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Award Abstract #1641101

EFRI NewLaw: Controlling Thermal Transport with Topologically Guided Heat Carriers

Emerging Frontiers & Multidisciplinary Activities
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Initial Amendment Date: August 8, 2016
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Latest Amendment Date: August 8, 2016
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Award Number: 1641101
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Award Instrument: Standard Grant
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Program Manager: Irina Dolinskaya
EFMA Emerging Frontiers & Multidisciplinary Activities
ENG Directorate For Engineering
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Start Date: August 15, 2016
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End Date: July 31, 2020 (Estimated)
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Awarded Amount to Date: $1,963,939.00
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Investigator(s): Yong Chen yongchen@purdue.edu (Principal Investigator)
Qian Niu (Co-Principal Investigator)
Xianfan Xu (Co-Principal Investigator)
Zubin Jacob (Co-Principal Investigator)
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Sponsor: Purdue University
Young Hall
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2114 (765)494-1055
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NSF Program(s): EFRI Research Projects
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Program Reference Code(s):
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Program Element Code(s): 7633


This project investigates novel ways to transport, guide and direct thermal energy (heat) based on the new paradigm of topological thermal transport. Through this paradigm, heat can be guided to flow only along the boundary of a material while avoiding its interior, as well as in a highly directional ways that are also robust to material disorder and other defects. To achieve this, the team will harness and engineer special topological properties of materials and devices involving various heat carriers including electrons, phonons (crystal lattice vibrations) or light. Discoveries and innovations from this project could impact many technological areas involving the control and transport of thermal energy, such as on-chip heat management and cooling in modern electronic and photonic systems, as well as energy generation, conversion and harvesting through thermoelectrics and photothermovoltaics. The project could also lead to new schemes for thermal management such as thermal insulation, ?cloaking? and directed thermal flow. The research team will contribute to an online forum called ?Thermal Hub? within NSF-funded NanoHub that counts millions of subscribers and users. The forum is expected to facilitate sharing and exchange of information in the emerging field of ?topological thermal transport?, and benefit research and development in nanoscale thermal engineering in general. Both graduate and undergraduate students will be actively involved in the research and learning activities of the program. Particular attention will be placed on broadening the participation of women & minority students via various diversity and outreach activities by the team. The project will leverage several existing programs at their institutions and partnerships with several undergraduate and minority colleges.

Topological states of electrons such as quantum Hall effect (QHE) and topological insulators (TI) are some of the most important developments in contemporary condensed matter physics. Such topological electronic states feature topologically-protected electronic transport along the boundary of an insulating bulk sample that is immune to scattering by various impurities. This project will pursue topological concepts in the so-far-unexplored realm of thermal transport. The proposed approach will harness or engineer topological properties of three different types of heat carriers ? electrons, phonons and phonon-polaritons, to realize topologically guided and protected thermal transport that can be further controlled by external forces and fields. The first theme of the program will explore high-quality electronic topological insulators with insulating bulk and conducting topological surface states of spin-helical Dirac electrons to demonstrate optically and magnetically controlled, and non-reciprocal electronic thermal conduction, and other novel thermal transport carried by such topological surface electrons. The second and third themes of the project will focus on the extension and analogs of several key physical mechanisms underlying the electronic topological states --- such as spin-momentum coupling/locking, chirality/valley states, and spin/valley Hall effects --- to phonons and hybrid phonon-photon polaritons, toward realizing various topological phononic states and phonon/thermal transport.


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Cortes, Cristian L. and Jacob, Zubin. "Super-Coulombic atom?atom interactions in hyperbolic media," Nature Communications, v.8, 2017.   

Gao, Yang and Yang, Shengyuan A. and Niu, Qian. "Intrinsic relative magnetoconductivity of nonmagnetic metals," Physical Review B, v.95, 2017.   

Pendharker, Sarang and Hu, Huan and Molesky, Sean and Starko-Bowes, Ryan and Poursoti, Zohreh and Pramanik, Sandipan and Nazemifard, Neda and Fedosejevs, Robert and Thundat, Thomas and Jacob, Zubin. "Thermal graphene metamaterials and epsilon-near-zero high temperature plasmonics," Journal of Optics, v.19, 2017.   

Xiao, Cong and Niu, Qian. "Rashba torque beyond the Boltzmann regime," Physical Review B, v.96, 2017.   

Gao, Yang and Niu, Qian. "Zero-field magnetic response functions in Landau levels," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.114, 2017.   

Xiao, Cong and Niu, Qian. "Semiclassical theory of spin-orbit torques in disordered multiband electron systems," Physical Review B, v.96, 2017.   

Iyer, Vasudevan and Chen, Yong P. and Xu, Xianfan. "Ultrafast Surface State Spin-Carrier Dynamics in the Topological Insulator Bi2Te2S," Physical Review Letters, v.121, 2018.   

Starko-Bowes, Ryan and Dai, Jin and Newman, Ward and Molesky, Sean and Qi, Limei and Satija, Aman and Tsui, Ying and Gupta, Manisha and Fedosejevs, Robert and Pramanik, Sandipan and Xuan, Yi and Jacob, Zubin. "Dual-band quasi-coherent radiative thermal source," Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, v.216, 2018.   

Luo, Zhe and Tian, Jifa and Huang, Shouyuan and Srinivasan, Mithun and Maassen, Jesse and Chen, Yong P. and Xu, Xianfan. "Large Enhancement of Thermal Conductivity and Lorenz Number in Topological Insulator Thin Films," ACS Nano, v.12, 2018.   


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