple investigators, institutions or projects that share equipment and collaborate closely on research objectives. The Research Infrastructure program provides support of up to $2.0 million for equipment needs. Lastly, the Distributed Resources component of CISE facilities provides databases and services made available to all interested researchers.
Administration and Management
Administration and Management provides for administrative activities necessary to enable NSF to achieve its strategic goals. This includes the cost of Intergovernmental Personnel Act appointments and contractors performing administrative functions.
Number of People Involved in CISE Activities
CISE Funding Profile
|Last Modified: Sep 17, 2004|
The National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia 22230, USA