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Geosciences (GEO) Discoveries

NSF's public investment in science, engineering, education and technology helps to create knowledge and sustain prosperity. Read here about the Internet, microbursts, Web browsers, extrasolar planets, and more... a panoply of discoveries and innovations that began with NSF support.

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A  view of Bear Lake in Utah's Unitas Mountains Where does water go when it doesn't flow?
Study shows how much enters air from plants, soil, surface water
Released  July 9, 2015
Scientist in lake collecting sediment samples in Maine Methane-eating microorganisms help regulate emissions from wetlands
Without this process, methane emissions from freshwater wetlands could be 30 to 50 percent higher
Released  June 30, 2015
drawing shwoing dinosaurs, fire and dry land Big dinosaurs steered clear of the tropics
Climate swings lasting millions of years too much for dinos
Released  June 15, 2015
 coral reefs Coral reefs defy ocean acidification odds in Palau
Palau reefs show few of the predicted responses
Released  June 5, 2015
An Atlantic rock crab Warmer, lower-oxygen oceans will shift marine habitats
Changes will result in marine animals moving away from equator
Released  June 4, 2015
lightining in a night time sky Scientists tackle mystery of thunderstorms that strike at night
Researchers will spend six weeks this summer probing nighttime thunderstorms on the Great Plains
Released  May 20, 2015
cracked, dry soil Drought, heat likely to affect U.S. West's power grid
Scientists recommend looking at power plants' capacities in view of expected changes
Released  May 18, 2015
An instrument system used to collect samples from different water depths in the ocean. Revealing the ocean's hidden fertilizer
Tiny marine plants play major role in phosphorus cycle
Released  May 14, 2015
forest As Massachusetts ecosystems shrink, hard-working "hotspots" emerge
Researchers call hotspots valuable, but say their growing numbers might be cause for concern
Released  May 14, 2015
William Newman Earthquakes expose limits of scientific predictions
But math and science are refining ways to predict and limit impact of disasters
Released  May 7, 2015
a school of bigeye travellies fish Scientists map sustainability challenges in Baja California Sur fisheries
Conduct review of ecological and social data for 12 regions around Baja
Released  April 28, 2015
aerial view of  volcano Yellowstone magma discovery
NSF-funded seismologists at the University of Utah discover magma hidden beneath Yellowstone's supervolcano
Released  April 23, 2015
Scientist in a field Earth Day: Disease spread among species is predictable
Study in California grassland expands understanding of biodiversity and management of emerging diseases
Released  April 22, 2015
Collage of images showing algae in alakes and researcher Earth Day is on the horizon. But is 'greener' always better?
Not when it's the bright green waters of algae-fouled lakes and rivers
Released  April 15, 2015
photo of the aurora in green Springtime night lights: Finding the aurora
Aurorasaurus project allows aurora-viewers around the world to compare sightings
Released  March 31, 2015
The bright blue and green colors in this satellite image show the North Atlantic Bloom. Spring plankton bloom hitches ride to sea's depths on ocean eddies
Eddies--whirlpools within currents--transport plankton downward from the ocean surface
Released  March 26, 2015
Graphic of viruses attempting to dock on a microbial mat, using the tips of their tails. The 'intraterrestrials': New viruses discovered in ocean depths
Viruses infect methane-eating archaea beneath the seafloor
Released  March 23, 2015
 forest Shrinking habitats have adverse effects on world ecosystems--and ultimately people
Extensive study of global habitat fragmentation points to major trouble ahead
Released  March 23, 2015
Chein-shiung Wu Pioneering women in STEM
Names you should know, in celebration of Women's History Month
Released  March 17, 2015
Scientists have found that rocks beneath the seafloor are teeming with microbial life. No limit to life in deep sediment of ocean's "deadest" region
Marine scientists find microbes from seafloor to igneous basement below
Released  March 16, 2015
Geologist Jeff Johnson working in the inner crater of Villarrica, an active volcano in Chile. Listen to the pulse of an erupting volcano: Chile's Villarrica
Scientists use infrasound instruments to record volcano's "circulation"
Released  March 13, 2015
Leaves and wood in a stream Nutrient pollution from nitrogen and phosphorus reduces streams' ability to support aquatic life
Residence time of leaves and twigs, important to stream-dwelling species, can be halved
Released  March 5, 2015
two images of a snowflake Road safety through snowflake imaging
Technology that delivers incredible mid-air snowflake images may now help improve road safety
Released  March 2, 2015
Waves crashed ashore in Woods Hole, Mass., during a 1938 hurricane. Monster hurricanes struck U.S. Northeast during prehistoric periods of ocean warming
Scientists find clues in sediment deposits on Cape Cod
Released  February 11, 2015
DOW scientists Karen Kosiba and Traeger Meyer with radar truck Mission impossible? New England's snowstorm 'bomb' from inside a Doppler-on-Wheels
Trapped in gale-force winds for 24 hours, scientists got the data
Released  February 11, 2015
Flooded street and houses in Cedar Rapids, Iowa Scientists confirm that Midwest floods are more frequent
Floods happening more often over past half-century
Released  February 9, 2015
coral reef and fish near Philippines Good news and bad news for coral reefs
There's good news related to marine protected areas, but bad news related to loss of coral cover
Released  February 9, 2015
tropical grasslands and savanna Dirt mounds made by termites in Africa, South America, Asia could prevent spread of deserts
Termites create oases of moisture, plant life
Released  February 5, 2015
houses in the Los Rios region of south-central Chile. Field fever, harvest fever, rat catcher's yellows: Leptospirosis by any name is a serious disease
Infection is more prevalent in lower-income tropical areas
Released  February 3, 2015
cover of Frontiers in ecology journal Drylands: Desolate, scorched, uninhabitable? Scientists say otherwise
Complex ecosystem is patchwork of grasses, shrubs, agricultural fields, urban-dwelling species, including humans
Released  February 2, 2015

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