The Next AI Revolution Will Not Be Supervised
CISE Distinguished Lecture - Yann LeCun - Facebook AI Research
April 25, 2018 11:00 AM
April 25, 2018 12:00 PM
NSF Room C2010
ABSTRACT: Deep learning is causing revolutions in computer perception and natural language understanding. But almost all these successes largely rely on supervised learning, where the machine is trained with a large number of human-annotated samples. For control and game AI, most systems use model-free reinforcement learning, which requires too many trials to be practical in the real world. By contrast, animals and humans seem to learn complex tasks from a very small amount of interactions with the real world. One hypothesis is that animals and humans learn vast amounts of knowledge about how the world works through mere observation and occasional actions. Good predictive world models are an essential component of intelligent behavior: with them, one can predict outcomes and plan courses of actions. One could argue that prediction is the essence of intelligence. Good predictive models may be the basis of intuition, intuitive physics, reasoning and "common sense", allowing us to fill in missing information: predicting the future from the past and present or the state of the world from noisy percepts. After a brief presentation of the state of the art in deep learning, I will discuss some promising approaches based on prediction that may allow machines to acquire some level of common sense and to learn complex tasks with few interactions.
BIO: Yann LeCun is Director of AI Research at Facebook and Silver Professor at New York University, affiliated with the Courant Institute, the Center for Neural Science and the Center for Data Science, for which he served as founding director until 2014. He received an EE Diploma from ESIEE (Paris) in 1983, a PhD in Computer Science from Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris) in 1987. After a postdoc at the University of Toronto, he joined AT&T Bell Laboratories. He became head of the Image Processing Research Department at AT&T Labs-Research in 1996, and joined NYU in 2003 after a short tenure at the NEC Research Institute. In late 2013, LeCun became Director of AI Research at Facebook, while remaining on the NYU Faculty part-time. He was visiting professor at Collège de France in 2016. His research interests include machine learning and artificial intelligence, with applications to computer vision, natural language understanding, robotics, and computational neuroscience. He is best known for his work in deep learning and the invention of the convolutional network method which is widely used for image, video and speech recognition. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering, the recipient of the 2014 IEEE Neural Network Pioneer Award, the 2015 IEEE Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence Distinguished Researcher Award, the 2016 Lovie Award for Lifetime Achievement, and a honorary doctorate from IPN, Mexico.
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