A. Commercialization The process of developing markets and producing and delivering products or services for sale (whether by the originating party or by others). As used here, commercialization includes both government and non-government markets.
C. Development A systematic application of knowledge toward the production of useful materials, devices, and systems or methods, including design, development, and improvement of prototypes and new processes to meet specific requirements.
D. Cooperative Research and Development Research and development conducted jointly by a small business concern and a research institution under the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program in which not less than 40 percent of the research, as measured by the budget, is performed by the small business concern, and not less than 30 percent of the research, as measured by the budget, is performed by the research institution.
E. Effective Date The effective date of a grant is the date specified in the grant award letter on or after which the proposed work is expected to begin. Do not confuse the "award date" (appearing in the upper right hand corner of the letter, indicating when the award is made administratively) with the "effective date," appearing in the body of the letter.
F. Expiration Date The expiration date of the Phase I grant is the last day of the six-month grant performance period. For Phase II awards, the expiration date is last day of the grant support period, which normally is 24 months in duration.
H. Grant Support/Performance Period For Phase I awards, the grant support/performance period is the six-month period beginning on the effective date and ending six months thereafter. For Phase II awards, the grant support/performance period is the period beginning on the effective date and normally ending 24 months thereafter.
I. Joint Venture An association of persons or concerns with interests in any degree or proportion by way of contract, express or implied, consorting to engage in and carry out a single specific business venture for joint profit, for which purpose they combine their efforts, property, money, skill, or knowledge, but not on a continuing or permanent basis for conducting business generally. A joint venture is viewed as a business entity in determining power to control its management, has its own Employer Identification Number as assigned by the Internal Revenue Service, and is eligible under the SBIR Program provided that the entity created qualifies as a "SBC" as defined in this section.
J. Permanent Equipment Equipment is defined as an article of non-expendable, tangible personal property, having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost of $5,000 or more per unit(companies may elect to establish their capitalization threshold at less than $5000).
K. Place of Performance For both Phases I and II, all research must be performed in the United States. "United States" means the 50 states, the territories and possessions of the U.S. Federal Government, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau.
L. Principal Investigator The Code of Federal Regulations, Title 42, Part 52, defines a Principal Investigator as "the single individual designated by the grantee in a grant application who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the project." Any change in PI must be approved by the cognizant Program Officer. NSF does not permit Co-Principal Investigators on SBIR proposals.
O. Research Institution A research organization that is (1) a nonprofit university, or (2) a nonprofit research institution as defined in section 4(5) of the Stevenson-WydlerTechnology Innovation Act of 1980, or (3) a contractor-operated federally-funded research and development center (FFRDC), as identified by the National Science Foundation in accordance with the government-wide Federal Acquisition Regulation issued in accordance with section 35(c) (1) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (or any successor legislation thereto).
P. Research Institution Investigator The single individual designated by the Research Institution who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of a Small Business Technology Transfer project.
Q. Research or Research and Development (R/R&D) Any activity that is a (1) systematic, intensive study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding of the subject studied, (2) a systematic study directed specifically toward applying new knowledge to meet a recognized need, or (3) a systematic application of knowledge toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design, development, and improvement of prototypes and new processes to meet specific requirements.
- Is organized for profit, with a place of business located in the United States or which makes a significant contribution to the United States economy through payment of taxes or use of American products, materials, or labor; is in the legal form of an individual proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, joint venture, association, trust or cooperative, except that where the form is a joint venture there can be no more than 49 percent participation by foreign business entities in the joint venture; is at least 51 percent owned and controlled by one or more individuals who are citizens of, or permanent resident aliens in, the United States; and has, including its affiliates, not more than 500 employees.
S. Socially and Economically Disadvantaged Small Business A socially and economically disadvantaged small business concern is one that is at least 51 percent owned by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged individuals and whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more such individuals. "Control" in this context means exercising the power to make policy decisions. "Operate" in this context means being actively involved in the day-to-day management.
T. Socially and Economically Disadvantaged Individual A member of any of the following groups: Black Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Pacific Americans, Subcontinent Asian Americans, other groups designated from time to time by the Small Business Administration (SBA) to be socially disadvantaged, and any other individual found to be socially and economically disadvantaged by SBA pursuant to Section 8(a) of the Small Business Act, 15 U.S.C. ; 637(a). For more information on this definition, contact the SBA (http://www.sbaonline.sba.gov).
U. Subaward (a.k.a. contract or subcontract) Any agreement, other than one involving an employer-employee relationship, entered into by the small business concern calling for supplies or services required solely for the performance of the original funding agreement.
V. Technical Data Data developed by the grantee during the performance of a Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) grant, such as information relating to an invention, a manufacturing process, or software developed under the grant.
W. Third-Party Investor A third-party investor may include such entities as another company, a venture capital firm, an individual "angel" investor, federal (non-SBIR), state or local government, or any combinations of the above. It does not include owners of the small business, their family members, and/or "affiliates" of the small business, as defined in Title 13 of the Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Section 121.103. (Reference: http://law.justia.com/us/cfr/title13/13-18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.html)
X. Women-Owned Small Business A small business concern that is at least 51 percent owned by a woman or women, or in the case of any publicly owned business, at least 51 percent of the your stock is owned by women, who also control and operate it. "Control" in this context means exercising the power to make policy decisions. "Operate" in this context means being actively involved in the day-to-day management.